A Companion to Genethics / Edition 1

A Companion to Genethics / Edition 1

by Justine Burley, John Harris
     
 

The completion of the human genome project in 2000 dramatically emphasized the imminent success of the genetic revolution. The ethical and social consequences of this scientific development are immense. From human reproduction to life-extending therapies, from the impact on gender and race to public health and public safety, there is scarcely a part of our lives

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Overview

The completion of the human genome project in 2000 dramatically emphasized the imminent success of the genetic revolution. The ethical and social consequences of this scientific development are immense. From human reproduction to life-extending therapies, from the impact on gender and race to public health and public safety, there is scarcely a part of our lives left unaffected by the impact of the new genetics.

A Companion to Genethics is the first substantial study of the multifaceted dimensions of the genetic revolution and its philosophical, ethical, social, and political significance. It brings together the best and most influential contemporary writing about genethics. Newly commissioned essays from prominent figures in the current debate provide a wide-ranging and fascinating scholarly analysis of all the issues that arise from this explosive science.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405120289
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
08/02/2004
Series:
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Series, #65
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
508
Product dimensions:
6.85(w) x 9.75(h) x 1.58(d)

Meet the Author

Justine Burley is Adjunct Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore. Most recently, she was a Lecturer at the University of Oxford. She served as Fellow of the Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics (1995-1998) at Oxford and as Simon Fellow at the University of Manchester (1998-2002). She is editor of The Genetic Revolution and Human Rights (1999) and Dworkin and His Critics (Blackwell, 2004).

John Harris is Sir David Alliance Professor of Bioethics at the University of Manchester where he is also Director of the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and Academic Director of the Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics. He is the author of Violence and Responsibility (1980), The Value of Life (1985), Wonderwoman and Superman (1992), and Clones, Genes and Immortality (1998). He has also co-edited Experiments on Embryos (1990), Ethics and Biotechnology (1994), and The Future of Human Reproduction (1998).

Table of Contents

List of Contributorsviii
Forewordxiv
Acknowledgmentsxvi
Introduction1
Part IGenetics: Setting the Scene
1Stem Cells7
2Gene Therapy for Neurological Disorders: New Therapies or Human Experimentation?18
3Cloning in Biology and Medicine: Clinical Opportunities and Ethical Concerns33
4The Genetics of Old Age43
Part IIGenetic Research
5The Ethical Legacy of Nazi Medical War Crimes: Origins, Human Experiments, and International Justice53
6Biotechnology and Animals: Ethical Issues in Genetic Engineering and Cloning70
7The Role of Informed Consent in Genetic Experimentation82
8Testing Children and Adolescents92
9Genetic Testing of Children: Who Should Consent?114
10Mapping the Human Genome and the Meaning of "Monster Mythology"127
Part IIIGene Manipulation and Gene Selection
11The Moral Status of the Gene147
12The Ethical Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells in Research and Therapy158
13Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Embryo Selection175
14Individual Autonomy and Genetic Choice191
15Cloning and Public Policy206
16Sex Selection: The Feminist Response216
17Creating Perfect People229
Part IVGenotype, Phenotype, and Justice
18Genetics and Personal Identity245
19Genetic Determinism and Gene Selectionism253
20The Darwin Wars and the Human Self-image271
21Religion and Gene Therapy: The End of One Debate, the Beginning of Another287
22"Race," Genetics, and Human Difference302
23Self-ownership, Begetting, and Germline Information317
24Justice, Genetics, and Lifestyles325
25Commercial Exploitation of the Human Genome334
Part VEthics, Law, and Policy
26Forensic DNA Typing349
27Privacy and Genetics364
28DNA Banking: A Retrospective-prospective379
29Genetic Difference in the Workplace387
30The Insurance Market and Discriminatory Practices398
31Legal and Ethical Issues in Biotechnology Patenting408
32Are Genes Inventions? An Ethical Analysis of Gene Patents420
33Property, Patents, and Genetic Material438
34Genetic Screening from a Public Health Perspective: Three "Ethical" Principles455
Afterword465
Index470

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