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A Companion to Genethics / Edition 1

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Overview

The completion of the human genome project in 2000 dramatically emphasized the imminent success of the genetic revolution. The ethical and social consequences of this scientific development are immense. From human reproduction to life-extending therapies, from the impact on gender and race to public health and public safety, there is scarcely a part of our lives left unaffected by the impact of the new genetics.

A Companion to Genethics is the first substantial study of the multifaceted dimensions of the genetic revolution and its philosophical, ethical, social, and political significance. It brings together the best and most influential contemporary writing about genethics. Newly commissioned essays from prominent figures in the current debate provide a wide-ranging and fascinating scholarly analysis of all the issues that arise from this explosive science.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“The editors are to be congratulated on compiling such a stimulating and provocative volume. This is for those who wish to examine the basis of human bioethics thoroughly, whether they be novice or expert. Those who think they have clear attitudes to many of the ethical and social issues raised by developments in human genetics are likely to be forced to rethink at least some of their positions by the challenging and well-presented arguments that have been gathered together here."

Angus Clarke, University of Wales

"This timely book makes clear that genetic research will transform healthcare, choices about children, and standards of property. The contributors here stake out key questions facing health professionals and social policy makers, and they have insightful things to say about how we should go about answering those questions."

Timothy F. Murphy, University of IllinoisCollege of Medicine at Chicago

" ... Genethics makes some important contributions, offering a primer on key aspects of contemporary genetics before focusing on some of the most important ethical, legal, economic, political issues facing researchers, politicians, and, to some extent, the general population ... The book's strengths are its multidisciplinary approach, the overall quality of its contributions, and the refusal of most contributors to oversimplify and risk the microdeterminism of many popular essays." Choice

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781405120289
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/2/2004
  • Series: Blackwell Companions to Philosophy Series , #65
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 508
  • Product dimensions: 6.85 (w) x 9.75 (h) x 1.58 (d)

Meet the Author

Justine Burley is Adjunct Associate Professor at the National University of Singapore. Most recently, she was a Lecturer at the University of Oxford. She served as Fellow of the Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics (1995-1998) at Oxford and as Simon Fellow at the University of Manchester (1998-2002). She is editor of The Genetic Revolution and Human Rights (1999) and Dworkin and His Critics (Blackwell, 2004).

John Harris is Sir David Alliance Professor of Bioethics at the University of Manchester where he is also Director of the Centre for Social Ethics and Policy and Academic Director of the Institute of Medicine, Law and Bioethics. He is the author of Violence and Responsibility (1980), The Value of Life (1985), Wonderwoman and Superman (1992), and Clones, Genes and Immortality (1998). He has also co-edited Experiments on Embryos (1990), Ethics and Biotechnology (1994), and The Future of Human Reproduction (1998).

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Table of Contents

List of Contributors viii
Foreword xiv
Acknowledgments xvi
Introduction 1
Part I Genetics: Setting the Scene
1 Stem Cells 7
2 Gene Therapy for Neurological Disorders: New Therapies or Human Experimentation? 18
3 Cloning in Biology and Medicine: Clinical Opportunities and Ethical Concerns 33
4 The Genetics of Old Age 43
Part II Genetic Research
5 The Ethical Legacy of Nazi Medical War Crimes: Origins, Human Experiments, and International Justice 53
6 Biotechnology and Animals: Ethical Issues in Genetic Engineering and Cloning 70
7 The Role of Informed Consent in Genetic Experimentation 82
8 Testing Children and Adolescents 92
9 Genetic Testing of Children: Who Should Consent? 114
10 Mapping the Human Genome and the Meaning of "Monster Mythology" 127
Part III Gene Manipulation and Gene Selection
11 The Moral Status of the Gene 147
12 The Ethical Use of Human Embryonic Stem Cells in Research and Therapy 158
13 Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis and Embryo Selection 175
14 Individual Autonomy and Genetic Choice 191
15 Cloning and Public Policy 206
16 Sex Selection: The Feminist Response 216
17 Creating Perfect People 229
Part IV Genotype, Phenotype, and Justice
18 Genetics and Personal Identity 245
19 Genetic Determinism and Gene Selectionism 253
20 The Darwin Wars and the Human Self-image 271
21 Religion and Gene Therapy: The End of One Debate, the Beginning of Another 287
22 "Race," Genetics, and Human Difference 302
23 Self-ownership, Begetting, and Germline Information 317
24 Justice, Genetics, and Lifestyles 325
25 Commercial Exploitation of the Human Genome 334
Part V Ethics, Law, and Policy
26 Forensic DNA Typing 349
27 Privacy and Genetics 364
28 DNA Banking: A Retrospective-prospective 379
29 Genetic Difference in the Workplace 387
30 The Insurance Market and Discriminatory Practices 398
31 Legal and Ethical Issues in Biotechnology Patenting 408
32 Are Genes Inventions? An Ethical Analysis of Gene Patents 420
33 Property, Patents, and Genetic Material 438
34 Genetic Screening from a Public Health Perspective: Three "Ethical" Principles 455
Afterword 465
Index 470
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