A Companion to the Roman Army / Edition 1

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This companion provides an extensive account of the Roman army, exploring its role in Roman politics and society as well as the reasons for its effectiveness as a fighting force.

  • An extensive account of the Roman army, from its beginnings to its transformation in the later Roman Empire
  • Examines the army as a military machine – its recruitment, training, organization, tactics and weaponry
  • Explores the relationship of the army to Roman politics, economics and society more broadly
  • Considers the geography and climate of the lands in which the Romans fought
  • Each chapter is written by a leading expert in a particular subfield and takes account of the latest scholarly and archaeological research in that area
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"It is an excellent academic reference book and should prove a valuable resource for anyone interested in the development of the Roman Army as well as its interactions over a thousand years with the Empire it both served and influenced". (UNRV History, 1 April 2011)
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Product Details

Meet the Author

Paul Erdkamp is Research Fellow in Ancient History at Leiden University. He is author of Hunger and the Sword: Warfare and Food Supply in Roman Republican Wars (264–30 BC) (1998) and The Grain Market in the Roman Empire (2005), and editor of The Roman Army and the Economy (2002).

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Table of Contents

List of Figures

Notes on Contributors


Part I: Early Rome:

1. Warfare and the Army in Early Rome: John Rich (University of Nottingham).

2. The Army and Centuriate Organization in Early Rome: Gary Forsythe (University of Lubbock).

Part II: Mid and Late Republic:

A. Battle, Tactices, and Legionary Structure.

3. Army and Battle During the Conquest of Italy (350–264 BC): Louis Rawlings (Cardiff University).

4. The Age of Overseas Expansion (264–146 BC): Dexter Hoyos (University of Sydney).

5. The Late Republican Army (146–30 BC): Pierre Cagniart (Texas State University at San Marcos).

B. The Machinery of War.

6. War and State Formation in the Roman Republic: Paul Erdkamp (University of Leiden).

7. Roman Manpower and Recruitment During the Middle Republic: Luuk de Ligt (University of Leiden).

8. Military Command, Political Power, and the Republican Elite: Nathan Rosenstein (Ohio State University).

9. Colonization, Land Distribution, and Veteran Settlement: Will Broadhead (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).

10. Army and General in the Late Roman Republic: Lukas de Blois (University of Nijmegen).

Part III: The Empire (Actium to Adrianople):

A. The Structure of the Imperial Army.

11. The Augustan Reform and the Structure of the Imperial Army: Kate Gilliver (University of Wales, Cardiff).

12. Classes. The Evolution of the Roman Imperial Fleets: D. B. Saddington (University of Witwatersrand, South Africa).

13. Battle, Tactics, and the Emergence of the Limites in the West: James Thorne (University of Manchester).

14. The Army and the Limes in the East: Everett L. Wheeler (Duke University).

15. Strategy and Army Structure: Between Septimius Severus and Constantine the Great: Karl Strobel (University of Klagenfurt).

B. Military Organization.

16. Military Documents, Languages, and Literacy: Sara Elise Phang (Independent scholar).

17. Finances and Costs of the Roman Army: Peter Herz (University of Regensburg).

18. War- and Peacetime Logistics: Supplying Armies in East and West: Peter Kehne (Leibniz University, Hannover).

C. Army, Emporer and Empire.

19. The Roman Army and Propaganda: Olivier Hekster (Radboud University Nijmegen).

20. The Army and the Urban Elite: A Competition for Power: Clifford Ando (University of Chicago).

21. Making Emperors. Imperial Instrument or Independent Force? Anthony R. Birley (Vindolanda Museum).

D. Soldiers and Veterans in Society.

22. Military Camps, Canabae and Vici. The archaeological evidence: Norbert Hanel (University of Koln).

23. Marriage, Families, and Survival: demographic aspects: Walter Scheidel (Stanford University).

24. Recruits and Veterans: Gabriele Wesch-Klein (University of Heidelberg).

25. The Religions of the Armies: Oliver Stoll (University of Mainz).

Part IV: The Late Roman Empire:

26. Warlords and Landlords: Wolf Liebeschuetz (University of Nottingham).

27. The Foederati: Timo Stickler (Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf).

28. Army and Society in the Late Roman World: A Context for Decline? Michael Whitby (University of Warwick).

29. Army and Battle in the Age of Justinian (527–565): Hugh Elton (Trent University).


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