Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World / Edition 1

Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World / Edition 1

by Steven Vogel, Annette Defarrari
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691112975

ISBN-13: 9780691112978

Pub. Date: 08/04/2003

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Why do you shift from walking to running at a particular speed? How can we predict transition speeds for animals of different sizes? Why must the flexible elastic of arterial walls behave differently than a rubber tube or balloon? How do leaves manage to expose a broad expanse of surface while suffering only a small fraction of the drag of flags in high

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Overview

Why do you shift from walking to running at a particular speed? How can we predict transition speeds for animals of different sizes? Why must the flexible elastic of arterial walls behave differently than a rubber tube or balloon? How do leaves manage to expose a broad expanse of surface while suffering only a small fraction of the drag of flags in high winds?

The field of biomechanics--how living things move and work--hasn't seen a new general textbook in more than two decades. Here a leading investigator and teacher lays out the key concepts of biomechanics using examples drawn from throughout the plant and animal kingdoms. Up-to-date and comprehensive, this is also the only book to give thorough coverage to both major subfields of biomechanics: fluid and solid mechanics.

Steven Vogel explains how biomechanics makes use of models and methods drawn from physics and mechanical engineering to investigate a wide range of general questions--from how animals swim and fly and the modes of terrestrial locomotion to the way organisms respond to wind and water currents and the operation of circulatory and suspension-feeding systems. He looks also at the relationships between the properties of biological materials--spider silk, jellyfish jelly, muscle, and more--and their various structural and functional roles.

While written primarily for biology majors and graduate students in biology, this text will be useful for physical scientists and engineers seeking a sense of the state of the art of biomechanics and a guide to its rather scattered literature. For a still wider audience, it establishes the basic biological context for such applied areas as ergonomics, orthopedics, mechanical prosthetics, kinesiology, sports medicine, and biomimetics.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691112978
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
08/04/2003
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
582
Sales rank:
1,197,631
Product dimensions:
8.30(w) x 10.20(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Pt. 1Life's Physical Context1
1Preambulations3
2Setting the Stage19
3Size and Scale43
4More Tools65
Pt. 2Fluids91
5Gases and Liquids: Fluids at Rest93
6Viscosity and the Patterns of Flow117
7The Forces of Flow139
8Fluid Events near Surfaces165
9Where Flows Are Inside187
10More about Circulatory Systems205
11Flows in Small Worlds227
12About Lift245
13Thrust for Flying and Swimming267
14Moving at the Air-Water Interface285
Pt. 3Solids and Structures299
15A Matter of Materials301
16Biological Materials: Tuning Properties Properly325
17More Complex Materials: Viscoelascity353
18Simple Structures: Beams, Columns, Shells365
19Less Simple Structural Matters389
20Hydrostatic Structures407
21Structural Systems423
22Achieving Motility443
23Using Muscle: Tuning and Transmissions463
24Getting Around on Land477
Pt. 4The Contexts of Biomechanics495
25Loose Ends and Perspectives497
List of Symbols519
References and Index of Citations521
Subject Index549

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