Comparative Criminal Justice Systems / Edition 3

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems / Edition 3

by Harry R. Dammer, Erika Fairchild
     
 

This text for upper-level undergraduates blends a strong emphasis on comparison among specific justice systems with the use of six model countries, each exemplifying a different justice system arrangement that affects the criminal process. Previous courses in introductory criminal justice and government are recommended, but for students without this background,… See more details below

Overview

This text for upper-level undergraduates blends a strong emphasis on comparison among specific justice systems with the use of six model countries, each exemplifying a different justice system arrangement that affects the criminal process. Previous courses in introductory criminal justice and government are recommended, but for students without this background, criminal justice topics are introduced in simple terms. This third edition contains new chapters on juvenile justice and organized crime, and revised material on terrorism. Dammer is affiliated with the University of Scranton. Annotation ©2005 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534615420
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
07/19/2005
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
456
Product dimensions:
7.40(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Part ISetting the Stage1
Chapter 1Introduction3
Defining Terms5
Why Compare Systems of and Issues in Criminal Justice?6
The Historical-Political Approach9
Model Systems10
Basic Values in the Criminal Justice System11
Political Culture Versus Politicized Justice11
The Plan of This Book12
Summary13
Discussion Questions13
For Further Reading13
Chapter 2Measuring and Comparing Crime in and Across Nations14
Why Measure Crime and Compare Crime Data?15
The Historical Background of International Crime Data16
The Different Kinds of Crime Data17
Limitations of International Crime Data25
How to Compare International Crime Data29
International Crime Rates30
The Exceptions: Countries with Low Crime Rates37
How Does the United States Measure Up?39
Summary41
Discussion Questions and Exercises41
For Further Reading41
Chapter 3Families of Law42
Ancient and Lesser-Employed Legal Systems44
Clarifying Terms46
The Civil Law47
The Common Law51
The Socialist Law54
The Islamic Law60
Summary62
Discussion Questions and Exercises63
For Further Reading63
Chapter 4Six Model Nations64
England66
France70
Germany73
China77
Japan81
Saudi Arabia85
Summary88
Discussion Questions89
For Further Reading89
Part IICriminal Justice Processes91
Chapter 5Law Enforcement: Functions, Organization, and Community Involvement93
Functions of Police94
Policing in the Model Countries96
Community Policing and Its Implementation in the Model Countries112
International Police Cooperation115
Summary117
Discussion Questions and Exercises117
For Further Reading118
Chapter 6Constitutional Review119
Judicial Review: An American Contribution to the Science of Government121
Other Possible Arrangements for Constitutional Review121
Constitutional Review and the Criminal Process122
Constitutional Review in the Model Countries123
Beyond Constitutional Review: Supranational Courts of Human Rights135
Summary137
Discussion Questions and Activities137
For Further Reading138
Chapter 7Criminal Procedure139
The Adversarial System140
Common Law Criminal Procedure142
The Inquisitorial System146
Civil Law Criminal Procedure147
Socialist Criminal Procedure151
Japan: The Hybrid Situation157
Islamic Criminal Procedure159
The Convergence of Systems161
Summary162
Discussion Questions162
For Further Reading162
Chapter 8Legal Actors164
The Legal Profession165
Key Issues in the Legal Profession168
Bureaucratic and Political Organization of Legal Actors170
The Legal Profession in the Model Systems of Justice172
Summary186
Discussion Questions187
For Further Reading187
Chapter 9Courts188
The Concept of a Court189
The Development of Courts in Western Nations190
The Study of Courts191
Courts in England192
Courts in France195
Courts in Germany199
Courts in China201
Courts in Japan203
Courts in Saudi Arabia207
Supranational Courts209
Summary212
Discussion Questions and Exercises213
For Further Reading213
Chapter 10After Conviction: The Sentencing Process214
The Purposes of Criminal Sanctions215
Sentencing Practices217
Corporal Punishment219
Noncustodial Sanctions222
Imprisonment229
The Death Penalty243
Public Opinion and Sentencing245
Summary247
Discussion Questions and Exercises248
For Further Reading248
Chapter 11After Conviction: The Problem of Prison249
The Evolution of Prison Systems251
Penal Policy in the Model Nations252
Prison Crowding267
Rights of Prisoners271
Summary274
Discussion Questions274
For Further Reading275
Part IIIModern Dilemmas in International Criminal Justice277
Chapter 12Terrorism279
The Historical Background of Terrorism280
Defining Terrorism281
The Goals of Terrorism281
The Prevalence of Terrorism282
Terrorist Groups283
Terrorism in the Model Nations288
Responses to International Terrorism294
The Future of Terrorism298
Summary298
Discussion Questions and Exercises299
For Further Reading299
Chapter 13Transnational Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking300
What Is Organized Crime?301
The Scope of the Organized Crime Problem Worldwide302
"Traditional" Criminal Syndicates303
"New" Organized Crime Groups308
The Organized Drug Trade311
Responses to Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking317
Summary320
Discussion Questions320
For Further Reading320
Chapter 14Contemporary Influences and Future Developments in Transnational Crime and Justice321
Convergence322
Cultural Persistence323
Political and Policy-Making Processes324
Looking to the Future325
Summary332
Discussion Questions332
For Further Reading332
Appendix ABasic Principles on the Role of Lawyers333
Appendix BStandard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners337
Appendix CDemographic Summaries339
Appendix DThe World's Legal Systems357
Glossary361
Works Cited373
Index387

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