Comparative Criminal Justice Systems / Edition 4

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Overview

Bestselling COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, 4/e delivers a comprehensive—and intriguing—analysis comparing the various criminal justice systems throughout the world. Thoroughly revised and up to date, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest trends, issues, and information on international criminal justice, transnational organized crime and corruption, terrorism, and international juvenile justice. The authors use six "model" countries—China, England, France, Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia—to illustrate the different types of law and justice systems in the context of specific countries, as well as the historical, political, economic, social, and cultural influences on each system.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780495809890
  • Publisher: Cengage Learning
  • Publication date: 8/13/2010
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 368
  • Sales rank: 573,911
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Harry R. Dammer, Ph.D., is professor and chair of Criminal Justice/Sociology at the University of Scranton. In addition to COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, he is also the author of RELIGION IN CORRECTIONS and THE OFFENDER IN THE COMMUNITY with Todd R. Clear, as well as many articles, manuals, and professional reports on a variety of criminal justice topics. A graduate of the Rutgers School of Criminal Justice, Dr. Dammer is active in numerous professional organizations, including the American Society of Criminology, the American Correctional Association, and the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences—where he served as chair of the International Section. He received two Fulbright Grants and has lectured at numerous professional conferences in Canada, South Korea, Hungary, Greece, Switzerland, Germany, England, Portugal, China, and Poland.

Jay S. Albanese, Ph.D., is a professor and criminologist in the Wilder School of Government & Public Affairs at Virginia Commonwealth University. From 2002-2006, he served as chief of the International Center at the National Institute of Justice, the research arm of the U.S. Department of Justice. Dr. Albanese has written and edited 14 books and 60 articles and book chapters. Recent books include COMPARATIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS, ORGANIZED CRIME IN OUR TIMES, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, and PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE: BEING ETHICAL WHEN NO ONE IS LOOKING. Recent edited books include TRANSNATIONAL CRIME and COMBATING PIRACY: INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY THEFT AND FRAUD. His honors include the 2011 Gerhard Mueller Award from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences International Section for outstanding contributions to comparative and international criminal justice, the Elske Smith Distinguished Lecturer Award from Virginia Commonwealth University, and the Scholar Award in Criminal Justice from the Virginia Social Science Association. Dr. Albanese has made keynote and invited presentations in 12 countries. A past president and fellow of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, he has served as executive director of the International Association for the Study of Organized Crime and president of the White Collar Crime Research Consortium. He received his Ph.D. from Rutgers University School of Criminal Justice.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction. Defining Terms. The Origins and Growth of Comparative Criminal Justice. Why Compare Systems of and Issues in Criminal Justice? The Historical-Political Approach. Model Systems. Basic Values in the Criminal Justice System. Political Culture versus Politicized Justice. The Plan of This Book. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Hotel Rwanda" (2005). Critical Thinking Exercise: Honor Killing. Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Web Pages for Chapter. 2. Measuring and Comparing Crime in and Across Nations. Why Measure Crime and Compare Crime Data? The Historical Background of International Crime Data. The Different Kinds of Crime Data. Limitations of International Crime Data. How to Compare International Crime Data. International Crime Rates. The Exception: Countries with Low Crime. How Does the United States Measure Up? Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Taken" (2008). Critical Thinking Exercise: Wales Has the Third Highest Rate of Violence? Discussion Questions and Exercises. For Further Reading. Web Pages for Chapter. 3. Families of Law. Ancient and Lesser-Employed Legal Traditions. Clarifying Terms. The Civil Law. The Common Law. The Socialist Law. The Sacred Law. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Slumdog Millionaire" (2008). Critical Thinking Exercise: Equal in China? Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Web Pages for Chapter. 4. Six Model Nations. Key Terms and Concepts. England. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. France. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. Germany. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. China. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. Japan. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. Saudi Arabia. Overview. Historical Developments. Crime. Criminal Law. The Criminal Justice System. Comparisons with the United States. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Crash" (2006). Critical Thinking Exercise: Oil Industry Faces Trial on Rights Abuses. Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. Part II: CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROCESSES. 5. Law Enforcement: Functions, Organization, and Community Involvement. Key Terms and Concepts. Functions of Police. Deviance Control. Civil Order Control. The Functional Organization of Police Forces. Comparing the Different Styles of Policing. Policing Styles. Community Policing. Zero Tolerance Policing. Proactive Policing. Peace Operations and Peacekeeping. Policing in the Model Countries. England. France. Germany. China. Japan. Saudi Arabia. Community Policing in the Model Countries. International Police Cooperation. Barriers to Cooperation. Changing Role of Police. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Rendition" (2007). Critical Thinking Exercise: Police Policy of Pay-for-sex Services is Challenged. Discussion Questions and Exercises. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 6. Criminal Procedure. Key Terms and Concepts. The Adversarial System. Common Law Criminal Procedure. The Right to Counsel. The Right to Remain Silent. The Right to Trial by Jury. The Right to Bail. The Differences in Criminal Procedure Rules in Common Law Countries. The Inquisitorial System. Civil Law Criminal Procedure. The Investigation. The Right to Counsel. The Right to Remain Silent. The Trial. Similarities and Differences Between the French, German, and American Systems. The Mixed Court. Socialist Criminal Procedure. Pretrial Investigation, Arrest, and Detention. The Right to Counsel. The Trial Process and Judicial Fairness. Distinctive Aspects of Socialist Law Procedure. Japan: The Hybrid Situation. Sacred (Islamic) Criminal Procedure. The Convergence of Systems. Constitutional Review. Constitutional Review in Model Countries. Beyond Constitutional Review: Supranational Courts of Human Rights. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Lord of War" (2005). Critical Thinking Exercise: Suspects Shot "Casing Videos". Discussion Questions and Activities. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 7. Courts and Adjudication. Key Terms and Concepts. The Legal Profession. Key Issues in the Legal Profession. The Concept of a Court. The Development of Courts in Western Nations. The Study of Courts. Courts and the Legal Profession in England. Courts and the Legal Profession in France. Courts and the Legal Profession in Germany. Courts and the Legal Profession in China. Courts and the Legal Profession in Japan. Courts and the Legal Profession in Saudi Arabia. Supranational Courts. Supranational Courts Today. The Development of the ECHR. International Court of Justice. Dealing with International Criminals: The ICTY, ICTR, and ICC. International Criminal Court. The Legal Jurisdiction of Supranational Courts. Future Developments in Supranational Courts. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Last King of Scotland" (2006). Critical Thinking Exercise: Questions about South Korea's Constitutional Court. Discussion Questions and Exercises. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 8. After Conviction: The Sentencing Process. Key Terms and Concepts. The Purposes of Criminal Sanctions. Sentencing Practices. Corporal Punishment. Noncustodial Sanctions. Monetary Sanctions. Fines. Day Fines. Confiscation and Forfeiture. Restitution and Community Service. Community Supervision. Probation. House Arrest. Electronic Monitoring. Exile. Warnings. Other punishments. Imprisonment. International Prison Data. Limits of International Prison Data. Commitment to Mental Hospitals. The Death Penalty. Public Opinion and Sentencing. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Traffic" (2001). Critical Thinking Exercise: A Possible Move from the Adversarial to the Inquisitorial Legal System? Discussion Questions and Exercises. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 9. Penal Policy and Prison Systems. Key Terms and Concepts. The Evolution of Prison Systems. Penal Policy in the Model Nations. England and Wales. France. Germany. China. Japan. Saudi Arabia. Prison Crowding. Prison Crowding Data. Effects of Prison Crowding. Solutions to Prison Crowding. Rights of Prisoners. Treatment of Offenders in the Custody of the United States. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Return to Paradise" (1998). Critical Thinking Exercise: The global shift against the death penalty. Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. PART III: MODERN DILEMMAS IN INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE. 10. Terrorism. Key Terms and Concepts. The Historical Background of Terrorism. Defining Terrorism. The Goals of Terrorism. The Prevalence of Terrorism. Terrorist Groups. Northern Ireland. Palestine. Al-Qaida. Terrorism in the Model Nations. Responses to International Terrorism. Foreign Policy. International Cooperation Strategies. Military and Police Detection and Apprehension Strategies. Adjudication. The Future of Terrorism. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Syriana" (2005). Critical Thinking Exercise: Fighting Terrorism through Anti-Drug Investigations? Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 11. Transnational Organized Crime and Corruption. Key Terms and Concepts. What is Organized Crime? The Scope of the Organized Crime Problem Worldwide. The Organized Crime Situation in Selected World Regions. Europe. Central Asia. Other World Regions. Corruption. Responses to Organized Crime. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Blood Diamond" (2006). Critical Thinking Exercise: International Money Laundering Scheme. Discussion Questions. For Further Reading. Relevant Web Pages. 12. Juvenile Justice in International Perspective. Key Terms and Concepts. What is Delinquency? Measuring Delinquency. Adjudicating Juveniles. The United Nations and Juvenile Justice. Correcting Juveniles: Punishment versus Rehabilitation. Delinquency Prevention Approaches. Juvenile Justice in Model Countries. England. France. Germany. Japan. China. Saudi Arabia. Future of Juvenile Justice. Summary. Comparative CJ at the Movies: "Midnight Express" (1978). Critical Thinking Exercise: United Nations Urged to End Executions of Juvenile Offenders. Discussion Questions. Relevant Web Pages. For Further Reading.

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