Comparative Public Policy : Patterns of Post-War Transformation

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Comparative Public Policy provides the first truly systematic and comprehensive account of the transformation of the postwar state in the advanced countries of the Western world. The author generates new research findings which show how the economic, social and political changes of the post-war era have reshaped modern public policy across the OECD region. Comparative Public Policy is essential reading for students and scholars who wish to understand the dynamics of contemporary social and political development.
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Editorial Reviews

Castles (political science, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National U.) offers a systematic account of the growth of government and the emergence of the modern welfare state, based on analysis of data covering some 30 years for 21 nations and 12 policy areas. The study examines the ways in which the role of the state has affected labor markets and such personal issues as home ownership, fertility, and divorce. In addition, it addresses such issues as why the trajectory of policy transformation has varied from country to country and throughout time throughout the Western nations. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781858988160
  • Publisher: Elgar, Edward Publishing, Inc.
  • Publication date: 1/1/1998
  • Pages: 352

Table of Contents

List of figures
List of tables
Prefatory note and acknowledgements
1 Making sense of post-war public policy 1
Objectives and approaches 1
Structure and content 5
Logic and method 12
Problems and choices 18
2 Economy and society 25
The legacy of World War II 27
Post-war economic growth 32
Trade amongst nations 36
Occupational structure 40
Urbanization 44
Ageing of the population 48
The religious factor 52
3 Institutions and ideology 59
Democratization 60
Class politics 65
Left incumbency 70
Right incumbency 74
Institutions, constitutions and treaties 78
A fractured modernity 85
4 The causes of big government 97
The total outlays of government 100
The total receipts of government 119
Civilian public consumption expenditure 128
5 The welfare state 146
Social security transfers 149
Public health expenditure 162
Public education expenditure 174
6 The state and the labour market 195
Male labour force participation 197
Female labour force participation 213
Unemployment 227
7 Public policy and the personal 248
Home ownership 249
Fertility 264
Divorce 278
8 Patterns of post-war public policy 300
Does modernity matter? 301
When and why politics matters 306
On patterns of convergence and catch-up 312
Concerning family matters 316
The future of the state 321
References 324
Index 343
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