Compelled Compassion: Government Intervention in the Treatment of Critically Ill Newborns / Edition 1by Arthur L. Caplan, Robert H. Blank, Janna C. Merrick
In April 1982, an infant boy was born in Bloomington, Indiana, with Down syndrome and a defective, but surgically correctable, esophagus. His parents refused to consent to surgery or intravenous feeding. The hospital unsuccessfully sought a court order to force treatment, and appeals to higher courts also failed. The child, identified as Baby Doe by the news media,… See more details below
In April 1982, an infant boy was born in Bloomington, Indiana, with Down syndrome and a defective, but surgically correctable, esophagus. His parents refused to consent to surgery or intravenous feeding. The hospital unsuccessfully sought a court order to force treatment, and appeals to higher courts also failed. The child, identified as Baby Doe by the news media, subsequently died. The events in Bloomington became the catalyst for action by the Reagan administration, the courts, and Congress that culminated in a federal policy that makes failure to treat newborns with disabilities a form of child neglect. This book centers on the public policy aspects of withholding treatment from critically ill newborns who are disabled. Specifically, it deals with why the policy was enacted and what impact it has had on health care workers, families, and infants. Some of the contributors to this book spearheaded the early debate on withholding treatment. Anthony Shaw's New York Times Magazine article in 1972 was the first to address these issues in the popular press. The following year, he published a related article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Also appearing in this same issue of NEJM, was the pathbreaking study, coauthored by A. G. M. Campbell, on withholding treatment in the special care nursery at Yale-New Haven Hospital. Each of these articles promoted much public and professional discussion.
- Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
- Publication date:
- Contemporary Issues in Biomedicine, Ethics, and Society Series
- Edition description:
- Product dimensions:
- 9.21(w) x 6.14(h) x 0.81(d)
Table of ContentsLife-and-Death Decisions in the Midst of Uncertainty.- Conflict, Compromise, and Symbolism: The Politics of the Baby Doe Debate.- A Legal Analysis of the Child Abuse Amendments of 1984.- Hard Cases Make Bad Law: The Legacy of the Baby Doe Controversy.- Parental Perspectives on Treatment-Nontreatment Decisions Involving Newborns with Spina Bifida.- Rationing Medicine in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU).- Baby Doe and Me: A Personal Journey.- Baby Doe and Forgoing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Compassion, Discrimination, or Medical Neglect?.- Neonatologists, Pediatricians, and the Supreme Court Criticize the “Baby Doe” Regulations.- The Impact of the Child Abuse Amendments on Nursing Staff and Their Care of Handicapped Newborns.- Infant Care Review Committees in the Aftermath of Baby Doe.- Decision Making in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: The Impact of the 1984 Child Abuse Amendments.- Appendix: Chronology of Events Related to Passage of the 1984 Child Abuse Amendments.- Biographies.
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