- Shopping Bag ( 0 items )
In Competition in Telecommunications, Jean-Jacques Laffont and Jean Tirole analyze regulatory reform and the emergence of competition in network industries using the state-of-the-art theoretical tools of industrial organization, political economy, and the economics of incentives.The book opens with background information for the reader who is unfamiliar with current issues in the telecommunications industry. The following sections focus on four central aspects of the recent deregulatory movement: the introduction of incentive regulation; one-way access; the special nature of competition in an industry requiring two-way access; and universal service, in particular, the use of engineering models to compute subsidies and the design of universal service auctions.
While not necessarily representative of the network industries, the telecommunications sector is fascinating in many respects. First, technology is progressing rapidly. "In the old days" (a few years ago) the cozy monopolists who ran the industry offered a small variety of "POTS" (plain old telephone services) such as local, long-distance, and international calls. The advent of high-capacity and intelligent networks has multiplied the number of offerings, or "PANS" (pretty amazing newservices, such as calling cards, toll-free or paying numbers to call businesses, name or number identification, voice messaging, routing of calls, facsimile, data transfers, home banking, video on demand, videoconferencing, and Internet services).
Second, the industry structure too is evolving rapidly. Networks proliferate, and they need to be interconnected: public switched telephone networks, cable companies, competitive access providers, mobile operators, local area networks linking computers, Internet service providers.
With digital technology, telecommunications, cable TV, broadcasting, and computers have become a single industry, which will be a critical element of our economies' backbone. New entrants, such as software companies, information service providers, and media, as well as infrastructure owners (electricity, gas, water, and railroad companies) who can lay telecommunications cables along their networks, are preparing themselves to tap the new markets. With the impending opening of competition, industrial restructuring is progressing at a fast pace. Through mergers and alliances, telecommunications operators are preparing themselves to offer the full range of services. "One-stop shopping" will enable business and residential users to purchase all services from a single supplier. Forty- to sixtybillion-dollar mergers have become commonplace in the United States.
On the economic front, to which we will naturally devote our attention, two fundamental reforms have been or are being implemented. First, incumbent operators are being privatized and are provided with better incentives to minimize cost, as well as more flexibility to rebalance rates in conformity with business and economic principles. Second, markets have been largely deregulated in Anglo-Saxon countries and were legally liberalized in continental Europe on January 1, 1998. Similar reforms are taking place in other network industries such as electricity, gas, railroads, and postal services.
The economics of incentives and organization, political economy, and the new theory of industrial organization all can help us understand regulatory reforms in these industries and their impact on economic efficiency Economists have been at the forefront of the incentives reform. They are currently playing an important role in designing the competitive environment, although, as we will argue, their deregulatory fervor is often guided more by a gut feeling that competition is efficient than by a clear conceptual framework embodying the specificities of these industries. The telecommunications or electricity market is not the same as the wheat or restaurant market, and competition there does not come about as easily...
|Laudation for Jean Tirole|
|1||Setting the Stage||1|
|3||Essential Facility and One-Way Access: Theory||97|
|4||Essential Facility and One-Way Access: Policy||137|
|5||Multiple Bottlenecks and Two-Way Access||179|
The lectures are held at the Center for Economic Studies of the University of Munich. They introduce areas of recent or potential interest to a wide audience in a nontechnical way and combine theoretical depth with policy relevance.