Competitive Cost-Based Pricing Systems For Modern Manufacturing

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In an era of fierce international competition, manufacturing firms must have a thorough understanding of their cost structure and how that structure relates to pricing and product mix decisions. Two competing conceptual approaches to designing product cost systems that support decision making are Activity-based Costing and the Theory of Constraints. Rather than argue in favor of one to the exclusion of the other, Robert J. Campbell presents a new approach to cost system design that combines the strengths of each school of thought, thereby overcoming the significant limitations of each. The need to price the product mix in order to exploit constrained resources is advocated by the Theory of Constraints, while the need to examine resource consumption from activities, both value adding and non-value adding, to support the principles of JIT is advocated by Activity-based Costing.

After examining the nature of a firm's cost structure as it relates to the activities performed by various functional areas, Campbell discusses the development of activity-based cost systems through an extensive example. Activity-based costing can lead to building excessively complex accounting systems that lack focus and provide confusion about short-run versus long-run changes in the cost structure. After a chapter examining short-run cost behavior and cost relationships, an in-depth discussion of the Theory of Constraints and how it is contrasted to, and complemented by, activity-based costing follows. In these middle chapters the strengths of each methodology are identified and combined into a unified approach to product cost systems. Later chapters provide discussion on pricing strategies, customer profitability analysis, and providing cost measures that recognize either loss of learning or volume-related efficiencies in machine-paced organizations. This book is an important resource for executives or consultants seeking to implement new cost management systems that lead to improved decision making, as well as for educators seeking to reconcile and understand Activity-based Costing and the Theory of Constraints.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780899306537
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 10/30/1992
  • Pages: 274
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

ROBERT J. CAMPBELL is a Professor of Accountancy at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He has served as a consultant with a number of manufacturing firms and has published in journals such as Management Accounting, Journal of Cost Management, the CPA Journal, and Internal Auditing. One of his articles, "Strategic Pricing in the Automative Glass Industry" is currently used by the Goldratt Institute in its national Executive Decision Making training workshops.

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Table of Contents

1 The Importance of Competitive Pricing 1
2 Making the Firm's Cost Structure Competitive 11
3 Activity-Based Costing 41
4 Marginal Costing 77
5 The Theory of Constraints and Product Costing 119
6 Integrating the Theory of Constraints and Activity Costing 155
7 Developing Strategic Cost Standards in a Machine-Paced Environment 191
8 Learning Curves: The Reduction of Unit Labor Costs 209
9 Cost-Based Pricing Strategy in the Automotive Glass Industry 237
Index 255
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