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The Complete Black Book Of Russian Jewry / Edition 1

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Overview

The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewryis a collection of eyewitness testimonies, letters, diaries, affidavits, and other documents on the activities of the Nazis against Jews in the camps, ghettoes, and towns of Eastern Europe. Arguably, the only apt comparism is to The Gulag Archipelago of Alexander Solzhenitsyn. This definitive edition of The Black Book, including for the first time materials omitted from previous editions, is a major addition to the literature on the Holocaust. It will be of particular interest to students, teachers, and scholars of the Holocaust and those interested in the history of Europe.

By the end of 1942, 1.4 million Jews had been killed by the Einsatzgruppen that followed the German army eastward; by the end of the war, nearly two million had been murdered in Russia and Eastern Europe. Of the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust, about one-third fell in the territories of the USSR. The single most important text documenting that slaughter is The Black Book, compiled by two renowned Russian authors Ilya Ehrenburg and Vasily Grossman. Until now, The Black Book was only available in English in truncated editions. Because of its profound significance, this new and definitive English translation of The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry is a major literary and intellectual event.

From the time of the outbreak of the war, Ehrenburg and Grossman collected the eyewitness testimonies that went into The Black Book. As early as 1943 they were planning its publication; the first edition appeared in 1944. During the years immediately after the war, Grossman assisted Ehrenburg in compiling additional materials for a second edition, which appeared in 1946 (in English as well as Russian).

Since the fall of the Soviet regime, Irina Ehrenburg, the daughter of Ilya Ehrenburg, has recovered the lost portions of the manuscript sent to Yad Vashem. The texts recovered by Ms. Ehrenburg include numerous documents that had been censored from the original manuscript, as well as items that had been hidden by the Grossman family. In addition, she verified and, where appropriate, corrected the accuracy of documents that had already appeared in earlier editions of The Black Book.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Outstanding Title! Originally scheduled for publication in 1947 by the Soviet government, the Jewish authors of this volume became victims of Stalin's antisemitic purge following the end of WW II, and the book was forbidden publication… Based on eyewitness testimonies, letters, diaries, and other documentary evidence, the book describes in detail the Nazi massacres at Babi Yar, Minsk, Auschwitz, Treblinka, Vilnius, and other areas of German-occupied Russia and Poland. This new and definitive English translation is a major literary and intellectual event and will remain the indispensable account of the Nazi genocide against the Jews in the Soviet Union, where about one-third of the six million Jews who died in the Holocaust were annihilated by the Germans. Of particular use to students, teachers, and scholars of the Holocaust, this book should be included in all library collections. All levels.” —J. Fischel, Choice "Only the most benighted Holocaust denier could read this volume without flinching. For the rest of us this is history almost to raw for us to digest." – TLS "You and Transaction are making an enormous contribution to the historical record by publishing the text of The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry in English." – Professor Joshua Rubenstein, Harvard University, Davis Center for Russian Studies "[The Complete Black Book of Russian Jewry] can claim to be the most complete of all: it contains the full "official" text as well as all the materials that Soviet censorship excised in the main accounts of local collaboration. It is a translation of the Russian text published in Vilnius in 1993 (although without the photo-documentation of that edition). In this edition, materials that were removed by the censor are included in brackets." – John D. Klier, Journal of Modern History "This book details the horrors of the atrocities that the Germans inflicted on the Jews—the humiliation and torture and mass murder, and the horror of their plans to commit such acts against humanity....Reading this book is a harrowing experience." – Jewish Currents
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780765805430
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 6/1/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 628
  • Sales rank: 599,801
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.27 (d)

Meet the Author

Ilya Ehrenburg (1891-1967) was a Soviet novelist and journalist. He is best known for his six volumes of memoirs.

Vasily Grossman (1905-1964) was a major Soviet writer. His most important novel is Life and Fate.

David Patterson is Bornblum Chair of Judaic Studies at the University of Memphis. He is the author of numerous books and articles on the Holocaust, and has won the Koret Jewish Book Award.

Irving Louis Horowitz (1929-2012) was Hannah Arendt Distinguished University Professor Emeritus of Sociology and Political Science at Rutgers University. He was the founder and served as chairman of the board and editorial director of Transaction Publishers. A prolific writer, he authored more than fifty books, as well as hundreds of articles and essays.

David Patterson is Bornblum Chair of Judaic Studies at the University of Memphis. He is the author of numerous books and articles on the Holocaust, and has won the Koret Jewish Book Award.

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Table of Contents

Translator's Preface i
Foreword v
Introduction xiii
Introduction to the Russian Edition xvii
From the Editors of The Black Book xxi
Preface xxiii
Part 1 The Ukraine
Kiev: Babi Yar, an article based on documentary materials and depositions from the people of Kiev 3
The Murder of the Jews of Berdichev 12
Talnoe 20
Resistance in Yarmolitsy (Kamenets, Podolsk District) 21
How the Woman Dr. Langman Perished (Sorochitsy) 21
In the Town of Chmelnik (Vinnitsa District) 22
In the Village of Yaryshev 27
In the Settlement of Tsybulevo 28
In the Village of Yaltushkov 28
In My Hometown (Brailov) 29
What I Survived in Kharkov 37
Pyotr Chepurenko, Witness to the Piryatin Massacre 41
The Death of the Jewish Collective Farm Workers in Zelenopol 41
Letters from Dnepropetrovsk, Letters from the Indikt couple 42
The Day of 13 October 1941 46
The Story of A. M. Burtseva 46
The Story of I. A. Revenskaya 47
The Story of B. I. Tartakovskaya 48
A Letter from Military Officer Granovsky (Ekaterinopol) 49
The Diary of Sarra Gleikh (Mariupol) 50
Odessa 55
Chernovitsy under the German-Romanian Occupation 65
The Story of Rakhil Fradis-Milner (Chernovitsy) 70
The Extermination of the Jews of Lvov 76
Thirteen Days in Hiding: The Story of Lily Herts (Lvov) 86
My Comrade the Partisan Yakov Barer (A Letter from Boris Khandros) 91
In the Penyatsky Forests: A Letter from an Intelligence Officer (Lvov District) 92
The Germans in Radzivillov (Krasnoarmeisk) 93
A Letter from Syunya Deresh (Izyaslav) 98
Letters from Orphans 99
German-Romanian Brutality in Kishinev (Moldavia) 99
Part 2 Belorussia
The Minsk Ghetto 109
Leaders of the Underground Fighters in the Minsk Ghetto 138
The Young Women from Minsk 154
The Story of an Old Man 155
In the Village of Gory 158
The Murder of the Jews of Glubokoe and Other Villages 159
The Story of Engineer Pikman from Mozyr 169
The Story of Dr. Olga Goldfain 172
Brest 176
The Tragedy of My Life 184
A Letter from Red Army Soldier Gofman (Krasnopole, Mogilev District) 185
In the Pit 185
The Story of a Little Girl from Bialystok 187
Liozno 187
Letters from Belorussian Children (From the Starye Zhuravli Settlement, Gomel District) 188
A Letter Written by Zlata Vishnyatskaya Prior to Her Death 189
The Temchin Family from Slutsk (Passages from Letters Received by the Pilot Efim Temchin) 190
From Materials Compiled by the Special State Commission on the Verification and Investigation of Atrocities of Committed by the German-Fascist Invaders 193
In Bialystok 197
The "Brenners" of Bialystok: The Story of Two Workers in the City of Bialystok, Shimon Amiel and Zalman Edelman 203
Part 3 The Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic
The Smolensk Area 211
Shamovo 211
Krasny 212
The Fate of Isaak Rozenberg 213
Rostov on the Don 214
Doctor Kremenchuzhsky 217
"Where Are They Taking Us?" 217
In Stavropol 218
The Germans in Kislovodsk 219
Essentuki 222
The Story of Iosif Vaingertner, a Fisherman from Kerch 223
Yalta 227
Fishgoit's Report 227
Murder in Dzhankoy 231
How Dr. Fidelev Was Murdered 233
The Painter Zhivotvorsky 235
Part 4 Lithuania
The Vilna Ghetto 241
The First Days 241
The "Hunters" 243
In the Lukishki Prison 243
Schweinberger 245
Ponary 246
Three Stories of People Saved from Death 246
1. The Story of Motel Gdud 246
2. The Story of Khiena Katz 247
3. The Story of Solomon Garbel 248
Murer 249
Schweinberger's Successor Martin Weiss 250
The Fate of the Elderly 252
Degner 252
Grounds for the Arrest of Jews 252
Weiss's Inoculations against Typhus 253
The Story of Fruma-Riva Burshtein of Novogrudok 253
Golda Krizhevskaya 254
The Extermination of the Children in the HKP Camp 255
Shmulik Kotlyar 256
Leibl Finkelshtein 257
The Fate of the Children Who Were Taken Away 257
Clothing 257
Kittel 258
In Alfred Rosenberg's Office 262
Martyrs of the Ghetto 265
Tiktin 265
Levitskaya 266
A Mathematician 267
The United Partisan Organization of the Vilna Ghetto (UPO) 268
The First Proclamation 268
Weapons 270
The Struggle Has Begun 272
Sabotage 274
Ties with Other Cities 276
The Underground Printing Press 277
Close Friendships 279
Aid to Prisoners of War and the Families of Soviet Soldiers 281
How We Celebrated May Day 1943 283
Isaak Vitenberg 283
"Liza Calls" 285
Fallen Heroes 287
The Struggle Continues in the Forest 288
The Last Act of the Tragedy 291
Digging Out and Escape 292
The Diary of E. Yerushalmi of Siauliai (Shavli) 294
From the Editors 294
From the Editors 295
A Brief Account of Events that Took Place from 28 June to 23 November 1941 296
The Ghetto 296
From the Diary 300
The Death Forts of Kovno (Kaunas) 314
The Seventh Fort 314
The Fourth Fort 315
The Sixth Fort 316
The Ninth Fort 316
1. The Mass Murder of Kovno Residents in the Fall of 1941 316
2. The Mass Murder of People Transported from Germany and Other West European Countries 318
3. The Destruction of Mass Graves 318
4. The Escape of Prisoners from the Ninth Fort 322
5. The Ninth Fort After the Prisoners' Escape 324
6. The Last Traces of the Crimes 325
The Kovno Ghetto Fighters 326
Doctor Elena Buividaite-Kutorgene 333
From the Diary of Doctor Elena Buividaite-Kutorgene (June - December 1941) 335
The Fate of the Jews of Telshiai: The Story of Galina Masyulis and Susanna Kogan 368
Part 5 Latvia
Riga 379
1. The Germans Enter the City 379
2. Night over Riga 381
3. The First Days of the Occupation 382
4. The Ghetto 386
5. Aktion 387
6. "Deportation" from the Ghetto 391
7. The Jews from Germany 392
8. The Salaspils Concentration Camp 394
From the Notebook of the Sculptor Elik Rivosh (Riga) 396
The Story of Sema Shpungin (Dvinsk) 411
Part 6 The Soviet People are United
A Letter from Officers Levchenko, Borisov, and Chesnokov (Lopavshi, Rovno District) 419
The Peasant Woman Zinaida Vashchishina (Dombrovitsy, Rovno District) 420
Collective Farmer Yuliya Kukhta Saved Jewish Children 421
I Was Adopted by the Lukinsky Family: A Report by Polina Ausker-Lukinskaya 422
The Teachers Golneva, Terekhova, and Timofeeva 425
The Bookkeeper Zirchenko 426
The Story of F. M. Gontova 426
One Survived: The Story of Evsey Efimovich Gopstein 427
The Orthodox Priest Glagolev 430
The Roman Catholic Priest Bronyus Paukshtis 435
Part 7 The Annihilation Camps
Ponary: The Story of Engineer Yu. Farber 439
In the Khorol Concentration Camp 453
The Camp at Klooga (Estonia) 457
From the Editors 457
Zaintraub, a Student from the Vilnius University 457
Anolik 459
E. Yerushalmi 460
Vatsnik 461
Benyamin Anolik, Junior 462
Treblinka 462
The Children from the Black Road 483
The Uprising at Sobibor 487
The Report of the Special State Commission for the Verification and Investigation of Atrocities Committed by the German Fascist Invaders and Their Accomplices in the Monstrous Crimes of the German Government in Auschwitz 500
Reichsfuhrer SS Himmler, Organizer of the Auschwitz Annihilation Camp 501
German Fascist Professors and Physicians: Murderers of the Prisoners in Auschwitz 503
At Auschwitz the German Executioners Murdered Citizens of Every Country in Europe 506
Auschwitz: The Mass Production of Death 507
Murderers of Children 510
The Extermination of the Intelligentsia 511
The Hitlerite Plunderers 512
The Hitlerite Thugs Murdered More than Four Million People in Auschwitz 513
Calling the German-Fascists to a Serious Accounting 514
A Girl from Auschwitz (No. 74233) 514
Twenty-Six Months in Auschwitz: The Story of Mordecai Tsirulnitsky, Former Inmate No. 79414 522
1. In the Village of Ostrino 522
2. In the Kelbasino Camp 524
3. The First Months in Auschwitz 524
4. At the Factory 528
The Story of Former Prisoner of War M. Scheinman 532
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 542
Part 8 Executioners
The Racial Politics of Hitlerism and Anti-Semitism 561
Himmler's Order (From Freies Deutschland, No. 23, 19 December 1943) 564
Text of a German Dispatch Found in the Region of Rossoshi among Staff Documents of the 15th German Police Regiment, Concluding Report 564
Executioners 566
From the Deposition of Captain Salog, Police Regiment Commander 567
Excerpts from the Diary of Prisoner of War Karl Johannes Drexel, Lance Corporal 574
From the Deposition of Private First Class Christian Farber 574
An Excerpt from the Protocol of the Cross-Examination of the Prisoner of War Lance Corporal Erich Heubaum 575
From the Deposition of the Prisoner of War Corporal Heinrich Michael Wenkriech 576
From the Deposition of Wolfgang Janiko 577
From the Protocol of the Cross-Examination of the Prisoner of War Private First Class Albert Ender 577
Protocol of the Interrogation of Wilhelm Sudbrak 578
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