Complexity and Industrial Clusters: Dynamics and Models in Theory and Practice

Overview

The system of Italian industrial districts seems to have produced a "model of capitalism" that is different from those of the "Anglo-Saxon" and "Rhine Valley". However, the Italian model - which might be defined as "horizontal or network capitalism" - is not limited to Italy. Starting from a detailed look at the relations between general theories of complexity and an analysis of the economic dynamics of industrial clusters, this volume considers two different applications. Firstly, models of industrial clusters, ...

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Overview

The system of Italian industrial districts seems to have produced a "model of capitalism" that is different from those of the "Anglo-Saxon" and "Rhine Valley". However, the Italian model - which might be defined as "horizontal or network capitalism" - is not limited to Italy. Starting from a detailed look at the relations between general theories of complexity and an analysis of the economic dynamics of industrial clusters, this volume considers two different applications. Firstly, models of industrial clusters, and secondly, success cases of clusters around the world. The volume includes papers from well-known international authors, among others Gell-Mann (Physics Nobel Price), Sabel and Dosi.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction: From Specific Industrial Cases to a General Economic Model? 1
What Is Complexity? 13
Complex Adaptive Systems and Spontaneous Emergence 25
The Industrial Cluster as a Complex Adaptive System 35
Complexity and Local Interactions: Towards a Theory of Industrial Districts 65
From Marshall's to the Italian "Industrial Districts". A Brief Critical Reconstruction 83
Diversity, Not Specialization: The Ties That Bind the (New) Industrial District 107
Competitive and Synergic Behaviours in the Development of Industrial Clusters: Ecological Modelling and Empirical Evidence 123
On the Ubiquitous Nature of Agglomeration Economies and Their Diverse Determinants: Some Notes 167
The Entrepreneurial Spark: Individual Agents and the Formation of Innovative Clusters 195
From Exogenous to Endogenous Local Development: The Cases of the Toulouse and Sophia Antipolis Technopoles 213
Biotechnology Development in Germany: The Case of Nordrhein-Westfalen 239
Support for Technology-Based Firms: The Role Played by Property-Based Science Parks 249
High-Tech Industrial Clusters in the Asian Countries: The Case of the Electronics Industry in the Hsinchu-Taipei Region 267
Financial Markets, Industrial Clusters and Small and Medium-Size Enterprises 291
List of Authors 301
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