Comprehension of Graphics

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Overview

Graphic displays such as charts, graphs, diagrams, and maps play in important role today in the design and presentation of instructional materials education. There is also a strong need in scientific, technical and administrative fields to visually present facts, laws, principles etc. The increasing use of computer-based learning environments has also become an important field where the visual presentation of information plays a central role. Despite the importance of graphical displays as a means of communication and the fact that research about learning and cognition has advanced rapidly in the past two decades, the comprehension of graphics is still a rather unexplored area.

The comprehension of graphics is not only a stimulating topic in the fields of science and instructional psychology, but also in related disciplines such as semiotics, and artificial intelligence. Research on the comprehension of graphics complements the scientific investigation of cognitive processes in text comprehension, which has contributed much to our understanding of human cognition and learning. Ultimately, a better understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the comprehension of graphics will have an impact not only on cognitive theory, but also on educational practice.

Graphic displays such as charts, graphs, diagrams, and maps play in important role today in the design and presentation of instructional materials education. There is also a strong need in scientific, technical and administrative fields to visually present facts, laws, principles etc. The increasing use of computer-based learning environments has also become an important field where the visual presentation of information plays a central role. Despite the importance of graphical displays as a means of communication and the fact that research about learning and cognition has advanced rapidly in the past two decades, the comprehension of graphics is still a rather unexplored area.

The comprehension of graphics is not only a stimulating topic in the fields of science and instructional psychology, but also in related disciplines such as semiotics, and artificial intelligence. Research on the comprehension of graphics complements the scientific investigation of cognitive processes in text comprehension, which has contributed much to our understanding of human cognition and learning. Ultimately, a better understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the comprehension of graphics will have an impact not only on cognitive theory, but also on educational practice

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Explores some of what is known about the cognitive and learning mechanisms underlying the perception of graphic displays increasingly used as integral parts of instructional materials and professional communication in almost every field of endeavor. The 18 papers, from a conference in Tubingen, Germany, October 1991, cover graphical codes and graphics processing, graphics and mental representations, differential and developmental aspects, and instructional aspects. Individual topics include spatial metaphors, maps, size in picture and text, the mnemonic benefit of pictures, and received graphics supplanting mental images. French summaries follow each paper. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780444817921
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 8/1/1994
  • Series: Advances in Psychology Series , #108
  • Pages: 344
  • Product dimensions: 0.94 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 9.21 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgements
List of Contributors
1 Contributions of Perceptual and Cognitive Processes to the Comprehension of Graphics 3
2 Codes of Instructional Pictures 29
3 Spatial Metaphors and Logical Pictures 43
4 Comprehending and Using Maps: Are there Two Modes of Map Processing? 63
5 Identifying and Simulating Cognitive Strategies for the Description of Spatial Networks 77
6 Representation and Processing of the Spatial Layout of Objects with Verbal and Nonverbal Input 97
7 Size in Picture and Text 113
8 Visual Aids to Knowledge Construction: Building Mental Representations from Pictures and Words 125
9 Illustrations, Mental Models, and Comprehension of Instructional Text 139
10 Reference Maps as a Framework for Remembering Text 153
11 The Mnemonic Benefit of Pictures in Text: Selective Enrichment for Differentially Skilled Readers 165
12 The Use of Graphics and Texts in Constructing Mental Models 185
13 Cognitive Processes in Understanding Line Graphs 207
14 On Children's Understanding of an Economic Concept: The Role of Graphics in Evaluation 227
15 Visualized Analogies and Memory for New Information in First Graders 251
16 The Supplantation of Mental Images through Graphics: Instructional Effects on Spatial Visualization Skills of Adults 271
17 Enhancing Graphic-Effects in Instructional Texts: Influencing Learning Activities 291
18 Systematic Forced Processing of Text and Graphic Information 303
Concluding Remarks 321
Author Index 327
Subject Index 341
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