Comprehensive Radiographic Pathology / Edition 5

Comprehensive Radiographic Pathology / Edition 5

by Ronald L. Eisenberg, Nancy M. Johnson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0323078478

ISBN-13: 9780323078474

Pub. Date: 10/12/2011

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

Offering a foundation in the basic principles of pathology, this book focuses on the radiographic appearances of diseases and injuries that are most likely to be diagnosed with medical imaging. It offers everything you need to know about pathology imaging, including disease processes, radiographic appearance, and treatment. Updated and revised, this edition provides

Overview

Offering a foundation in the basic principles of pathology, this book focuses on the radiographic appearances of diseases and injuries that are most likely to be diagnosed with medical imaging. It offers everything you need to know about pathology imaging, including disease processes, radiographic appearance, and treatment. Updated and revised, this edition provides hundreds of illustrations and current information to help you meet the challenge of today's radiography.

Inside you'll find: Hundreds of high-quality illustrations of the radiographic appearance of various disease processes. A body systems approach that makes information easy to find and understand. New imaging modalities, including SPECT, PET, CT, MR, ultrasound, and fusion. New pathologies, including hepatitis variations, SARS, anthrax, and Marfan's syndrome. Radiographer Notes in every chapter that provide helpful suggestions for producing optimal radiographs for each organ system and discuss how to handle the needs of different patients. Thorough coverage of alternative imaging modalities that may be needed to ensure proper diagnosis. Treatment sections with useful background on various pathologies. An expanded discussion of how CT and MR scans are used in diagnosis. Summary tables listing diseases, their locations, radiographic appearance, and treatment. An extensive glossary and a list of major prefixes, roots, and suffixes with definitions and examples.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780323078474
Publisher:
Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
10/12/2011
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
496
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.80(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents


Introduction to Pathology     1
Disease     2
Inflammation     2
Edema     5
Ischemia and infarction     5
Hemorrhage     6
Alterations of cell growth     7
Neoplasia     7
Hereditary Diseases     10
Disorders of immunity     11
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome     12
Hepatitis     13
Specialized Imaging Techniques     16
Diagnostic Imaging Modalities     17
Ultrasound     18
Computed tomography     21
Magnetic resonance imaging     23
Nuclear medicine     30
Single-photon emission computed tomography     30
Positron emission tomography     32
Fusion imaging     34
Respiratory System     39
Physiology of the Respiratory System     42
Congenital/Hereditary Diseases     42
Cystic fibrosis     42
Hyaline membrane disease     44
Inflammatory Disorders of the Upper Respiratory System     44
Croup     44
Epiglottitis     45
Inflammatory Disorders of the Lower Respiratory System     46
Pneumonia     46
Anthrax     48
Lung abscess     48
Tuberculosis     49
Pulmonary mycosis     53
Respiratory syncytial virus     55
Severe acute respiratory syndrome     56
Diffuse Lung Disease     56
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease     56
Pneumoconiosis     61
Neoplasms     63
Solitary pulmonary nodule     63
Bronchial adenoma     64
Bronchogenic carcinoma     65
Pulmonary metastases     68
Vascular Diseases     69
Pulmonary embolism     69
Septic embolism     75
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula     75
Miscellaneous Lung Disorders     77
Atelectasis     77
Adult respiratory distress syndrome     77
Intrabronchial foreign bodies     78
Mediastinal emphysema (pneumomediastinum)     79
Subcutaneous emphysema     79
Disorders of the Pleura     80
Pneumothorax     80
Pleural effusion     82
Empyema     83
Mediastinal Masses     84
Disorders of the Diaphragm     86
Diaphragmatic paralysis     87
Eventration of the diaphragm     87
Other causes of elevation of the diaphragm     88
Skeletal System     97
Physiology of the Skeletal System     92
Congenital/Hereditary Diseases of Bone     95
Vertebral anomalies     95
Spina bifida     95
Osteopetrosis     96
Osteogenesis imperfecta     97
Achondroplasia     99
Congenital hip dysplasia (dislocation)     100
Inflammatory and Infectious Disorders     102
Rheumatoid arthritis     102
Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease)     104
Infectious arthritis     105
Bursitis     107
Rotator cuff tears     109
Tears of the menisci of the knee     109
Bacterial osteomyelitis     110
Tuberculous osteomyelitis     114
Metabolic Bone Disease     116
Osteoporosis     116
Osteomalacia     118
Rickets     119
Gout     120
Paget's disease     121
Fibrous Dysplasia     124
Ischemic Necrosis of Bone      124
Benign Bone Tumors     126
Malignant Bone Tumors     131
Bone Metastases     136
Fractures     140
Types of fractures     141
Fracture healing     143
Pathologic fractures     144
Stress fractures     145
Battered-child syndrome     146
Common fractures and dislocations     147
Fractures and Dislocations of the Spine     152
Herniation of Intervertebral Disks     155
Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis     156
Gastrointestinal System     162
Physiology of the Digestive System     163
Esophagus     165
Tracheoesophageal fistula     165
Esophagitis     167
Ingestion of corrosive agents     169
Esophageal cancer     171
Esophageal diverticula     172
Esophageal varices     173
Hiatal hernia     174
Achalasia     175
Foreign bodies     176
Perforation of the esophagus     179
Stomach     179
Gastritis     179
Peptic ulcer disease     180
Cancer of the stomach      284
Lymphoma of the stomach     186
Small Bowel     287
Crohn's disease (regional enteritis)     187
Small bowel obstruction     188
Adynamic ileus     190
Intussusception     192
Malabsorption disorders     193
Colon     196
Appendicitis     196
Diverticulosis     197
Diverticulitis     198
Ulcerative colitis     199
Crohn's colitis     201
Ischemic colitis     203
Irritable bowel syndrome     203
Cancer of the colon     204
Large bowel obstruction     206
Volvulus of the colon     209
Hemorrhoids     211
Gallbladder     211
Gallstones (cholelithiasis)     211
Acute cholecystitis     212
Emphysematous cholecystitis     214
Porcelain gallbladder     214
Liver     215
Cirrhosis of the liver     215
Hepatocellular carcinoma     216
Hepatic metastases     217
Pancreas     218
Acute pancreatitis     218
Chronic pancreatitis     220
Pancreatic pseudocyst     222
Cancer of the pancreas     223
Pneumoperitoneum     225
Spleen     227
Enlargement     227
Rupture     228
Urinary System     257
Physiology of the Urinary System     232
Congenital/Hereditary Diseases     233
Anomalies of number and size     233
Anomalies of rotation position, and fusion     234
Anomalies of renal pelvis and ureter     235
Ureterocele     237
Posterior urethral valves     238
Inflammatory Disorders     239
Glomerulonephritis     239
Pyelonephritis     240
Tuberculosis     242
Papillary necrosis     242
Cystitis     243
Kidney Stones     244
Urinary Tract Obstruction     248
Cysts and Tumors     250
Renal cyst     250
Polycystic kidney disease     253
Renal carcinoma     255
Wilms' tumor (nephroblastoma)     256
Carcinoma of the bladder     259
Renal Vein Thrombosis     262
Acute Renal Failure     262
Chronic Renal Failure      263
Cardiovascular System     266
Physiology of the Cardiovascular System     267
Congenital Heart Disease     269
Left-to-right shunts     269
Tetralogy of Fallot     272
Coarctation of the aorta     272
Acquired Vascular Disease     274
Coronary artery disease     274
Congestive heart failure     278
Pulmonary edema     250
Hypertension     281
Hypertensive heart disease     283
Aneurysm     283
Traumatic rupture of the aorta     286
Dissection of the aorta     287
Atherosclerosis     289
Thrombosis and embolism     292
Valvular Disease     294
Rheumatic heart disease     294
Mitral stenosis     295
Mitral insufficiency     297
Aortic stenosis     297
Aortic insufficiency     297
Infective endocarditis     298
Pericardial Effusion     300
Venous Disease     302
Deep venous thrombosis     301
Varicose veins     304
Nervous System     307
Physiology of the Nervous System      308
Infections of the Central Nervous System     311
Meningitis     311
Encephalitis     312
Brain abscess     312
Subdural empyema     313
Epidural empyema     314
Osteomyelitis of the skull     314
Tumors of the Central Nervous System     316
Glioma     317
Meningioma     318
Acoustic neuroma     323
Pituitary adenoma     323
Craniopharyngioma     325
Pineal tumors     326
Chordoma     327
Metastatic carcinoma     327
Traumatic Processes of the Brain and Skull     330
Skull fracture     330
Epidural hematoma     332
Subdural hematoma     332
Cerebral contusion     333
Intracerebral hematoma     334
Subarachnoid hemorrhage     334
Carotid artery injury     335
Facial fractures     335
Vascular Disease of the Central Nervous System     339
Stroke syndrome     339
Transient ischemic attacks     341
Intraparenchymal hemorrhage     342
Subarachnoid hemorrhage      344
Multiple Sclerosis     347
Epilepsy and Convulsive Disorders     347
Degenerative Diseases     349
Normal aging     349
Alzheimer's disease     349
Huntington's disease     351
Parkinson's disease     352
Cerebellar atrophy     353
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease)     353
Hydrocephalus     354
Sinusitis     355
Hematopoietic System     360
Physiology of the Blood     361
Diseases of Red Blood Cells     361
Anemia     361
Polycythemia     367
Diseases of White Blood Cells     368
Leukemia     368
Lymphoma     370
Infectious mononucleosis     373
Diseases of Platelets (Bleeding Disorders)     374
Hemophilia     374
Purpura (thrombocytopenia)     376
Endocrine System     379
Physiology of the Endocrine System     380
Adrenal Glands     380
Physiology of the adrenal glands     380
Diseases of the adrenal cortex     382
Diseases of the adrenal medulla     386
Pituitary Gland      390
Physiology of the pituitary gland     390
Diseases of the pituitary gland     391
Thyroid Gland     394
Physiology of the thyroid gland     394
Diseases of the thyroid gland     394
Parathyroid Glands     401
Physiology of the parathyroid glands     401
Diseases of the parathyroid glands     401
Diabetes Mellitus     406
Reproductive System     411
Infectious Diseases of Both Genders     412
Syphilis     412
Gonorrhea     414
Male Reproductive System     415
Physiology of the Male Reproductive System     415
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia     416
Carcinoma of the Prostate Gland     417
Undescended Testis (Cryptorchidism)     420
Testicular Torsion and Epididymitis     421
Testicular Tumors     423
Female Reproductive System     425
Physiology of the Female Reproductive System     425
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease     426
Cysts and Tumors     428
Ovarian cysts and tumors     428
Dermoid cyst (teratoma)     429
Uterine fibroids      431
Endometrial carcinoma     433
Endometriosis     434
Carcinoma of the cervix     435
Breast Lesions     438
Breast Cancer     438
Benign breast disease     444
Imaging in Pregnancy     445
Ectopic pregnancy     447
Trophoblastic disease     447
Female infertility     448
Miscellaneous Diseases     452
Nutritional Diseases     453
Vitamin deficiencies     453
Hypervitaminosis     456
Protein-calorie malnutrition (kwashiorkor)     456
Obesity     456
Lead Poisoning     457
Sarcoidosis     459
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus     461
Melanoma     462
Muscular Dystrophy     463
Hereditary Diseases     464
Chromosomal aberrations     464
Genetic amino acid disorders     467
Internal Devices     470
Endotracheal tube     470
Central venous catheters     470
Swan-Ganz catheters     471
Transvenous cardiac pacemakers     472
Answers to Review Questions     475
Illustration Credits     478
Prefixes/Suffixes/Roots     482
Laboratory Values and their Significance     484
Glossary     485

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