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Computational Lexical Semantics

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Overview

Lexical semantics has become a major research area within computational linguistics, drawing from psycholinguistics, knowledge representation, and computer algorithms and architecture. Research programs whose goal is the definition of large lexicons are asking what the appropriate representation structure is for different facets of lexical information. Among these facets, semantic information is probably the most complex and the least explored. Computational Lexical Semantics is one of the first volumes to provide models for the creation of various kinds of computerized lexicons for the automatic treatment of natural language, with applications to machine translation, automatic indexing, and database front-ends, knowledge extraction, among other things. It focuses on semantic issues, as seen by linguists, psychologists, and computer scientists. Besides describing academic research, it also covers ongoing industrial projects.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"...supplies a fascinating snapshot of the state-of-the-art in the early 1990s." Paul Deane, Computational Linguistics
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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Preface
1 An introduction to lexical semantics from a linguistic and a psycholinguistic perspective 1
Pt. I Psycholinguistics for lexical semantics 31
2 Polysemy and related phenomena from a cognitive linguistic viewpoint 33
3 Mental lexicon and machine lexicon: Which properties are shared by machine and mental word representations? Which are not? 50
Pt. II Foundational issues in lexical semantics 69
4 Linguistic constraints on type coercion 71
5 From lexical semantics to text analysis 98
6 Lexical functions, generative lexicons and the world 125
7 Semantic features in a generic lexicon 141
Pt. III Lexical databases 163
8 Lexical semantics and terminological knowledge representation 165
9 Word meaning between lexical and conceptual structure 185
10 The representation of group denoting nouns in a lexical knowledge base 207
11 A preliminary lexical and conceptual analysis of BREAK: A computational perspective 231
12 Large neural networks for the resolution of lexical ambiguity 251
Pt. IV Lexical semantics and artificial intelligence 271
13 Blocking 273
14 A non-monotonic approach to lexical semantics 303
15 Inheriting polysemy 319
16 Lexical semantics: Dictionary or encyclopedia? 336
Pt. V Applications 349
17 Lexical functions of the Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary for lexicalization in text generation 351
18 A lexical-semantic solution to the divergence problem in machine translation 367
Pt. VI Computer models for lexical semantics 397
19 Introducing LexLog 399
20 Constraint propagation techniques for lexical semantics descriptions 426
Author index 441
Subject index 447
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