Computational Modeling in Cognition: Principles and Practice

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Overview

Computational Modelling in Psychology introduces the principles of using computational models in psychology and provides a clear idea about how model construction, parameter estimation and model selection are carried out in practice. The book is written at a level that permits readers with a background in cognition, but without any modeling expertise.

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Editorial Reviews

Koen Lamberts
"[T]his is an excellent introduction to computational modeling. It is written at exactly the right level for its intended readership, and it covers all the essentials very well. I can only encourage anyone with an interest in cognition to work with this book."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412970761
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 11/29/2010
  • Pages: 359
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1. Introduction
1.1 Models and Theories in Science
1.2 Why Quantitative Modeling?
1.3 Quantitative Modeling in Cognition
1.4 The Ideas Underlying Modeling and Its Distinct Applications
1.5 What Can We Expect From Models?
1.6 Potential Problems
2. From Words to Models: Building a Toolkit
2.1 Working Memory
2.2 The Phonological Loop: 144 Models of Working Memory
2.3 Building a Simulation
2.4 What Can We Learn From These Simulations?
2.5 The Basic Toolkit
2.6 Models and Data: Sufficiency and Explanation
3. Basic Parameter Estimation Techniques
3.1 Fitting Models to Data: Parameter Estimation
3.2 Considering the Data: What Level of Analysis?
4. Maximum Likelihood Estimation
4.1 Basics of Probabilities
4.2 What Is a Likelihood?
4.3 Defining a Probability Function
4.4 Finding the Maximum Likelihood
4.5 Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Multiple Participants
4.6 Properties of Maximum Likelihood Estimators
5. Parameter Uncertainty and Model Comparison
5.1 Error on Maximum Likelihood Estimates
5.2 Introduction to Model Selection
5.3 The Likelihood Ratio Test
5.4 Information Criteria and Model Comparison
5.5 Conclusion
6. Not Everything That Fits Is Gold: Interpreting the Modeling
6.1 Psychological Data and The Very Bad Good Fit
6.2 Parameter Identifiability and Model Testability
6.3 Drawing Lessons and Conclusions From Modeling
7. Drawing It All Together: Two Examples
7.1 WITNESS: Simulating Eyewitness Identification
7.2 Exemplar Versus Boundary Models: Choosing Between Candidates
7.3 Conclusion
8. Modeling in a Broader Context
8.1 Bayesian Theories of Cognition
8.2 Neural Networks
8.3 Neuroscientific Modeling
8.4 Cognitive Architectures
8.5 Conclusion
References
Author Index
Subject Index
About the Authors
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