Computer Ethics: Cautionary Tales and Ethical Dilemmas in Computing / Edition 2

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Overview

For anyone interested in the issues arising from computer malfunctions and, more perniciously, from misuse, this new edition of Computer Ethics is right on the mark. Widely acclaimed for its readability and its balanced and authoritative coverage, Computer Ethics has been thoroughly revised and updated with new anecdotes, new revelations, and lively discussion of the ethical, social, and professional issues arising from the computer revolution, such as computer crime,software theft, hacking, viruses, and the invasion of privacy.An entirely rewritten first chapter is followed by expanded chapters that contain compelling new case studies and analyses. A new final section contains 10 hypothetical scenarios for group discussion. Copies of the ACM Code of Ethics and the ACM-IEEE Computing Curricula are included in the appendixes.Tom Forester is Senior Lecturer in the School of Computing and Information Technology at Griffith University, Queensland,Australia, and is editor or author of seven books on the social aspects of computers. Perry Morrison lectures in psychology at the National University of Singapore.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
Exposes the dangers of letting society rely too heavily on computers. The authors tackle computer crime, viruses, invasions of privacy, hacking, program unreliability, software piracy, and the impact of artificial intelligence on the reshaping of our labor force. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780262560733
  • Publisher: MIT Press
  • Publication date: 12/16/1993
  • Edition description: second edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 347
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Tom Forester is a Lecturer in the, Division of Science and Technology at Griffith University in Australia. He is editor of The The Microelectronics Revolution and The Information Technology Revolution and author of High Tech Society.

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Table of Contents

Preface and Acknowledgments
1 Introduction: Social, Ethical, and Professional Issues in Computing 1
Our Computerized Society 2
Some New Social Problems Created by Computers 6
Ethical Dilemmas for Computer Users 10
How Ethical Theory Can Help 14
Ethics and the Computer Professional 16
The Responsibility of Computing Educators 19
2 Computer Crime 23
The Rise of the High-Tech Heist 23
Is Reported Crime the Tip of an Iceberg? 28
Targets of the Computer Criminal 34
Who Are the Computer Criminals and Why Do They Do It? 41
Improving Computer Security 44
Fighting Crime with Computers 48
3 Software Theft 51
The Problem of Software Piracy 51
Revenge of the Nerds? Intellectual Property Rights and the Law 57
It Looks and Feels Like the Law Is a Mess 61
Software Piracy and Industry Progress 65
Busting the Pirates 68
4 Hacking and Viruses 73
What Is Hacking? 75
Why Do Hackers Hack? 79
Hackers: Criminals or Modern Robin Hoods? 84
The Hacker Crackdown 86
The Virus Invasion 90
Ethical Issues Arising from Hacking 99
5 Unreliable Computers 105
Many Information Systems Are Failures 106
When a Crash Really Can Be a Crash 110
Banking Blunders 113
More Great Software Disasters 115
Why Are Complex Systems So Unreliable? 120
What Are Computer Scientists Doing about It? 123
6 The Invasion of Privacy 131
Database Disasters 132
The Information Mosaic 138
The Number of the Beast: Calling Number Identification 142
Privacy Legislation 144
The National Security Agency: Big Brother Is Watching You 147
Surveillance Societies 152
Just When You Thought No One Was Listening 155
Privacy and the Instrumentalism of Efficiency 159
7 Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems 163
What Is Artificial Intelligence? 164
What Is Intelligence? 167
Expert Systems 173
Legal Problems 176
Newer Developments 180
Ethical Issues: Is AI A Proper Goal? 184
Conclusion: The Limits of Hype 189
8 Computerizing the Workplace 193
Where Will the Jobs Come From? Computers and the Quantity of Work 193
What Kind of Jobs? Computers and the Quality of Work 203
The Dangers of the Techno-Fix: Stress in the Modern Workplace 208
Health and Safety Issues: Video Display Terminals and the Repetitive Strain Injury Debate 214
The Productivity Paradox: Improving the Payoff from Information Technology 221
9 Hypothetical Scenarios for Classroom Discussion 227
Appendix A: ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct 261
Appendix B: Computing Curricula 1991: A Summary of the ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Curriculum Task Force Report 271
Notes 307
Index 333
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