Computers in Geology: 25 Years of Progress [NOOK Book]

Overview

This volume vividly demonstrates the importance and increasing breadth of quantitative methods in the earth sciences. With contributions from an international cast of leading practitioners, chapters cover a wide range of state-of-the-art methods and applications, including computer modeling and mapping techniques. Many chapters also contain reviews and extensive bibliographies which serve to make this an invaluable introduction to the entire field. In addition to its detailed presentations, the book includes ...

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Computers in Geology: 25 Years of Progress

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Overview

This volume vividly demonstrates the importance and increasing breadth of quantitative methods in the earth sciences. With contributions from an international cast of leading practitioners, chapters cover a wide range of state-of-the-art methods and applications, including computer modeling and mapping techniques. Many chapters also contain reviews and extensive bibliographies which serve to make this an invaluable introduction to the entire field. In addition to its detailed presentations, the book includes chapters on the history of geomathematics and on R.G.V. Eigen, the "father" of mathematical geology. Written to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the International Association for Mathematical Geology, the book will be sought after by both practitioners and researchers in all branches of geology.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Provides a very useful overview of the applications of computers and automation in problem solving in practical real data situations." —PAGEOPH

"Demonstrates the current breadth of quantitative applications in the earth sciences." —Geotimes

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Kansas Geological Survey

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 3
2 Weights of Evidence Modeling and Weighted Logistic Regression for Mineral Potential Mapping 13
3 Gold Prospecting with Factorial Cokriging in the Limousin, France 33
4 Recent Experiences with Prospector II 45
5 Correspondence Analysis in Heavy Mineral Interpretation 55
6 Mathematics Between Source and Trap: Uncertainty in Hydrocarbon Migration Modeling 69
7 Risk Analysis of Petroleum Prospects 85
8 Characteristic Analysis as an Oil Exploration Tool 99
9 Information Management and Mapping System for Subsurface Stratigraphic Analysis 113
10 Automated Correlation Based on Markov Analysis of Vertical Successions and Walther's Law 121
11 Milankovitch Cyclicity in the Stratigraphic Record - A Review 133
12 Can the Ginsburg Model Generate Cycles? 145
13 Quantitative Genetics in Paleontology: Evolution in Tertiary Ostracoda 155
14 An Integrated Approach to Forward Modeling Carbonate Platform Development 169
15 Principal Component Analysis of Three-Way Data 181
16 A Solution to the Percentage-Data Problem in Petrology 195
17 Amplitude and Phase in Map and Image Enhancement 207
18 Fractals in Geosciences - Challenges and Concerns 217
19 An Executable Notation, with Illustrations from Elementary Crystallography 231
20 Uncertainty in Geology 241
21 Expert Systems in Environmental Geology 255
22 From Multivariate Sampling to Thematic Maps with an Application to Marine Geochemistry 265
23 The Kinematics of Paleo Landforms 275
24 R. G. V. Eigen: Legendary Father of Mathematical Geology 287
Index 295
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