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While Iranian women have most frequently been viewed through the politics of veiling, Conceiving Citizens interprets modern Iranian politics and society through the history of women's health and sexuality. Drawing on archival documents and manuscript sources from Iran and elsewhere, Firoozeh Kashani-Sabet illustrates how debates over hygiene, reproductive politics, and sexuality in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries explained demographic trends and put women at the center of nationalist debates. Exploring women's lives under successive regimes, she chronicles the hygiene campaigns that cast mothers as custodians of a healthy civilization; debates over female education, employment, and political rights; government policies on contraception and population control; and tensions between religion and secularism.
Acknowledgments Introduction Part One: Hygiene and Citizenship Chapter 1 Healing Iran: Hygiene and Social Change in the Qajar Era Chapter 2 Population Politics: Epidemics and the "Crisis" of Midwifery Part Two: Marriage, Maternity, and Sexuality Chapter 3 From Celibacy to Companionship: The Evolution of Persian Marriages Chapter 4 Sexual Mores, Social Lives: Maternalism and Venereal Disease Chapter 5 Giving Birth: Modern Nursing and Reproductive Politics Chapter 6 Schooling Mothers: Patriotic Education and Women's 'Renewal'
Chapter 7 Defrocking the Nation: Unveiling and the Politics of Dress Part Three: Politics and Reproduction Chapter 8 From Mothers to Voters: Suffrage, Literacy, and Family Dynamics Chapter 9 Managing Birth: Family Planning and Healthcare Chapter 10 Civil Liberties, Civic Wombs: Women in the Islamic Republic Epilogue Notes Bibliography