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Doody's Review ServiceReviewer: Elizabeth R. Lenz, PhD, RN, FAAN (Columbia University School of Nursing)
Description: This is the third edition of a well respected compendium of information about the works of major nurse theorists. Each of 14 models is described and subjected to an internal analysis of its assumptions, consistency and adequacy and an external analysis of its relation to research, education, and practice.
Purpose: The purpose of the book is to synthesize and extend nurses' familiarity with and ability to critically evaluate models that embody the essence of nursing. This newest edition "explores how nursing models might guide newer elements within nursing, such as nursing diagnosis." These objectives are important, and the authors have accomplished them.
Audience: The book is written primarily for graduate (master's and doctoral) students, but would also be appropriate as a reference for undergraduate students studying nursing theory. The authors are both recognized authorities in the area of nursing theory.
Features: There are very few illustrations, but few are needed. References are up-to-date. The book has a pleasant, uncluttered appearance which is appropriate to the subject matter. A desirable feature of the book is that the format for describing the basic components of each theory and for analyzing and evaluating it is consistently applied. Reference lists are excellent.
Assessment: This is the updated version of a classic text in nursing theory. The authors incorporate contemporary views of nursing theory in their general discussion of current debates and issues, and as they describe and evaluate the individual theories. The most unique and valuable aspects of the book are 1) the comprehensive review of research on each model and its application in nursing education and practice, and 2) the relation of each theory to nursing diagnosis. This is an essential reference for everyone studying nursing theory.