Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit / Edition 1

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From Anatomy to Wildlife-everything you need to know about temperate-zone tree fruit culture and physiology! The Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit is a unique resource that examines all aspects of tree fruit cultivation in the world's temperate zones. This book addresses more than 40 topics, and included with each topic is a list of resources you can use to find further information. Subjects from molecular genetics to fruit color to pest management are addressed comprehensively and in plain language, so you can get the information you need when you need it. Many helpful illustrations and tables make the data even more accessible. Compiled by some of the most respected names in the field, the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit presents the latest research and advances into a wide range of subjects, including fruit maturity, plant hormones, fruit nutritional compositions, and rootstock selection. From the mechanics of plant respiration to the nuances of tree training systems, it's all inside. Some topics the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit examines are: past and future cultivar development innovations in packing equipment the benefits of high-density orchards mechanisms of cold hardiness vital components of site preparation carbohydrate distribution and whole-plant efficiency advances in sustainable production systems If your work or research includes apples, pears, quinces, peaches, apricots, plums, cherries, or any other temperate-zone tree fruit, the Concise Encyclopedia of Temperate Tree Fruit will be your one-stop reference.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781560229414
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 1/28/2003
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 387
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.30 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

  • List of Figures
  • List of Tables
  • About the Editors
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Anatomy and Taxonomy
  • Pome Fruit
  • Stone Fruit
  • Other Temperate Tree Fruit
  • Breeding and Molecular Genetics
  • Hybridization
  • Nontraditional Breeding Techniques
  • Carbohydrate Partitioning and Plant Growth
  • Seasonal Patterns of Carbohydrate Production
  • Partitioning to Tree Organs
  • Environmental Factors Affecting Partitioning
  • Cultivar Selection
  • Selection Criteria
  • Multidisciplinary and International Evaluation of Cultivars
  • Major Cultivars of the World
  • Diseases
  • Background on Tree Fruit Diseases and Their Control
  • Common Pome Fruit Diseases
  • Common Stone Fruit Diseases
  • Dormancy and Acclimation
  • Forms of Dormancy
  • Specific Cases of Dormancy
  • Physiological Basis for Dormancy
  • Acclimation
  • Dwarfing
  • Genetic Dwarfing
  • Horticultural Practices to Induce Dwarfing
  • Flower Bud Formation, Pollination, and Fruit Set
  • Flower Formation
  • Pollination
  • Fertilization
  • Fruit Color Development
  • Color Measurement
  • Pigments
  • Physiology of Color Formation in Tree Fruit
  • Fruit Growth Patterns
  • What Is a Stone or Pome Fruit?
  • What Is Fruit Growth?
  • Growth by Cell Division and Cell Expansion
  • Growth Patterns of Different Fruit
  • Importance of Maintaining Fruit Growth
  • Fruit Shape
  • Fruit Maturity
  • The Compromise Between Quality and Storability
  • Development of Maturity Indices
  • Maturity or Harvest Indices for Specific Fruit
  • Maturity Programs
  • Geographic Considerations
  • Latitude
  • Elevation
  • Water Bodies
  • Aspect
  • Rainfall
  • Harvest
  • Hand Harvesting
  • Harvest Aids
  • Mechanical Harvesting
  • High-Density Orchards
  • Light Environment
  • Production Efficiency and Packout
  • Management
  • Insects and Mites
  • Direct Pests
  • Indirect Pests
  • Beneficial Insects
  • Irrigation
  • Irrigation Scheduling
  • Irrigation Systems
  • Light Interception and Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis
  • Factors Affecting Photosynthesis
  • Light Interception
  • Responses of Fruit Trees to Light
  • Orchard Practices to Improve Light
  • Marketing
  • Key Agents
  • Key Functions
  • Nematodes
  • Beneficial Free-Living Nematodes
  • Plant-Parasitic Nematodes and Associated Problems
  • Major Nematodes That Affect Fruit Trees
  • Nepovirus Diseases
  • Diagnosis of Nematode Problems
  • Nematode Control
  • Nutritional Value of Fruit
  • Health Benefits of Fruit Consumption
  • Phenolic Compounds in Pome and Stone Fruit
  • Orchard Floor Management
  • Orchard Groundcover Advantages
  • Orchard Groundcover Disadvantages
  • Orchard Planning and Site Preparation
  • Site Assessment
  • Orchard Design and Tree Quality
  • Orchard Preparation
  • Tree Planting
  • Packing
  • Presizing and Presorting
  • Weight Sizing, Color Sorting, and Packaging
  • Defect Sorting
  • Modified-Atmosphere Packing
  • Bruise Prevention
  • Nondestructive Quality Assessment
  • Physiological Disorders
  • Types of Physiological Disorders
  • Major Physiological Disorders of Temperate Tree Fruit
  • Plant Growth Regulation
  • Regulation of Tree Vigor and Enhancement of Flowering
  • Chemical Thinning
  • Control of Preharvest Drop of Fruit
  • Specialty Applications in Targeted Situations
  • Plant Hormones
  • Auxin
  • Gibberellin
  • Cytokinin
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Ethylene
  • Mode of Action
  • Plant Nutrition
  • Soil As a Reservoir of Plant Nutrients
  • Nutrient Absorption and Transport
  • Physiological and Biochemical Functions of Plant Nutrients
  • Modern Trends in Fruit Tree Nutrition
  • Plant-Pest Relationships and the Orchard Ecosystem
  • Arthropods
  • Disease-Causing Pathogens
  • Nematodes
  • Vertebrates
  • Weeds
  • Postharvest Fruit Physiology
  • Respiration and Ethylene Production
  • Texture
  • Color
  • Flavor
  • Processing
  • Apple Cultivars and Quality Characteristics
  • Apple Sorting
  • Applesauce Production
  • Apple Slice Production
  • Apple Juice Production
  • Quality Assessments
  • Other Temperate Fruit
  • Propagation
  • Sexual Propagation
  • Vegetative Propagation
  • Rootstock Selection
  • Effects of Rootstocks and Reasons for Selection
  • Rootstock-Scion Compatibility
  • Types of Rootstocks
  • Multicomponent Plants
  • Soil Management and Plant Fertilization
  • Methods of Estimating Fertilizer Needs
  • Fertilizer Application Practices
  • Managing Extreme Soil Environments
  • Spring Frost Control
  • Frost Control Principles
  • Frost Control Techniques
  • Storing and Handling Fruit
  • Precooling
  • Cold Storage
  • Controlled Atmosphere Storage
  • Relative Humidity
  • Monitoring Storages
  • Sustainable Orcharding
  • Integrated Pest Management
  • Integrated Fruit Production
  • Organic Production
  • Temperature Relations
  • Freezing Tolerance versus Freezing Avoidance
  • Overwintering
  • Systems and Strategies to Distinguish Cold Hardiness and Dormancy Transitions
  • Training and Pruning Principles
  • Apical Dominance and Growth
  • Shoot Orientation Effect on Apical Dominance
  • General Responses to Pruning
  • Types of Pruning Cuts
  • Training and Pruning Objective
  • Training Systems
  • Central Leader Systems
  • Open Center Systems
  • Vertical and Horizontal Trellis Systems
  • Tree Canopy Temperature Management
  • Temperature Assessment
  • Cooling Strategies
  • Water Relations
  • Pathway of Water from the Soil to the Leaf
  • Ascent of Water in Plants
  • Transpiration Stream of Water
  • Components of Plant Water Relations
  • Wildlife
  • Integrated Approach to Wildlife Management
  • General Control Strategies
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included
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