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A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity / Edition 2
     

A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity / Edition 2

by David S. Mason
 

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ISBN-10: 1442205342

ISBN-13: 9781442205345

Pub. Date: 01/16/2011

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Highlighting the key events, ideas, and individuals that have shaped modern Europe, this fresh and lively book provides a succinct history of the continent from the Enlightenment to the present. Drawing on the enduring theme of revolution, David S. Mason explores the causes and consequences of revolution: political, economic, and scientific; the development of

Overview

Highlighting the key events, ideas, and individuals that have shaped modern Europe, this fresh and lively book provides a succinct history of the continent from the Enlightenment to the present. Drawing on the enduring theme of revolution, David S. Mason explores the causes and consequences of revolution: political, economic, and scientific; the development of human rights; and issues of European identity and integration. He deliberately avoids a detailed chronology of every country and time period by emphasizing the most crucial events in shaping contemporary Europe. Fourteen focused chapters address such topical issues as the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the Industrial Revolution; the theories and impact of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; European imperialism; the two World Wars; the Cold War and decolonization; and the evolution and expansion of the European Union. Any reader needing a broad overview of the sweep of European history since 1789 will find this book, published in a first edition under the title Revolutionary Europe, an engaging and cohesive narrative.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781442205345
Publisher:
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
01/16/2011
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

List of Boxes, Illustration, and Maps xi

Preface to the Second Edition xv

Preface to and Acknowledgments for the First Edition xvii

Introduction: Change and Tradition in Europe 1

Timeline of European History 7

1 The Old Regime and the Enlightenment 13

The Old Regime in France 13

The Enlightenment 17

The Impact of the Enlightenment 21

2 The French Revolution and Napoleon 23

1789: The Revolution Begins 25

The Radical Republic and the Terror 28

Napoleon and Europe 29

3 The Industrial Revolution and the Birth of Capitalism 37

Causes of the Industrial Revolution 38

Socioeconomic Consequences of Industrialization 42

The Impact of the Industrial Revolution 44

4 1848: The People's Spring 47

Europe after 1815: Reaction 48

Liberalism and Nationalism in the Early Nineteenth Century 49

Precursors to 1848: The 1830 Revolution in France 51

The Revolutions of 1848 52

Revolt Spreads through Europe 54

Repression and Reaction 55

Consequences and Legacy of 1848 56

5 Marx, Marxism, and Socialism 59

Karl Marx 60

The Communist Manifesto 60

Marxist Theory 64

The Idea of Communism 67

The Legacy of Marxism 68

6 Darwinism and Social Darwinism 71

Charles Darwin 72

The Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection 73

Darwinism and Religion 75

Social Darwinism 77

Social Darwinism and European History 78

The Influence of Darwinism 80

7 The Unifications of Italy and Germany 83

Nationalism and the Nation-State 83

Prelude to Unification: The Crimean War 85

Mazzini, Cavour, and the Unification of Italy 86

Bismarck and the Unification of Germany 88

The Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary 91

Implications of Nationalism and Unification 92

8 The Age of Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa 93

European Expansionism before the Nineteenth Century 94

The Motivations for Imperialism 94

The Scramble for Africa 96

The Colonization of Asia 98

Patterns of Colonial Rule 99

The Legacy and Consequences of European Imperialism 100

9 World War I 103

Europe on the Eve of War 103

The Tinderbox: Nationalism in the Balkans 105

The Spark: The Assassination 106

The Escalation 107

The War 107

Versailles, The Peace Settlements, and the League of Nations 111

Consequences of the War 113

10 The Russian Revolution and Communism 115

Tsarist Russia 116

Hints of Change and Reform 117

1905: Prelude to Revolution 119

Marxism and Leninism 120

World War I and the Two Revolutions 122

Civil War, NEP, and Consolidation 124

Stalin and Totalitarianism 126

The Legacy and Meaning of the Russian Revolution 129

11 World War II and the Holocaust 131

Europe between the World Wars 132

The Rise of Militarism and Fascism 133

Hitler's Aggression 136

The War 138

The Holocaust 139

The Consequences of World War II 140

12 Europe Divided, the Cold War, and Decolonization 145

The Division of Europe 146

The Onset of the Cold War 148

Decolonization 152

Postwar Western Europe 155

Eastern Europe after the War 157

Conclusions: From Cold War to Perestroika 159

13 1989: The Collapse of Communism and End of the Cold War 161

Before 1989: Soviet Hegemony and the Brezhnev Doctrine 162

Gorbachev and Perestroika 165

The Revolutions of 1989 166

The Disintegration of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia 171

Transition from Communism to Market Democracy 174

Conclusions: The Impact of 1989 175

14 The European Union: Europe United and Free? 179

Origins of the Common Market 179

From Common Market to EU 182

Expansion to Eastern Europe 185

The European Superpower? 187

What Is Europe? 189

Conclusion: Europe in the Twenty-first Century 193

Notes 197

Glossary 203

Suggestions for Additional Reading 213

Index 219

About the Author 229

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