A Concise History of the Middle East [NOOK Book]

Overview

The Arab Spring unexpectedly developed in late 2010 with peaceful protests in a number of Arab countries against long-standing, entrenched regimes, and rapid political change across the region ensued. The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East examines these revolutions and their aftermath. Noted authorities writing specifically for this volume contribute chapters focusing on countries directly or indirectly involved, illuminating the immediate and long-term impacts of the revolutions in the region...
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A Concise History of the Middle East

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NOOK Book (eBook - Tenth Edition, Tenth Edition)
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Overview

The Arab Spring unexpectedly developed in late 2010 with peaceful protests in a number of Arab countries against long-standing, entrenched regimes, and rapid political change across the region ensued. The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East examines these revolutions and their aftermath. Noted authorities writing specifically for this volume contribute chapters focusing on countries directly or indirectly involved, illuminating the immediate and long-term impacts of the revolutions in the region and throughout the world. A thoughtful concluding chapter ties together key themes, while also delineating persistent myths and misinterpretations. This is an essential volume for students and scholars of the Middle East, as well as anyone seeking a fuller understanding of region and what may lie ahead.

Resources for instructors are available online at westviewpress.com, including an updated bibliographic essay and test questions.
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Editorial Reviews

Lawrence Davidson
An eminently readable and comprehensive text that gives an accurate and analytical account of Near East history. —West Chester University Praise for earlier editions:
Geraldine Forbes
The best single source I have found to introduce undergraduates to the Middle East. —State University of New York at Oswego
Choice
Well organized... Straightforward and easy to follow.
Journal of Palestine Studies
An invaluable introduction and a useful reference book.
Gina Cirali
Excellent. Nice active voice, engaging, comprehensive, balanced. Particularly the coverage on early Islam. —Fordham University
Midwest Book Review
A lively, involving text.
History Teacher
A balanced interpretation which allows more than one view of any number of controversial issues... Thorough and carefully balanced.
Booknotes
This excellent history provides an informative and balanced background.
Booknews
First published in 1979, this college-level introductory text ranges chronologically from the beginnings of Islam to the present. Extensive revisions reflect new scholarship and the most recent events in the Middle East including the aftermath of the Gulf War and issues surrounding the "Palestinian Question." Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
From the Publisher

"A Concise History of the Middle East is a studious and scholarly delve into history and the explorations of culture, offering an informed perspective on these events, a vital read."
The Midwest Book Review

Praise for Prior Editions:

"Our students and faculty alike have found this to be a well-organized, comprehensive, balanced, and exceptionally readable textbook. The authors blend significant historical detail with timely political analysis in a cogent style that is compelling and lucid. The addition of frequent biographical sketches and side-bars on major events or political terms bring additional features that make this a compelling and one of a kind introduction to the Middle East."
Donald Wagner, North Park University, Chicago

"This review and update of A Concise History of the Middle East makes it once again the premier text for the study of the Middle East. Goldschmidt and Davidson’s well-written and solidly argued analyses of the most important and crucial developments of Middle Eastern history and politics…could not be timelier…It will be a favorite of students and professors alike."
Robert Olson, University of Kentucky

"This is a text that breathes life into the history it presents. The authors both care deeply about the region—and both recognize the responsibility of their American readers (their primary readers) to understand, and in a general sense sympathize, with the life struggles of the people whose history they present—and whose history has become increasingly intertwined with American global interests, often times, as they recognize and relate, to the detriment of people in the Middle East. The authors are not afraid to spell out these complexities in a style that is at once accessible and gently provocative. This is a text with personality."
Joel Gordon, University of Arkansas

"As someone who has encountered the run of good, fair and middling texts on the Middle East, I can only offer unmixed praise for the new edition of A Concise History of the Middle East by Art Goldschmidt and Lawrence Davidson. Their narrative of the region's quite long history, too often opaque to Westerners, is sparklingly clear and straightforward for even the 'general reader'. They meticulously avoid bias, especially when they explore the tumultuous factors of modernization and westernization in battle against residual forces of ethno-cultural traditionalism. Throughout their remarkable text, they balance a clear treatment of politics and diplomacy, familiar from earlier generations of scholarship with insights into the region's historically evolving norms of society and culture."
Mark Seifter, Lehigh Carbon Community College

"I have used A Concise History of the Middle East as the principal textbook in my Middle East history course for the past twelve years. Student feedback regarding the book has always been positive, as the book is not only greatly informative, touching on a multitude of topics, but very readable as well. It’s an excellent choice for students who have little, if any, previous knowledge of the history of the Middle East."
José E. Alvarez, University of Houston

"Well organized…straightforward and easy to follow…Designed to help the student acquire a basic understanding of Middle East history from the 7th century until the present."
Choice

"An invaluable introduction and a useful reference book for the nonspecialist."
Journal of Palestine Studies

"Excellent. Nice active voice, engaging, comprehensive, balanced. Particularly the coverage on early Islam."
Gina Cirali, Fordham University

"The best single source I have found to introduce undergraduates to the Middle East."
Geraldine Forbes, State University of New York at Oswego

"A lively and interesting account that is likely to allow students to understand and learn more than they might from a stuffy academic text …Thorough and carefully balanced."
The History Teacher

"A Concise History of the Middle East is a studious and scholarly delve into history and the explorations of culture, offering an informed perspective on these events, a vital read."
The Midwest Book Review

Praise for Prior Editions:

"Our students and faculty alike have found this to be a well-organized, comprehensive, balanced, and exceptionally readable textbook. The authors blend significant historical detail with timely political analysis in a cogent style that is compelling and lucid. The addition of frequent biographical sketches and side-bars on major events or political terms bring additional features that make this a compelling and one of a kind introduction to the Middle East."
Donald Wagner, North Park University, Chicago

"This review and update of A Concise History of the Middle East makes it once again the premier text for the study of the Middle East. Goldschmidt and Davidson’s well-written and solidly argued analyses of the most important and crucial developments of Middle Eastern history and politics…could not be timelier…It will be a favorite of students and professors alike."
Robert Olson, University of Kentucky

"This is a text that breathes life into the history it presents. The authors both care deeply about the region—and both recognize the responsibility of their American readers (their primary readers) to understand, and in a general sense sympathize, with the life struggles of the people whose history they present—and whose history has become increasingly intertwined with American global interests, often times, as they recognize and relate, to the detriment of people in the Middle East. The authors are not afraid to spell out these complexities in a style that is at once accessible and gently provocative. This is a text with personality."
Joel Gordon, University of Arkansas

"As someone who has encountered the run of good, fair and middling texts on the Middle East, I can only offer unmixed praise for the new edition of A Concise History of the Middle East by Art Goldschmidt and Lawrence Davidson. Their narrative of the region's quite long history, too often opaque to Westerners, is sparklingly clear and straightforward for even the 'general reader'. They meticulously avoid bias, especially when they explore the tumultuous factors of modernization and westernization in battle against residual forces of ethno-cultural traditionalism. Throughout their remarkable text, they balance a clear treatment of politics and diplomacy, familiar from earlier generations of scholarship with insights into the region's historically evolving norms of society and culture."
Mark Seifter, Lehigh Carbon Community College

"I have used A Concise History of the Middle East as the principal textbook in my Middle East history course for the past twelve years. Student feedback regarding the book has always been positive, as the book is not only greatly informative, touching on a multitude of topics, but very readable as well. It’s an excellent choice for students who have little, if any, previous knowledge of the history of the Middle East."
José E. Alvarez, University of Houston

"Well organized…straightforward and easy to follow…Designed to help the student acquire a basic understanding of Middle East history from the 7th century until the present."
Choice

"An invaluable introduction and a useful reference book for the nonspecialist."
Journal of Palestine Studies

"Excellent. Nice active voice, engaging, comprehensive, balanced. Particularly the coverage on early Islam."
Gina Cirali, Fordham University

"The best single source I have found to introduce undergraduates to the Middle East."
Geraldine Forbes, State University of New York at Oswego

"A lively and interesting account that is likely to allow students to understand and learn more than they might from a stuffy academic text …Thorough and carefully balanced."
The History Teacher

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813348223
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 11/6/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Tenth Edition, Tenth Edition
  • Edition number: 10
  • Pages: 600
  • Sales rank: 634,803
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

Arthur Goldschmidt Jr. is professor emeritus of Middle East history at Penn State University. He is the author of Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State, and the recipient of the Amoco Foundation Award for Outstanding Teaching and the 2000 Middle East Studies Association Mentoring Award.

Lawrence Davidson is professor of history at West Chester University. He is the author of several books, including America’s Palestine and Islamic Fundamentalism.
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Table of Contents

1 Introduction
What Is History?
Then and Now, There and Here
The Physical Setting
Some Descriptive Geography
Conclusion

2 The Middle East Before Muhammad
Persia and Rome
The Arabs
Conclusion

3 The First Muslim Revolution
Muhammad’s Early Life
The Emigration (Hijra)
AISHA BINT ABI-BAKR
What Do Muslims Believe?
What Muslims Must Do
Conclusion

4 The Early Arab Conquests
The Succession Issue
The Initial Conquests
The Beginnings of Islamic Government
Dissension in the Umma
Changes in the Government of Islam
MU’AWIYA IBN-ABI-SUFYAN
Conclusion

5 The High Caliphate
Restoration of the Umayyad Order
The Downfall of the Umayyads
The Abbasid Caliphate
MAMUN
The Decline of the Abbasids
Conclusion

6 Shiites and Turks, Crusaders and Mongols
Shiite Islam in Power
The Turks
The Crusades
The Mongol Invasion
HULEGU KHAN
Conclusion

7 Islamic Civilization
The Rules and Laws of Islam
Development of Jurisprudence
Islamic Society
Intellectual and Cultural Life
Theology
AHMAD IBN HANBAL
Conclusion

8 Firearms, Slaves, and Empires
The Mamluks
The Mongol Il-Khanids
Gunpowder Technology
The Ottoman Empire
ORHAN
Persia Under the Safavids
Conclusion

9 European Interests and Imperialism
Ottoman Weakness
The European Powers and the Eastern Question
THE KOPRULU FAMILY OF VIZIERS
Conclusion

10 Westernizing Reform in the Nineteenth Century
Egypt’s Transformation
Westernization of the Ottoman Empire
MUSTAFA RESHID PASHA
Persia Under the Qajars
Conclusion: Afterthoughts

11 The Rise of Nationalism
Egyptian Nationalism
AHMAD URABI
Ottomanism, Pan-Islam, and Turkism
Nationalism in Persia
The Constitutionalist Movement
Conclusion

12 The Roots of Arab Bitterness
Arab Nationalism
World War I
The Postwar Peace Settlement
FAYSAL IBN AL HUSAYN
Conclusion

13 Modernizing Rulers in the Independent States
Turkey: Phoenix from the Ashes
MUSTAFA KEMAL (ATATURK)
From Persia to Iran
The Rise of Saudi Arabia
Conclusion

14 Egypt and the Fertile Crescent
Under European Control
Egypt’s Struggle for Independence
The Creation of New States in the Fertile Crescent
Phony Democracy and False Independence
KING FARUQ
World War II
Postwar Egypt
Egypt’s Era of Political Frustration
Independence for Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq
Conclusion

15 The Contest for Palestine
Origins
Political Zionism
The Beginnings of Political Zionism
Britain and the Palestine Problem
AMIN AL-HUSAYNI
Conclusion

16 Israel’s Rebirth and the Rise of Arab Nationalism
Israel’s War for Independence
The War’s Aftermath
The Arab Countries
Israel’s Early Years
DAVID BEN-GURION
Middle Eastern Oil
The Great Powers and the Arab World
Rising Arab-Israeli Tensions
Conclusion

17 War and the Quest for Peace
The June 1967 War
The Palestinians
Abortive Peace Efforts
Political Changes: 1967–1970
ANWAR AL-SADAT
Danger Signs in the Middle East
The October (Yom Kippur) War
The War’s Aftermath
Lebanon: The Arena for a New Arab Struggle
The Road to Camp David
Conclusion

18 The Reassertion of Islamic Power
The Changing Role of Religion in Politics
The Iranian Revolution
SAYYID RUHOLLAH MUSAVI KHOMEINI
The Struggle for Gulf Supremacy
The Retreat from Camp David
Western Policy Formation and Islamic Polity
Conclusion

19 The Gulf War and the Peace Process
The Gulf Crisis
Operation Desert Storm
The Palestinians: Their Struggle and an Elusive Peace
YASIR ARAFAT
Whither Islam?
Conclusion

20 The War on Terrorism
Survey of Terrorism
OSAMA BIN LADEN
The Iraq War
The Contest for Palestine (Redux)
Conclusion

21 In the Season of Arab Discontent
Some Background
Rebellion Across the Region
Repercussions in the Non-Arab Middle East
Conclusion

Chronology
Glossary
Appendix Table 1: Basic Statistics for Middle Eastern Countries
Appendix Table 2: How Many Palestinians (2007)?

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