A Concise Introduction to Additives for Thermoplastic Polymers / Edition 1

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Describes twenty-one of the most important and commonly usedadditives

A Concise Introduction to Additives for ThermoplasticPolymers focuses on additives for thermoplastic polymers anddescribes 21 of the most important and commonly used additives fromPlasticizers and Fillers to Optical Brighteners and Anti-Microbialadditives. It also includes chapters on safety and hazards, andprediction of service time models.

While there are many exhaustive and complex books dealing withadditives for polymers, the size of them deter students and manyindustry engineers from using them. The purpose of this book,therefore, is to fill this void and present a concise introductionto this important subject.

Written in an accessible and practical style, the authorintroduces the reader to the complex subject of plastics additivesin an engaging manner. His ability to be concise is the result ofhis teaching courses on the subject and using his own lecture notesfor material. This book comprises the author's course notes so thata larger public can benefit from his knowledge.

A Concise Introduction to Additives for ThermoplasticPolymers is the ideal primer for students who will later workin polymer science or the development of plastics formulation, aswell as industry engineers and specialists who want to have adeeper knowledge of the plastics industry.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470609552
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/30/2009
  • Series: Wiley-Scrivener Series , #1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 282
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

JOHANNES KARL FINK is Professor of Macromolecular Chemistry at Montanuniversität, Loebem Austria. His career spans more than 30 years in the fields of polymers, including characterization, flame retardancy, and pyrolysis of polymers.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction.

1.1 Classification.


2 Plasticizers.

2.1 Principle of Action.

2.2 Principle of Selection.

2.3 Characterization.

2.4 Risks and Drawbacks.

2.5 Classes of Plasticizers.

2.6 Specific Examples of Application.


3 Fillers.

3.1 Surface Modification.

3.2 Special Applications.


4 Colorants.

4.1 Physics Behind a Color.

4.2 Color Index.

4.3 Test Standards.

4.4 Pigments.

4.5 Organic Colorants.


5 Optical Brighteners.

5.1 Basic Principles.

5.2 Measurement.

5.3 Inorganic Brighteners.

5.4 Organic Optical Brighteners.


6 Antimicrobial Additives.

6.1 Modes of Action.

6.2 Plasticizers.

6.3 Special Formulations.


7 Flame Retardants.

7.1 Mechanisms of Flame Retardants.

7.2 Smoke Suppressants.

7.3 Admixed Additives.

7.4 Bonded Additives.


8 Lubricants.

8.1 Principle of Action.

8.2 Methods of Incorporation.

8.3 Types of Lubricants.

8.4 Special Applications.


9 Antistatic Additives.

9.1 Types of Additives.

9.2 Areas of Application.

9.3 Additives in Detail.


10 Slip Agents.

10.1 Basic Principles of Action.

10.2 Compounds.

10.3 Special Formulations.


11 Surface Improvers.

11.1 Additives.


12 Nucleating Agents.

12.1 Crystalline Polymers.

12.2 Experimental Methods.

12.3 Classes of Nucleating Agents.

12.4 Crystallization Accelerators.

12.5 Clarifying Agents.


13 Antifogging Additives.

13.1 Field of Use.

13.2 Principles of Action.

13.3 Conventional Compounds.

13.4 Compounds for Grafting.


14 Antiblocking Additives.

14.1 Examples of Uses.


15 Hydrolysis.

15.1 Hydrolytic Degradation.

15.2 Polymers.


16 Dehydrochlorination Stabilizers.

16.1 Dehydrochlorination of PVC.

16.2 Stabilizers.

16.2.1Alkyl Tin Compounds.


17 Acid Scavengers.

17.1 Acid Scavenging.

17.2 Examples of Formulation.


18 Metal Deactivators.

18.1 Action of Metals in Polymers.

18.2 Usage.

18.3 Examples of Metal Deactivators.


19 Oxidative Degradation.

19.1 Autoxidation.

19.2 Inhibition of Autoxidation.


20 Degradation by Light.

20.1 Photolysis.

20.2 Photooxdation.

20.3 UV Stabilizers.


21 Blowing Agents.

21.1 Blowing Agents.

21.2 Ozone Depletion Potential.

21.3 Test Methods.

21.4 Special Applications.


22 Compatibilizers.

22.1 Estimation of Compatibility.

22.2 Compatibilizers.

22.3 Special Examples.


23 Prediction of Service Time.

23.1 Accelerated Aging.

23.2 Theory of Critical Distances.

23.3 Monte Carlo Methods.

23.4 Issues in Matrix Composites.


24 Safety and Hazards.

24.1 Plasticizers.

24.2 Flame Retardants.

24.3 Antifogging Agents.

24.4 Other.





General Index.

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