A Concise Introduction to Logic, 10th Edition / Edition 10by Patrick J. Hurley
Pub. Date: 12/23/2008
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Tens of thousands of students have learned to be more discerning at constructing and evaluating arguments with the help of Patrick J. Hurley. Hurley's lucid, friendly, yet thorough presentation has made A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC the most widely used logic text in North America. In addition, the book's accompanying technological resources, such as CengageNOW
Tens of thousands of students have learned to be more discerning at constructing and evaluating arguments with the help of Patrick J. Hurley. Hurley's lucid, friendly, yet thorough presentation has made A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC the most widely used logic text in North America. In addition, the book's accompanying technological resources, such as CengageNOW and Learning Logic, include interactive exercises as well as video and audio clips to reinforce what you read in the book and hear in class. In short, you'll have all the assistance you need to become a more logical thinker and communicator.
- Cengage Learning
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- With iLrn Printed Access Card
- Product dimensions:
- 5.10(w) x 9.50(h) x 1.20(d)
Table of Contents
PART I INFORMAL LOGIC. 1 Basic Concepts. 1.1 Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions. 1.2 Recognizing Arguments. 1.3 Deduction and Induction. 1.4 Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency. 1.5 Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity. 1.6 Extended Arguments. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Aristotle. Eminent Logicians: Chrysippus. 2 Language: Meaning and Definition. 2.1 Varieties of Meaning. 2.2 The Intension and Extension of Terms. 2.3 Definitions and Their Purposes. 2.4 Definitional Techniques. 2.5 Criteria for Lexical Definitions. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Abelard. 3 Informal Fallacies. 3.1 Fallacies in General. 3.2 Fallacies of Relevance. 3.3 Fallacies of Weak Induction. 3.4 Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Grammatical Analogy. 3.5 Fallacies in Ordinary Language. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Ockham. PART II FORMAL LOGIC. 4 Categorical Propositions. 4.1 The Components of Categorical Propositions. 4.2 Quality, Quantity, and Distribution. 4.3 Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition. 4.4 Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition. 4.5 The Traditional Square of Opposition. 4.6 Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint. 4.7 Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Boole. 5 Categorical Syllogisms. 5.1 Standard Form, Mood, and Figure. 5.2 Venn Diagrams. 5.3 Rules and Fallacies. 5.4 Reducing the Number of Terms. 5.5 Ordinary Language Arguments. 5.6 Enthymemes. 5.7 Sorites. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Venn. 6 Propositional Logic. 6.1 Symbols and Translation. 6.2 Truth Functions. 6.3 Truth Tables for Propositions. 6.4 Truth Tables for Arguments. 6.5 Indirect Truth Tables. 6.6 Argument Forms and Fallacies. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Leibniz. Eminent Logicians: De Morgan. 7 Natural Deduction in Propositional Logic. 7.1 Rules of Implication I. 7.2 Rules of Implication II. 7.3 Rules of Replacement I. 7.4 Rules of Replacement II. 7.5 Conditional Proof. 7.6 Indirect Proof. 7.7 Proving Logical Truths. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Frege. 8 Predicate Logic. 8.1 Symbols and Translation. 8.2 Using the Rules of Inference. 8.3 Change of Quantifier Rule. 8.4 Conditional and Indirect Proof. 8.5 Proving Invalidity. 8.6 Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers. 8.7 Identity. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Whitehead / Russell. Eminent Logicians: Gödel PART III INDUCTIVE LOGIC. 9 Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning. 9.1 Analogical Reasoning. 9.2 Legal Reasoning. 9.3 Moral Reasoning. Summary. 10 Causality and Mill's Methods. 10.1 "Cause" and Necessary and Sufficient Conditions. 10.2 Mill's Five Methods. 10.3 Mill's Methods and Science. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Mill. 11 Probability. 11.1 Theories of Probability. 11.2 The Probability Calculus. Summary. 12 Statistical Reasoning. 12.1 Evaluating Statistics. 12.2 Samples. 12.3 The Meaning of "Average". 12.4 Dispersion. 12.5 Graphs and Pictograms. 12.6 Percentages. Summary. 13 Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning. 13.1 The Hypothetical Method. 13.2 Hypothetical Reasoning: Four Examples from Science. 13.3 The Proof of Hypotheses. 13.4 The Tentative Acceptance of Hypotheses. Summary. Eminent Logicians: Peirce. 14 Science and Superstition. 14.1 Distinguishing Between Science and Superstition. 14.2 Evidentiary Support. 14.3 Objectivity. 14.4 Integrity. 14.5 Concluding Remarks. Summary. Appendix: Logic and Graduate-Level Admissions Tests. Answers to Selected Exercises. Glossary/Index.
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