# A Concise Introduction to Logic / Edition 11

ISBN-10: 0840034164

ISBN-13: 9780840034168

Pub. Date: 01/01/2011

Publisher: Cengage Learning

This textbook introduces logical methods and principles for constructing and evaluating arguments, and examines informal fallacies, categorical propositions and syllogisms, propositional logic, predicate logic, and induction. The ninth edition adds an appendix on graduate school entrance exam questions. The CD-ROM contains animations, audio instruction, and practice…  See more details below

## Overview

This textbook introduces logical methods and principles for constructing and evaluating arguments, and examines informal fallacies, categorical propositions and syllogisms, propositional logic, predicate logic, and induction. The ninth edition adds an appendix on graduate school entrance exam questions. The CD-ROM contains animations, audio instruction, and practice exercises. The author is affiliated with the University of San Diego. Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

## Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780840034168
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
01/01/2011
Pages:
736
Product dimensions:
7.30(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

## Related Subjects

 Chapter 1 Basic Concepts 1 1.1 Arguments, Premises, and Conclusions 1 1.2 Recognizing Arguments 13 1.3 Deduction and Induction 31 1.4 Validity, Truth, Soundness, Strength, Cogency 41 1.5 Argument Forms: Proving Invalidity 52 1.6 Extended Arguments 59 Chapter 2 Language: Meaning and Definition 72 2.1 Varieties of Meaning 72 2.2 The Intension and Extension of Terms 82 2.3 Definitions and Their Purposes 87 2.4 Definitional Techniques 94 2.5 Criteria for Lexical Definitions 104 Chapter 3 Informal Fallacies 111 3.1 Fallacies in General 111 3.2 Fallacies of Relevance 114 3.3 Fallacies of Weak Induction 130 3.4 Fallacies of Presumption, Ambiguity, and Grammatical Analogy 147 3.5 Fallacies in Ordinary Language 170 Chapter 4 Categorical Propositions 188 4.1 The Components of Categorical Propositions 188 4.2 Quality, Quantity, and Distribution 190 4.3 Venn Diagrams and the Modern Square of Opposition 195 4.4 Conversion, Obversion, and Contraposition 204 4.5 The Traditional Square of Opposition 214 4.6 Venn Diagrams and the Traditional Standpoint 224 4.7 Translating Ordinary Language Statements into Categorical Form 230 Chapter 5 Categorical Syllogisms 242 5.1 Standard Form, Mood, and Figure 242 5.2 Venn Diagrams 249 5.3 Rules and Fallacies 261 5.4 Reducing the Number of Terms 269 5.5 Ordinary Language Arguments 272 5.6 Enthymemes 275 5.7 Sorites 280 Chapter 6 Propositional Logic 287 6.1 Symbols and Translation 287 6.2 Truth Functions 298 6.3 Truth Tables for Propositions 310 6.4 Truth Tables for Arguments 319 6.5 Indirect Truth Tables 324 6.6 Argument Forms and Fallacies 330 Chapter 7 Natural Deduction in Propositional Logic 348 7.1 Rules of Implication I 348 7.2 Rules of Implication II 359 7.3 Rules of Replacement I 369 7.4 Rules of Replacement II 380 7.5 Conditional Proof 390 7.6 Indirect Proof 395 7.7 Proving Logical Truths 401 Chapter 8 Predicate Logic 405 8.1 Symbols and Translation 405 8.2 Using the Rules of Inference 414 8.3 Change of Quantifier Rule 425 8.4 Conditional and Indirect Proof 429 8.5 Proving Invalidity 435 8.6 Relational Predicates and Overlapping Quantifiers 441 8.7 Identity 453 Chapter 9 Induction 468 9.1 Analogy and Legal and Moral Reasoning 468 9.2 Causality and Mill's Methods 487 9.3 Probability 508 9.4 Statistical Reasoning 525 9.5 Hypothetical/Scientific Reasoning 544 9.6 Science and Superstition 564 Answers to Selected Exercises 592 Glossary/Index 654

## Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network