Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory / Edition 2

Conduct and Character: Readings in Moral Theory / Edition 2

by Mark Timmons
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534231918

ISBN-13: 9780534231910

Pub. Date: 05/28/1994

Publisher: Wadsworth

This concise anthology of 31 readings on the philosophical theories of morality is organized according to type of moral theory (utilitarianism, egoism, virtue ethics, the ethics of care, etc.) and contains a separate chapter devoted to each type. Reading selections in the chapters provide a balance of both classical and contemporary philosophical writings,

Overview

This concise anthology of 31 readings on the philosophical theories of morality is organized according to type of moral theory (utilitarianism, egoism, virtue ethics, the ethics of care, etc.) and contains a separate chapter devoted to each type. Reading selections in the chapters provide a balance of both classical and contemporary philosophical writings, representing a spectrum of viewpoints on each theory in one, concise volume. Readings have been selected to be accessible to introductory students in Ethics or Moral Theory and include brief introductions.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534231910
Publisher:
Wadsworth
Publication date:
05/28/1994
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
263
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Chapter 1Introduction to Moral Theory: The Nature and Evaluation of Moral Theories1
Basic Moral Concepts2
The Aims of a Moral Theory5
The Role of Moral Principles in a Moral Theory6
The Structure of a Moral Theory7
Brief Summary8
How to Evaluate a Moral Theory9
Preview14
Chapter 2Egoism17
The Myth of Gyges17
The Virtue of Selfishness20
Egoism and Moral Skepticism25
Egoism, Altruism, and Sociobiology36
Chapter 3Ethics by Authority43
Morality is Based on God's Commands43
Does Morality Depend on God's Commands?47
A Defense of Ethical Relativism58
The Challenge of Cultural Relativism65
Chapter 4The Natural Law Theory71
Treatise on Law71
The Ethics of Natural Law76
The Doctrine of Double Effect92
Problems for Natural Law Theory97
Chapter 5Utilitarianism102
The Principle of Utility102
In Defense of Utilitarianism108
Against Moral Conservatism115
Two Concepts of Rules125
The Ethics of Fantasy135
Chapter 6Kantian Ethical Theory146
The Moral Law and Autonomy of the Will146
Kantianism154
Kant on Treating People as Ends in Themselves166
On Treating People as Ends in Themselves: A Critique of Kant171
Chapter 7Virtue Ethics179
Virtue and Character179
Normative Virtue Ethics190
Agent-Based Virtue Ethics202
Against Virtue Ethics216
Chapter 8The Ethics of Care228
Moral Orientation and Moral Development228
Feminist Ethical Theory237
An Ethic of Caring244
Caring and Evil255
Chapter 9Pluralism and P articularism261
Moral Choice Without Principles261
What Makes Right Acts Right?264
Principles or Particularism?270
Moral Particularism: Wrong and Bad278
About the Author293

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