The Conflict of the Faculties / Edition 1

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It is in the interest of the totalitarian state that subjects not think for themselves, much less confer about their thinking. Writing under the hostile watch of the Prussian censorship, Immanuel Kant dared to argue the need for open argument, in the university if nowhere else. In this heroic criticism of repression, first published in 1798, he anticipated the crises that endanger the free expression of ideas in the name of national policy.

Composed of three sections written at different times, The Conflict of the Faculties dwells on the eternal combat between the "lower" faculty of philosophy, which is answerable only to individual reason, and the faculties of theology, law, and medicine, which get "higher" precedence in the world of affairs and whose teachings and practices are of interest to the government. Kant makes clear, for example, the close alliance between the theological faculty and the government that sanctions its teachings and can resort to force and censorship. All the more vital and precious, then, the faculty of philosophy, which encourages independent thought before action. The first section, "The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Theology Faculty," is essentially a vindication of the right of the philosophical faculty to freedom of expression. In the other sections the philosopher takes a long and penetrating look at medicine and law, the one preserving the physical "temple" and the other regulating its actions.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780803277755
  • Publisher: University of Nebraska Press
  • Publication date: 11/1/1992
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 217
  • Sales rank: 1,120,016
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.58 (d)

Meet the Author

Mary J. Gregor is a professor of philosophy at San Diego State University and the author of Laws of Freedom (1963).
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Table of Contents

Translator's Introduction
Preface 9
First Pt The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Theology Faculty
Introduction 23
I On the Relation of the Faculties
First Sect The Concept and Division of the Higher Faculties 31
A The Distinctive Characteristic of the Theology Faculty 35
B The Distinctive Characteristic of the Faculty of Law 37
C The Distinctive Characteristic of the Faculty of Medicine 41
Second Sect The Concept and Division of the Lower Faculty 43
Third Sect On the Illegal Conflict of the Higher Faculties with the Lower Faculty 47
Fourth Sect On the Legal Conflict of the Higher Faculties with the Lower Faculty 53
Outcome 59
II Appendix: The Conflict between the Theology and Philosophy Faculties, as an Example Clarifying the Conflict of the Faculties
1 The Subject Matter of the Conflict 61
2 Philosophical Principles of Scriptural Exegesis for Settling the Conflict 65
3 Objections concerning the Principles of Scriptural Exegesis, along with Replies to Them 79
General Remark: On Religious Sects 85
Conclusion of Peace and Settlement of the Conflict of the Faculties 111
Appendix: Historical Questions about the Bible, Concerning the Practical Use and Probable Duration of This Sacred Book 125
Appendix: On a Pure Mysticism in Religion 127
Second Pt The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Faculty of Law
An Old Question Raised Again: Is the Human Race Constantly Progressing? 141
Conclusion 169
Third Pt The Conflict of the Philosophy Faculty with the Faculty of Medicine
On the Power of the Mind to Master Its Morbid Feelings by Sheer Resolution 175
The Principle of the Regimen 181
Conclusion 205
Postscript 209
Translator's Notes 215
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