Conflicted Antiquities: Egyptology, Egyptomania, Egyptian Modernity

Conflicted Antiquities: Egyptology, Egyptomania, Egyptian Modernity

by Elliott Colla
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0822339927

ISBN-13: 9780822339922

Pub. Date: 01/11/2008

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Conflicted Antiquities is a rich cultural history of European and Egyptian interest in ancient Egypt and its material culture, from the early nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth. Consulting the relevant Arabic archives, Elliott Colla demonstrates that the emergence of Egyptology—the study of ancient Egypt and its material legacy—was as

Overview

Conflicted Antiquities is a rich cultural history of European and Egyptian interest in ancient Egypt and its material culture, from the early nineteenth century until the mid-twentieth. Consulting the relevant Arabic archives, Elliott Colla demonstrates that the emergence of Egyptology—the study of ancient Egypt and its material legacy—was as consequential for modern Egyptians as it was for Europeans. The values and practices introduced by the new science of archaeology played a key role in the formation of a new colonial regime in Egypt. This fact was not lost on Egyptian nationalists, who challenged colonial archaeologists with the claim that they were the direct heirs of the Pharaohs, and therefore the rightful owners and administrators of ancient Egypt’s historical sites and artifacts. As this dispute developed, nationalists invented the political and expressive culture of “Pharaonism”—Egypt’s response to Europe’s Egyptomania. In the process, a significant body of modern, Pharaonist poetry, sculpture, architecture, and film was created by artists and authors who looked to the ancient past for inspiration.

Colla draws on medieval and modern Arabic poetry, novels, and travel accounts; British and French travel writing; the history of archaeology; and the history of European and Egyptian museums and exhibits. The struggle over the ownership of Pharaonic Egypt did not simply pit Egyptian nationalists against European colonial administrators. Egyptian elites found arguments about the appreciation and preservation of ancient objects useful for exerting new forms of control over rural populations and for mobilizing new political parties. Finally, just as the political and expressive culture of Pharaonism proved critical to the formation of new concepts of nationalist identity, it also fueled Islamist opposition to the Egyptian state.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822339922
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
01/11/2008
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
360
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 8.75(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction: The Egyptian Sculpture Room 1

1. The Artification of the Memnon Head 24

Ozymandias 67

2. Conflicted Antiquities: Islam’s Pharaoh and Emergent Egyptology 72

The Antiqakhana 116

3. Pharaonic Selves 121

Two Pharaohs 166

4. The Discovery of Tutankhamen’s Tomb: Archaeology, Politics, and Literature 172

Nahdat Misr 227

5. Pharaonism after Pharaonism: Mahfouz and Qutb 234

Conclusion 273

Notes 279

Bibliography 311

Index 329

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