Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials / Edition 1

Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials / Edition 1

4.0 1
by Lee Dian Rainey

ISBN-10: 1405188405

ISBN-13: 9781405188401

Pub. Date: 05/18/2010

Publisher: Wiley

This comprehensive introduction explores the life and teachings of Confucius, and development of Confucian thought, from ancient times to the present today.

  • Demonstrates the wisdom and enduring relevance of Confucius’s teachings – drawing parallels between our 21st century society and that of China 2,500 years ago,

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This comprehensive introduction explores the life and teachings of Confucius, and development of Confucian thought, from ancient times to the present today.

  • Demonstrates the wisdom and enduring relevance of Confucius’s teachings – drawing parallels between our 21st century society and that of China 2,500 years ago, where government corruption, along with social, economic, and technical changes, led thinkers to examine human nature and society
  • Draws on the latest research and incorporates interpretations of Confucius and his works by Chinese and Western scholars throughout the centuries
  • Explores how Confucius's followers expanded and reinterpreted his ideas after his death, and how this process has continued throughout Chinese history
  • Seamlessly links Confucius with our modern age, revealing how his teachings have  become the basis of East Asian culture and influenced the West

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations xi

Preface: Why Confucius? xii

Book Notes xiv

Chronology xv

1 Confucius' World and His Life 1

Confucius' World: Looking Back to a Long, Unified Civilization 2

The Zhou Dynasty 2

Ancestors and Spirits 4

Heaven and the "Choice of Heaven" 4

The Decline of the Zhou Dynasty and the Rise of the Warring States 5

The Life of Confucius 9

Sources 10

Versions of the Texts 10

Hagiography, the Pious Stories of Confucius' Life 11

Scholarly Versions of Confucius' Life 16

2 Confucius' Teachings I: The Foundation of a Good Person 23

Filial Piety 23

Dutifulness or Loyalty 29

Honesty and Sincerity 30

Rightness and Knowledge 31

Courage 31

Understanding, Sympathy, Compassion 32

Humanity 34

Ritual 35

The Gentleman 42

3 Confucius' Teachings II: The Foundation of a Good Society and Other Topics 45

Setting Words Right 46

For the Benefit of the People 48

Laws 49

Models 50

Education without Distinction 54

Women 55

The Gods, the Spirits of the Dead, and the Afterlife 57

The Choice of Heaven and Heaven 59

Fate 60

The Way 61

4 Terms, and Mozi 63

Problems with "Schools" and "-isms" 63

Problems with the Term "Confucianism" 65

Mozi and Mohism 69

5 Opponents 75

Daoism 75

The Strategists 80

The Logicians 82

Legalism 83

Others 85

6 Mencius 87

Human Nature is Good 89

Human Nature and Heaven 95

Government 96

Mencius on Confucian Themes 99

Summary 103

7 Xunzi 105

Human Nature is Evil 106

Morality is Artificial 109

Ritual 110

Government 111

Language 113

Heaven 114

Xunzi on Confucian Themes 116

Summary 118

8 Confucians, "Confucian" Texts, and the Qin Dynasty 119

Other Confucian Groups 119

Confucius and "Confucian" Texts 121

The First Emperor and the Reunification of China 128

9 The Han Dynasty, 206 BCE-220 CE 132

History and Development 132

The Classics in the Han 134

The New Text School 134

The Yin-Yang Theory 135

Qi 137

The Five Phases 139

The Status of Confucius 140

The Old Text School 140

Other Confucian Texts in the Han Dynasty 143

Summary 144

10 From the Han to the Tang Dynasties, 220-907 CE 146

Buddhism and Its Development 146

Confucianism from the Han to the Tang Dynasties 148

Civil Service Examinations and the Imperial Civil Service 148

The Civil Service 151

The Status of Confucius in Imperial China 151

Confucian Temples 152

Confucius as a God 154

Confucianism outside of China: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam 155

Summary 158

11 Neo-Confucianism 159

The Northern and Southern Song Dynasties 159

Neo-Confucianism 160

Issues in Neo-Confucianism 161

Early Neo-Confucian Thinkers 161

Zhu Xi (1130-1200) and Li Xue, the School of Principle 165

The School of Mind/Heart 171

Wang Yangming 172

Summary 174

12 Confucianism and Modernity 176

The Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911 176

Kang Youwei (1858-1927) and the Reform of Confucianism 177

The May 4th Movement 178

The Guomindang and the New Life Movement 180

The Communist Party and the Communist Government 180

New Confucians 181

Confucianism as the Foundation of Chinese Culture 183

Substance/Application 183

The Confucian Core 184

Confucianism as Religion 184

Asian Values 186

Governments: Taiwan, Singapore, and China 186

Critics of New Confucianism 189

New Confucianism's Impact and Importance 190

Summary 191

13 Issues 192

What is Confucianism? 192

Democracy 193

The Emphasis on the Economy 195

Ritual 196

Filial Piety 196

Education 197

Self-cultivation 198

Does Confucianism Include Women? Can Confucianism Include Women? 198

Critics 201

Is Confucianism a Religion? A Philosophy? Something Else? 202

Summary 204

Notes 207

Glossary of Names and Terms 241

Suggestions for Further Reading 249

Bibliography 253

Index 258

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Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Crystal-Qi More than 1 year ago
I am a sophomore in high school and I had to read his book for a research project. It's interesting to read Confucius' teachings and ideology  in English, but I think none of the languages could translate his thought exactly. This book describes Confucius, Confucianism, his students and some of his interpreters. I learned a lot about his life background and the Spring and Autumn Warring Period from this book. Many people  known Confucius for his teachings but this book reveals Confucius' career, ideas, Confucianism, and some other Chinese theories. It describes  Confucius as an accomplished sage, a wise man and "uncrowned king." This book also covers several important topics about his teachings     too : letters, ethics, devotion of soul and truthfulness. And it teaches me that the foundation of a good person is having filial piey, loyalty, honesty, rightness, humanity and ritual. Confucius was a modest and studious philosophy; he never stopped learning until the movement of his death. It's a great read and I highly recommend this book. Confucius taught his students the new knowledge and asked them to review the old ones he had taught. He thought learning was important because it was the foundation of humanity and benevolence. I think that is the way of learning which I should follow. I really enjoy this book and it's not hard to read at all, so I recommend it to everyone who wants to learn more about Confucius.