Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials / Edition 1

Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials / Edition 1

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by Lee Dian Rainey
     
 

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ISBN-10: 1405188413

ISBN-13: 9781405188418

Pub. Date: 05/18/2010

Publisher: Wiley

This lively and highly accessible introduction provides a comprehensive account of the life, teachings of Confucius, and the development of Confucian thought from ancient times to the present day.

The book skillfully lays out and explores the philosophical and religious questions at the heart of Confucius' thought. These are carefully placed in the context of

Overview

This lively and highly accessible introduction provides a comprehensive account of the life, teachings of Confucius, and the development of Confucian thought from ancient times to the present day.

The book skillfully lays out and explores the philosophical and religious questions at the heart of Confucius' thought. These are carefully placed in the context of Chinese society, demonstrating how Confucius responded to the, conflicts and pressures of his time and offered solutions to society's problems. After Confucius' death, his followers expanded and reinterpreted his ideas - a process that continued throughout Chinese history and has developed into the "New Confucianism" of today. The book also considers the legacy of Confucian thought, tracing his influential ideas and their proponents through the centuries and up to the present day. We see how Confucian teachings have become the basis of East Asian culture.

This lucid and well-organized book will offer both students and general readers the background, information, and analysis they require to understand and appreciate the wisdom and timeless relevance of Confucian teachings.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781405188418
Publisher:
Wiley
Publication date:
05/18/2010
Pages:
278
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations.

Preface: Why Confucius?

Book Notes.

Chronology.

1 Confucius’ World and His Life.

Confucius’ World: Looking Back to a Long, Unifi ed Civilization.

The Zhou Dynasty.

Ancestors and Spirits.

Heaven and the “Choice of Heaven”.

The Decline of the Zhou Dynasty and the Rise of the Warring States.

The Life of Confucius.

Sources.

Versions of the Texts.

Hagiography, the Pious Stories of Confucius’ Life.

Scholarly Versions of Confucius’ Life.

2 Confucius’ Teachings I: The Foundation of a Good Person.

Filial Piety.

Dutifulness or Loyalty.

Honesty and Sincerity.

Rightness and Knowledge.

Courage.

Understanding, Sympathy, Compassion.

Humanity.

Ritual.

The Gentleman.

3 Confucius’ Teachings II: The Foundation of a Good Society and Other Topics.

Setting Words Right.

For the Benefi t of the People.

Laws.

Models.

Education without Distinction.

Women.

The Gods, the Spirits of the Dead, and the Afterlife.

The Choice of Heaven and Heaven.

Fate.

The Way.

4 Terms, and Mozi.

Problems with “Schools” and “-isms”.

Problems with the Term “Confucianism”.

Mozi and Mohism.

5 Opponents.

Daoism.

The Strategists.

The Logicians.

Legalism.

Others.

6 Mencius.

Human Nature is Good.

Human Nature and Heaven.

Government.

Mencius on Confucian Themes.

Summary.

7 Xunzi.

Human Nature is Evil.

Morality is Artifi cial.

Ritual.

Government.

Language.

Heaven.

Xunzi on Confucian Themes.

Summary.

8 Confucians, “Confucian” Texts, and the Qin Dynasty.

Other Confucian Groups.

Confucius and “Confucian” Texts.

The First Emperor and the Reunifi cation of China.

9 The Han Dynasty, 206 BCE–220 CE.

History and Development.

The Classics in the Han.

The New Text School.

The Yin-Yang Theory.

Qi.

The Five Phases.

The Status of Confucius.

The Old Text School.

Other Confucian Texts in the Han Dynasty.

Summary.

10 From the Han to the Tang Dynasties, 220–907 CE.

Buddhism and Its Development.

Confucianism from the Han to the Tang Dynasties.

Civil Service Examinations and the Imperial Civil Service.

The Civil Service.

The Status of Confucius in Imperial China.

Confucian Temples.

Confucius as a God.

Confucianism outside of China: Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.

Summary.

11 Neo-Confucianism.

The Northern and Southern Song Dynasties.

Neo-Confucianism.

Issues in Neo-Confucianism.

Early Neo-Confucian Thinkers.

Zhu Xi (1130–1200) and Li Xue, the School of Principle.

The School of Mind/Heart.

Wang Yangming.

Summary.

12 Confucianism and Modernity.

The Qing Dynasty, 1644–1911.

Kang Youwei (1858–1927) and the Reform of Confucianism.

The May 4th Movement.

The Guomindang and the New Life Movement.

The Communist Party and the Communist Government.

New Confucians.

Confucianism as the Foundation of Chinese Culture.

Substance/Application.

The Confucian Core.

Confucianism as Religion.

Asian Values.

Governments: Taiwan, Singapore, and China.

Critics of New Confucianism.

New Confucianism’s Impact and Importance.

Summary.

13 Issues.

What is Confucianism?

Democracy.

The Emphasis on the Economy.

Ritual.

Filial Piety.

Education.

Self-cultivation.

Does Confucianism Include Women? Can Confucianism Include Women?

Critics.

Is Confucianism a Religion? A Philosophy? Something Else?

Summary.

Notes.

Glossary of Names and Terms.

Suggestions for Further Reading.

Bibliography.

Index.

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Confucius and Confucianism: The Essentials 4 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Crystal-Qi More than 1 year ago
I am a sophomore in high school and I had to read his book for a research project. It's interesting to read Confucius' teachings and ideology  in English, but I think none of the languages could translate his thought exactly. This book describes Confucius, Confucianism, his students and some of his interpreters. I learned a lot about his life background and the Spring and Autumn Warring Period from this book. Many people  known Confucius for his teachings but this book reveals Confucius' career, ideas, Confucianism, and some other Chinese theories. It describes  Confucius as an accomplished sage, a wise man and "uncrowned king." This book also covers several important topics about his teachings     too : letters, ethics, devotion of soul and truthfulness. And it teaches me that the foundation of a good person is having filial piey, loyalty, honesty, rightness, humanity and ritual. Confucius was a modest and studious philosophy; he never stopped learning until the movement of his death. It's a great read and I highly recommend this book. Confucius taught his students the new knowledge and asked them to review the old ones he had taught. He thought learning was important because it was the foundation of humanity and benevolence. I think that is the way of learning which I should follow. I really enjoy this book and it's not hard to read at all, so I recommend it to everyone who wants to learn more about Confucius.