Congenital Disorders Sourcebook

Overview

According to the March of Dimes, 150,000 U.S. babies-one in twenty-eight - are born each year with a birth defect. In fact, birth defects are the leading cause of death in the first year of life. Yet the future is brightening. Recent medical advances have allowed doctors to diagnose and treat some birth defects before birth, allowing affected children a much greater chance at survival. Additionally, advances in our understanding of the causes of birth defects allow prospective parents to take steps to minimize ...
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Overview

According to the March of Dimes, 150,000 U.S. babies-one in twenty-eight - are born each year with a birth defect. In fact, birth defects are the leading cause of death in the first year of life. Yet the future is brightening. Recent medical advances have allowed doctors to diagnose and treat some birth defects before birth, allowing affected children a much greater chance at survival. Additionally, advances in our understanding of the causes of birth defects allow prospective parents to take steps to minimize the chance that an infant will be born with these types of disorder.

Congenital Disorders Sourcebook, Second Edition, describes the most common types of nonhereditary birth defects and disorders related to prematurity, gestational injuries, congenital infections, and birth complications, including disorders of the heart, brain, gastrointestinal tract, musculoskeletal system, urinary tract, and reproductive organs. Cerebral palsy, spina bifida, and fetal alcohol syndrome and their related complications are also discussed in detail. Causes, diagnostic tests, and innovative treatment strategies, including fetal surgery, are explained, and current research initiatives are described. The book concludes with a glossary of related terms and a directory of resources for further help and information.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Anthony Shanks, MD (Washington University School of Medicine)
Description: This is a consumer reference for complicated obstetrical medical problems.
Purpose: The book has an admirable goal, but it only provides brief synopses of each disorder, so parents may not get as much information as they desire.
Audience: Although the book is written for parents, it may be most useful for midlevel providers. The book covers an impressive list of topics, but sections are short, just 1-2 pages in length, and an inquisitive parent may not be satisfied with the amount of information on a given topic. The medical consultant on the book is an internal medicine physician with appropriate credentials. More input from obstetricians/gynecologists would be beneficial.
Features: The book covers basic information such as caffeine and alcohol intake, and complex fetal anomalies such as renal agenesis and arthrogryposis. Each section has pertinent references including from the CDC and ACOG. The section on caffeine would have benefited from an ACOG reference, as moderate caffeine intake appears to be safe (the book advises avoidance). The amount of topics covered is impressive, but each section suffers from its brevity. An example is the omphalocele chapter, which details what it is and the CDC estimate of its prevalence. Although the chapter lists potential offending agents (obesity, alcohol, medications), it does not discuss the risk of aneuploidy or the specific obstetrical interventions that would be needed during pregnancy. Consumers reading this would be left with many more questions. Other chapters are more successful, such as the one on pyloric stenosis, which breaks down this potentially complicated condition and provides information on what the diagnosis actually entails. However, consumers would not buy a book with such brief explanations for a diagnosis they receive.
Assessment: This book covers an impressive number of topics, but for the intended audience of consumers there may be insufficient information on a specific topic to justify its purchase. Perhaps it would be useful in an ultrasound waiting room or a reading room for ultrasonographers who need to have a cursory understanding of the complicated fetal disorders that they image.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780780812956
  • Publisher: Omnigraphics, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 5/31/2013

Table of Contents


Preface     xiii
Prenatal Concerns and Preventing Birth Defects
Birth Defects: An Overview     3
Prenatal Care and the Prevention of Birth Defects     11
Prenatal Care: What to Expect     12
Understanding Prenatal Tests     17
Pregnancy and a Healthy Diet     33
Folic Acid     39
Smoking and Pregnancy     45
Alcohol Use during Pregnancy     51
What You Should Know about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome     52
Alcohol in Pregnancy May Cause Permanent Fetal Nerve Damage     54
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders through the Lifespan     56
Illicit Drug Use during Pregnancy     61
Pregnancy and Medication     67
Medication Use during Pregnancy: An Overview     68
Risk of Birth Defects with Accutane     72
Risk of Birth Defects with Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors     77
Risk of Birth Defects with Paxil     78
Risk of Birth Defects with Thalidomide     80
Vaccines and Pregnancy     82
X-Rays, Pregnancy, and You     85
Chemical and Other Environmental Risks and Pregnancy     89
Fetal Risks Associated with Maternal Conditions     97
MaternalAsthma     98
Maternal Cancer     101
Maternal Diabetes     104
Maternal High Blood Pressure     113
Maternal Obesity     119
Maternal Phenylketonuria (PKU)     121
Fetal Risks Associated with Infectious Diseases     127
Chicken Pox and Pregnancy     128
Fifth Disease and Pregnancy     130
Congenital Rubella     134
Sexually Transmitted Infections in Pregnancy     137
Cytomegalovirus and Pregnancy     143
Listeriosis and Pregnancy: What Is Your Risk?     147
Toxoplasmosis and Pregnancy     150
Rh Incompatibility     155
Gestational Concerns     159
Fetal Growth Restriction     160
Amniotic Fluid Abnormalities     163
Placental Conditions     171
Umbilical Cord Abnormalities     177
Fetal Surgery and Other Fetal Treatment Techniques     183
Prematurity and Other Birth Complications
Premature Labor and Delivery     191
Premature Labor     192
Premature Birth Complications     196
What to Expect in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit     200
Medical Complications of Prematurity      205
Apnea of Prematurity     206
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia     210
Retinopathy of Prematurity     215
Multiple Births     221
Preparing for Twins, Triplets, and More     222
Twin Pregnancy Complications     228
Fetal Surgery for Twin-Twin Transfusion Syndrome     232
High Order Multiples: Special Concerns     236
Birth Complications Associated with Birth Defects     245
Cesarean Childbirth: Why and How It Is Performed     246
What to Expect in Labor and Delivery When Your Baby Has a Health Problem     249
Medical Evaluations for the Newborn     253
Apgar Score     254
Newborn Screening Tests     256
Perinatal Infections     259
Group B Streptococcal Disease and Neonatal Risks     260
Hepatitis B: Mother to Newborn Infection     266
What to Expect When Your Baby Has a Birth Defect     269
Structural Abnormalities and Functional Impairments
Cardiovascular Defects     275
Diagnosing Congenital Heart Defects with Fetal Echocardiography     276
Defects of the Heart and Blood Vessels     279
Patent Foramen Ovale     290
Arteriovenous Malformation      294
Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn     305
Vascular Rings     311
Congenital Brain Defects     315
Hydrocephalus     316
Other Cephalic Disorders     322
Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum     333
Chiari Malformation     334
Craniosynostosis     336
Dandy-Walker Syndrome     337
Craniofacial Defects     339
Cleft Lip and Palate     340
Facial Palsy     347
Goldenhar Syndrome     351
Hemifacial Microsomia     353
Microtia     355
Pierre Robin Sequence     357
Cerebral Palsy     359
What You Should Know about Cerebral Palsy     360
Botox in the Management of Children with Cerebral Palsy     384
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Cerebral Palsy     386
Hypothermia in the Prevention of Cerebral Palsy among Newborn Infants     391
Spina Bifida     395
What You Should Know about Spina Bifida     396
Urinary Tract Concerns in Spina Bifida     403
Latex Allergy in Spina Bifida     405
Fetal Surgery for Spina Bifida     407
Tethering Spinal Cord      409
Congenital Lung Lesions     415
Defects of the Liver and Pancreas     421
Annular Pancreas     422
Pancreas Divisum     424
Biliary Atresia     425
Defects of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract     429
Esophageal Atresia and Tracheoesophageal Fistula     430
Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia     432
Fetal Surgery for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia     435
Gastroschisis     437
Omphalocele     441
Defects of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract     447
Bowel Obstruction     448
Intestinal Malrotation     450
Hirschsprung Disease     454
Imperforate Anus     462
Kidney Defects     465
Ectopic Kidneys     466
Hydronephrosis     468
Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney     470
Renal Fusion (Horseshoe Kidney)     471
Detecting Kidney and Urinary Tract Abnormalities before Birth     473
Defects of the Urinary Tract     477
Urinary Tract Obstruction     478
Fetal Surgery for Obstructive Uropathy     480
Bladder Exstrophy     484
Epispadias     487
Ectopic Ureter      489
Megaureter     494
Ureterocele     498
Vesicoureteral Reflux     502
Urachal Anomalies     504
Defects of the Reproductive Organs     509
Undescended Testes     510
Hypospadias     512
Hydroceles and Inguinal Hernias     514
Urogenital Sinus     517
Vaginal Agenesis     519
Cloacal Exstrophy     523
Ambiguous Genitalia     525
Musculoskeletal Defects     531
Arthrogryposis     532
Clubfoot     534
Congenital Amputation     542
Congenital Torticollis     544
Fibrous Dysplasia     546
Fetal Tumors     549
Cervical Teratoma     550
Sacrococcygeal Teratoma     553
Fetal Surgery for Sacrococcygeal Teratoma     556
Birthmarks     559
Additional Help and Information
Glossary of Terms Related to Congenital Disorders     567
Congenital Disorders: Resources for Information and Support     579
Index     591
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