Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients

Congressional Medal of Honor Recipients

by Kieran Doherty
     
 

The recipients of this highest honor have been as diverse as the United States itself. Included among the ten heroes in this book are three from the Civil War: the first soldier to receive the honor; the first African American; and the first woman, a doctor. From World War I there is a pioneering flying ace, and from World War II, a navy skipper of a PT boat. A native… See more details below

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Overview

The recipients of this highest honor have been as diverse as the United States itself. Included among the ten heroes in this book are three from the Civil War: the first soldier to receive the honor; the first African American; and the first woman, a doctor. From World War I there is a pioneering flying ace, and from World War II, a navy skipper of a PT boat. A native American and Japanese American were both honored for courage in the Korean War, and a Hispanic American, for service in the Vietnam conflict. Two posthumous awards were given to soldiers for valor in Somalia. Their childhoods as well as their heroic action under fire are described.

Editorial Reviews

VOYA - Raymond Houser
The Congressional Medal of Honor was established in December of 1861 to recognize those who display bravery above and beyond the call of duty while in military service. Since that time, the award has been presented 3,427 times. Doherty selected eleven recipients from different eras and backgrounds, as representative of their time, and has written a brief biographical sketch of each. Jacob Parrott, a young private in the Civil War, the first to receive the nation's highest military honor, was a volunteer member of the famous Andrew Raid into southern territory. Also known as "The Great Locomotive Chase," this raid ended with all the raiders captured and many of them hanged as spies. Parrott later escaped and was recaptured by the South, but he was finally freed and awarded the first Medal of Honor. William Carney was the first African American to win the medal, which he earned while serving with the black 54th Massachusetts Infantry. The only woman to win the medal was Mary Edwards Walker, a Civil War doctor. She later had her name removed from the Medal of Honor rolls because she was not a member of the military, but in 1977, a military board reinstated her medal. Also included are biographies of Eddie Rickenbacker, World War I air ace; Alvin York, the most decorated hero of World War I; John Bulkeley, the World War II PT boat skipper who got General MacArthur out of the Philippines to Australia; Mitchell Red Cloud, a native American hero of the Korean conflict; Hiroshi Miyamura, a Japanese American of World War II and Korean War fame; Jay Vargas of Spanish-American descent from the Vietnam War; and Gary Gordon and Randall Shughart, heroes from the so-called mercy mission in Somalia in 1992. This book is written on a very low reading level. Young adult readers at the middle school level may find it interesting, and the short biographies may spark their interest in further readings. Index. Photos. Biblio. Further Reading. VOYA Codes: 3Q 3P M J (Readable without serious defects, Will appeal with pushing, Middle School-defined as grades 6 to 8 and Junior High-defined as grades 7 to 9).

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780766010260
Publisher:
Enslow Publishers, Incorporated
Publication date:
01/28/1998
Series:
Collective Biographies Series
Pages:
112
Product dimensions:
6.26(w) x 9.23(h) x 0.47(d)
Age Range:
11 - 17 Years

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