Connections: A World History, Volume 1 Plus NEW MyHistoryLab with eText / Edition 2

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Readers learn about the connections among world societies – from regional to global.

Connections: A World History is a reader-centered text that focuses on connections within and among world societies. Concise, engaging chapters and a clear narrative make the often overwhelming amount of information in world history accessible to a wide range of readers. A uniquely comprehensive and consistent map program is combined with strong pedagogical support for increased understandability. The authors’ focus on connections offers a useful and compelling framework for understanding how and why peoples and societies change over time.

Note: MyHistoryLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyHistoryLab, please visit or use ISBN: 9780205216529.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“…written with students in mind. Chapter organization is very clear, pronunciation guides are provided for words and the work is more economical than other texts … a fine world history textbook … not only accessible to college students but could also be used in AP coursework.”

-Dr. Robert Bond, San Diego Mesa College

“The general approach and the theme of “connections” are sound and make the text accessible to a wide range of students.”

-Gregory S. Crider, Winthrop University

“The approach is more than sound – it is innovative and highly effective.”

-Robert A. Saunders, Farmingdale State College

“…consistent structuring of the content within each chapter under clearly stated and visually helpful headings (blue) and sub-headings (brown).”

-Karl E. Westhauser,Alabama State University

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205216512
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 7/15/2011
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 528
  • Sales rank: 907,721
  • Product dimensions: 7.80 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Edward H. Judge and John W. Langdon are professors of history at Le Moyne College, where they have team-taught for the last 20 years a two-semester world history course for first-year students as well as courses on modern global history for upper-level students. Judge earned his doctorate at the University of Michigan and spent a year in the USSR as an IREX scholar. He has taught at Le Moyne since 1978, was the college's scholar of the year in 1994 and was awarded the J. C. Georg Endowed Professorship in 1997. Langdon earned his doctorate at Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Public Affairs, where he was a national defense fellow. He has taught at Le Moyne since 1971, directed its honors program and was awarded the O'Connell Distinguished Teaching Professorship in 1996. Each has been named the college's teacher of the year and has chaired its department of history. They have written or edited eight books: three in collaboration with each other, three as individuals and two in collaboration with other scholars. They love teaching world history, especially to students of diverse backgrounds and interests, and they derive great joy from infecting their students with a passion and enthusiasm for the study of the human past.

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Table of Contents

Why We Wrote This Book

Support Materials


Part I: Emergence and Expansion of Regional Societies, To 300 C.E.

Chapter 1 The Emergence of Human Societies, to 3000 B.C.E.Our Earliest Ancestors

Hominids and Cultural Adaptation

Foraging, Family, and Gender

Ice Age Migrations and Homo Sapiens

Physical and Cultural Diversity

Paleolithic Cultural and Spiritual Perspectives

Intercultural Connections and Conflicts

The Origins and Impact of Agriculture

The Origins of Farming and Herding

Agricultural Innovation and Expansion

Foragers, Hunter-Farmers, and Pastoral Nomads

Agricultural Society: Village, Family, and Land

The Impact of Agriculture

The Emergence of Complex Societies

Towns, Cities, Occupations, and Religion

States and Civilizations

Chapter Review

Chapter 2 Early Societies of West Asia and North Africa, to 500 B.C.E.

Early West Asian Societies

Early Mesopotamia: The City-States of Sumer

The Akkadian Conquest and Spread of Sumerian Culture

Babylonian Society and Hammurabi’s Code

Indo-European Migrations

The Hittite Connection

Later Mesopotamia: Assyrians and Chaldeans

Early Northeast African Societies

Egyptian Culture and Society

The Kingdoms of Egypt

Nubian Culture and the Kingdoms of Kush

The Kingdom and Culture of Meroë

West Asia and North Africa: The Phoenician Connection

The Israelites and Their God

The Children of Israel

The Kingdoms of Israel

The God of Israel

Chapter Review

Chapter 3 Societies and Beliefs of Early Indai, to 550 C.E.

The Indian Subcontinent

Harappan India: Early Indus Valley Societies

The Early Cities

Farming, Culture, and Commerce

The Decline of Harappan Society

Vedic India: The Aryan Impact

Aryan Incursions and the Rise of Vedic Culture

The Emergence of Caste

Family, Status, and Stability

The Religions of India

Jainism: Reverence for All Living Things

Buddhism: The Path to Inner Peace

Hinduism: Unity amid Diversity

Post-Vedic India: Connections and Divisions

Conflicts and Contacts with Persians and Greeks

The Rise of the Mauryan Empire

Ashoka’s Reign: Buddhism and Paternalism

India After Ashoka: New Connections and Conflicts

Indian Society and Culture

Caste, Family, and Gender

The Visual Arts

Science and Mathematics

Philosophy and Literature: Upanishads and Epics

Chapter Review

Chapter 4 The Origins of the Chinese Empire, to 220 C.E.

China’s Geographic Diversity

Early Chinese Societies

Predynastic China

Xia and Shang Societies

Chinese Writing

State and Society During the Zhou Dynasty

The Mandate of Heaven and Dynastic Cycle

Conflict, Chaos, and Commerce

The Central Asian Connection

The Classical Age of Chinese Philosophy

Confucianism: Noble-Minded Conduct and Familial Respect

Daoism: The Way That Cannot Be Spoken

Yin and Yang: The Balance of Forces in Nature

Legalism: Regulation, Coercion, and Control

The Birth of the Empire Under the Qin Dynasty

The First Emperor

The End of the Qin Dynasty

The Growth of the Empire Under the Han Dynasty

The Early Han: Confucian Bureaucracy and Military Expansion

Rebellion, Reform, and Ruin

The Later Han: Revival and Decline

Society, Technology, and the Silk Road

Han Society

Technical and Commercial Creativity

The Silk Road and the Sea Trade

Chapter Review

Chapter 5 Early American Societies: Connection and Isolation, 20,000 B.C.E-1500 C.E.

Origins and Arrival of the Amerinds

The Amerinds of North America

Two Hunter-Gatherer Bands

Five Limited-Scale Tribal Societies

Four Full-Scale Tribal Societies

Three Complex Societies

The Amerinds of Mesoamerica

The Olmec of the Preclassic Period (1800 B.C.E.–150 C.E.)

The Maya of the Classic Period (150–900 C.E.)

Teotihuacán: Rise and Fall of a Great City-State

The Toltec: Conflict Between Warriors and Priests

South America: Societies of the Andes

Hunter-Gatherers and the Chavín Society

Nazca and Moche Societies

Tiahuanaco, Huari, and Chimor

Chapter Review

Chapter 6 The Persian Connection: Its Impact and Influences, 2000 B.C.E-637 C.E.

The Persian Empire

Geographic Challenges Confront the First Persians

Cyrus the Great

Persian Governance and Society: Links with Mesopotamia

From Cyrus to Darius

Administration of the Empire

Mesopotamian Influences: Law, Administration, and Commerce

Persian Society and Culture


A Religion of Good and Evil

Social and Political Content

Confrontation with Greece

The Ionian Revolt and the Persian Response

Xerxes and the Invasion of Greece


Persian Resurgence

The Macedonian Conquest and Its Successor States

The End of the Persian Empire

Persia Under Macedonian Rule

The Parthian Empire

The Sasanian Empire

Chapter Review

Chapter 7 Greek Civilization and Its Expansion into Asia, 2000-30 B.C.E.

Early Greece

Mycenae and Crete

The Polis

Archaic Greece, 700–500 B.C.E.

Greek Colonization and the Spread of Greek Culture

Rivalry Between Sparta and Athens

Classical Greece, 500–338 B.C.E.

The Persian Wars

Athenian Dominance and the Spartan Response

The Peloponnesian War

The Arts and Philosophy in Classical Greece

Architecture, Sculpture, and Pottery

Greek Drama


Classical Greek Society and Religion

Free Labor and Slavery

The Status of Women

Greek Religion

The Empire of Alexander the Great

Alexander’s Conquests

The Fate and Impact of Alexander’s Empire

Connections and Conflicts in the Hellenistic World

Commercial and Cultural Connections

Politics and Governance

Chapter Review

Chapter 8 The Romans Connect the Mediterranean World, 753 B.C.E.-284 C.E.

The Roman Republic to 133 B.C.E.

Rivalry with Etruria

The Republic and Its Foundation in Law

The Punic Wars and Rome’s Mediterranean Domination

Changes in Society and Culture

Dissatisfaction with the Republic

Social Discontent and Decline in Popular Rule

Julius Caesar

The Birth of the Roman Empire

The Rise of Octavian

From Republic to Empire

Greco-Roman Culture

Challenges to Augustus’s Work

Roman Religion and the Rise of Christianity

Rome’s Polytheistic Religion

Jewish Resistance and Eastern Cults

Paul of Tarsus and the Spread of Christianity

From Golden Age to Disarray

Commercial Connections

The Empire in Disarray

Chapter Review

Part II: Trans-Regional Conflicts and Religious Connections, 200–1200 C.E.

Chapter 9 Germanic Societies and the Emergence of the Christian West, 100-1100 C.E.

The Germanic Peoples

Germanic Society: Kinship and Combat

Germanic Migrations and Their Threat to Rome

The Decline of the Western Roman Empire

The Divided Empire and Its Eastern Orientation

The Triumph and Transformation of Christianity

Crisis and Chaos in the West

The Fall of Rome and End of the Western Roman Empire

Early Medieval Europe: Germanic and Christian Connections

The Emergence of Germanic Kingdoms

The Early Medieval Church: Expansion and Adaptation

The Franks and Their Effort to Reunite the West

Vikings, Muslims, and Magyars: Invasions and Connections

Europe’s Warrior Nobility: Protection, Land, and Power

Economy and Society: Manors, Lords, and Serfs

The Decline and Revival of the Western Church

From Scandal to Reform

The Great Schism of 1054

The Power of the Popes

Chapter Review

Chapter 10 The Byzantine World, 284-1240

The Foundations of Byzantine Governance

Constantine and the Christian Church

The Union of Church and State

Early Byzantium: Challenges and Survival

Justinian and Theodora

Byzantine Society

Crises of the Seventh Century

Eastern Christianity’s Culture and Conflicts

Foreign Conflicts and Byzantium’s Decline

The Arab Conflict

The Turkish Conquests

Pre-Christian Russia

Russia’s Difficult Climate and Terrain

Early Cultures and Conflicts

Kievan Rus Connects to the Byzantine World

The First Period: Early Rulers and Campaigns

The Second Period: Connections to Christendom

The Third Period: Chaos and Conflict

Economy and Society

The End of Early Russian Civilization

Chapter Review

Chapter 11 The Origins and Expansion of Islam, 100-750

Pre-Islamic Arabia

Camels and Commerce

The Collapse of Southern Arabia and the Rise of Mecca

The Rise of Islam

The Prophet Muhammad

From Mecca to Medina

Islam Expands, 632–661

An Agreement Between Leader and Followers

The Challenge to a Unified Islam

The Umayyad Caliphate, 661–750

Umayyad Expansion

Collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate

Society and Culture in Early Islam

Religious Observance: The Mosque

Legal Uniformity: The Sharìah

Tolerance of Other Faiths

Chapter Review

Chapter 12 Religion and Diversity in the Transformation of Southern Asia, 711-1400

Islam Expands Eastward

Islamic Persia and the Abbasid Caliphate

Persian Influences on Islamic Governance and Culture

The Impact of Shi’ite Opposition

The Rise of Baghdad

Cosmopolitan Islam

Abbasid Governance

Commerce and Culture in the Abbasid Caliphate

Sufis and Fundamentalists

The Decline of the Abbasid Caliphate

Forces of Disintegration

Continuity of Islamic Unity and Expansion

The Gupta Empire in India

Gupta Rule and Achievements

Conflict and Collapse

The Islamic Impact on India

Islamic Invasions from Persia

Conflict and Connection: Muslims and Hindus

India’s Influence on Southeast Asia

Funan: The First Southeast Asian State

The Cambodian Empire

Srivijaya: Coalition and Cultural Blend

Chapter Review

Chapter 13 Early African Societies, 1500 B.C.E.-1500 C.E.

Africa Before Islam

The Bantu Migrations: Cohesion in Diversity

Regional Cultural Adaptations

Clans and Kingdoms

African Traditional Religion

Early African Culture

Islamic Africa and Spain: Commercial and Cultural Networks

Islamic North Africa

Cosmopolitan Umayyad Spain

Fatimid Egypt

Trade Across the Sahara

Early Saharan Trade

Islam’s Interaction with West Africa

West African Kingdoms: Ghana and Mali

The Conversion of Ghana

Islamic Mali, 1200–1450

Ethiopia’s Christian Kingdom

The City-States of East Africa

Development of a Bantu-Arab Culture

East and West Africa Compared

The Bantu Connection: Central and Southern Africa

The Bantu Influence

Great Zimbabwe

Chapter Review

Chapter 14 The Evolution and Expansion of East Asian Societies, 220-1240 C.E.

China’s Age of Disunity, 220–589

The Three Kingdoms Era

Division, Invasion, Adaptation, and Migration

Central Asian Connections and the Arrival of Buddhism

The Spread of Buddhism in China

China’s Age of Preeminence, 589–1279

China Reunited: the Sui Dynasty, 589–618

China Triumphant: The Tang Dynasty, 618–907

China in Turmoil: Ten Kingdoms and Five Dynasties, 907–960

China Resurgent: The Song Dynasty, 960–1127

China Divided: Jurchens and Southern Song, 1127–1279

Highlights and Hallmarks of Chinese Society

Commercial and Technological Innovations

Spiritual, Intellectual, and Cultural Creativity

Urban and Rural Society

Vietnam and the Chinese Impact

Vietnam Under Chinese Dominion

Vietnamese Autonomy

Korea and the Chinese Impact

Early Chinese Influence in Korea

The Kingdom of Koryo, 935–1392

The Emergence of Japan

Early Borrowing from China

The Heian Era: Divergence from China

The Rise of the Warrior Class

Chapter Review

Part III: Cross-Cultural Conflicts And Commercial Connections, 1000–1650

Chapter 15 Nomadic Conquests and Eurasian Connections, 1000-1400

The Nomads of Central Asia

Herding and Horsemanship

Family and Social Structure

Contacts and Conflicts with Settled Societies

The Rise and Fall of the Seljuk Turks

The Seljuk Conquests

The Great Seljuk Empire

The Fragmentation of the Seljuk Realm

The Mongol Invasions

The Conquests of Genghis Khan

Reasons for Mongol Success

The Mongol Khanates: Conquest, Adaptation,and Conversion

East Asia: Khubilai Khan and His Mongol-Chinese Empire

Southwest Asia: Mongol Devastation and Muslim Resilience

Russia: Conquest, Tribute, and the Tatar Yoke

Central Asia: The Struggle to Maintain the Mongol Heritage

The Mongol Impact: Connections and Consequences

Trade and Travel: The Pax Mongolica

Exchanges of Ideas and Technologies

The Plague Pandemic

The End of the Mongol Era

Chapter Review

Chapter 16 The Resurgence of the Christian West, 1050-1530

Conflicts and Connections Between Europe and Islam

Christians and Muslims in Iberia

The First Crusade: “It Is God’s Will!”

The Muslim Response and the Later Crusades

Islamic Impacts on Western Commerce and Culture

The High Middle Ages

Agricultural Advances

The Growth of Towns and Trade

The Rise of Royal Authority

The Revitalized Roman Church

Intellectual and Cultural Developments

Exaltation of Women and Marriage

The Decline of the Middle Ages

The Avignon Popes

Famine, Plague, and Social Unrest

The Great Western Schism

Europe in Disarray

The European Renaissance

Roots and Attributes of the Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

The Northern European Renaissance

Social and Political Effects

Chapter Review

Chapter 17 Culture and Conflict in the Great Islamic Empires, 1071-1707

The Conquests of Timur Lenk

Timur’s Strengths and Good Fortunes

Attack on the Ottomans

Timur as Warrior and Administrator

The Cosmopolitan Ottoman Empire

Ottomans and Byzantines

Mehmed the Conqueror

The Ottoman State and Society

Suleiman the Magnificent

A Faltering Empire

Safavid Persia: A Shi’ite State

Shi’ite Islam as a Unifying Force

Regional and Islamic Influence on Family and Gender Roles

The Mughal Empire: A Muslim Minority Rules India

The Delhi Sultanate in India

Babur: Founding the Mughal Empire

Akbar’s Reign of Cultural Accommodation

The Great Mughals

Chapter Review

Chapter 18 The Aztec and Inca Empires, 1300-1550

The Great Amerind Empires

The Aztec Empire

Tenochtitlán: City in the Lake

Exploitation and Human Sacrifice

Society and Culture

The Inca Empire

A Unified Empire

Society and Economy

Adaptation to the Andes

Governance and Religion

Aztec and Inca on the Eve of Invasion

The Invasion and Conquest of Mexico

The Arrival of the Spaniards

Encounter Between Aztecs and Spaniards

The End of the Aztec Empire

Reasons for the Spanish Victory

The Invasion and Conquest of Peru

Upheavals Among the Inca

Encounter Between Inca and Spaniards

Cajamarca and the End of the Inca Empire

Reasons for the Spanish Victory

Chapter Review

Chapter 19 The Global Exploration and Global empires, 1400-1700

The Iberian Impulse

Portuguese Overseas Exploration

Columbus’s Enterprise of the Indies

The Voyage of Magellan

The Portuguese Seaborne Empire

Empire in the Atlantic Ocean

Empire in the Indian and Pacific Oceans

Portugal’s Commercial Empire in 1600

The Spanish and Portuguese Empires in America

The Amerind Foundation

Slave Labor

Government and Administration

The Colonial Church

Society in the Iberian Empires

Amerinds and Europeans in North America

Coalitions and Contacts

The Coming of the Europeans

Disease and Demographic Decline

The Columbian Exchange

Chapter Review

Chapter 20 The West in an Age of Religious Conflict and GLobal Expansion, 1500-1650

The Protestant Reformation

Roots of the Reformation

The Lutheran Revolt

The Rising Tide of Rebellion

Henry VIII and the English Reformation

Calvin and the Elect

The Spread of Protestantism

The Catholic Counterreformation

The Council of Trent

The Roman and Spanish Inquisitions

New Religious Orders

Religious and Political Strife in Europe

The Spanish Catholic Crusade

The Wars of Religion in France

The Thirty Years War

The Globalization of Western Christianity and Commerce

Catholicism’s Global Expansion

Merchant Capitalism and Global Trade

Colonies, Commerce, and Religion

Western Society in an Age of Religious and Economic Change

Warfare, Disease, and Witch Hunts

Social Effects of Economic Expansion

Family, Gender, Education, and Diet

Changes in the Role of Religion

Chapter Review


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