This innovative thematic anthology helps students make connections among works of literature from different eras and cultures; works of literature and life experiences; works of literature and works of art, as well as other visual images; and different genres and themes. With more than 150 literary selections, Connections presents a diverse mix of classic, modern, and contemporary voices spanning cultures and genres. Arranged around six timely and timeless themes, the selections are relevant and thought provoking to students. Collectively these thematic clusters form a coherent, yet flexible, "Literary Exploration of Human Nature," including: (1) obedience and rebellion; (2) love and lust; (3) honesty and deception; (4) vengeance and forgiveness; (5) industry and indulgence; and (6) greed, gluttony, and generosity. Each of the six thematic sections concludes by focusing on "Common Characters" that students will recognize: Icarus, Don Juan, the Trickster, the Prodigal Son, the Rags-to-Riches Figure, and the Gambler.
D. Quentin Miller is Professor of English at Suffolk University in Boston, where he teaches fiction writing and literature. He is the author of "A CRIMINAL POWER": JAMES BALDWIN AND THE LAW and JOHN UPDIKE AND THE COLD WAR, and the editor of RE-VIEWING JAMES BALDWIN: THINGS NOT SEEN and PROSE AND CONS: NEW ESSAYS ON CONTEMPORARY U.S. PRISON LITERATURE. He is also the coauthor of the literature for composition textbook CONNECTIONS and the author of the composition textbook THE GENERATION OF IDEAS. His articles have appeared in such journals as American Literature, Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers, The Hemingway Review, Forum for Modern Language Studies, and American Literary Realism.
I. Reading, Writing, and Argument 1. Reading Literature Thinking Critically about Human Nature Animal Nature: Reading Allegories Mark Twain, "A Fable" The Nature of Reading Nikki Giovanni, "Woman" 2. Writing about Literature Why Write? What Do I Know? Audience Getting Started The Reading Journal Outlining, Brainstorming, and Freewriting Annotating and Questioning a Text Illustration of Prewriting: Collette's "The Other Wife" Colette, "The Other Wife" (Translated by Matthew Ward) The Drafting Process The First Rough Draft The Next Drafts Evidence Elements of the Final Draft: A Checklist 3. Constructing an Argument Matters of Opinion Evidence: The Burden of Proof Audience Interpretation Organization and Coherence Persuasion Tone II. Reading and Writing about Literary Genres 4. Reading and Writing about Fiction Elements of Fiction Point of View Plot Character Setting Theme Student Essay on Jhumpa Lahiri's "This Blessed House" Jhumpa Lahiri, "This Blessed House" Sarah Himberger, "An Ironic Blessing" 5. Reading and Writing about Poetry What Is a Poem? Words into Lines Ezra Pound, "In a Station of the Metro" George Herbert, "The Altar" Verse, Rhyme, Assonance, and Alliteration Meter Form Sir Thomas Wyatt the Elder, "Farewell, Love" Countee Cullen, "Yet I Do Marvel" Lyric, Epic, and Other Types Dudley Randall, "Ballad of Birmingham" Alexander Pope, "Ode on Solitude" Figurative Language Student Essay on Langston Hughes's "The Weary Blues" Langston Hughes, "The Weary Blues" Kristin Seabolt, "Movement and Change in 'The Weary Blues'" 6. Reading and Writing about Drama A Brief History of Drama Elements of Drama Tragedy, Comedy, and Other Distinctions Student Essay on Susan Glaspell's Trifles Susan Glaspell, "Trifles" Darryl Holliday, "Trifles: Susan Glaspell's Social Theater" 7. Reading and Writing about Essays Types of Essays Analyzing Essays Student Essay on Sir Henry Taylor's "On Secrecy" Sir Henry Taylor, "On Secrecy" Lacey Perkins, "Secrecy in the Information Age" 8. Reading and Writing about Film Characters Point of View and the Camera Mise-en-Scène Editing Sound Films Adapted from Books Be Specific Student Essay on Casablanca Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, and Howard Koch, from Casablanca Jineyda Tapia, "Classic Casablanca" III. Critical Strategies for Research 9. Critical Approaches to Literature Robert Herrick, "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" A Formalist Approach to "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" Historical Approaches to "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" A Gender-Based Approach to "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" A Psychological Approach to "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" A Reader-Response Approach to "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time" 10. Writing the Literary Research Paper Getting Started What Is a Source? Library Research Internet Sources Avoiding Plagiarism Citing Sources The Works Cited Page 11. A Step-by-Step Example of the Research Process Research Log and Prewriting Sources: Selected Criticism on Rebecca Harding Davis and "Life in the Iron-Mills" Walter Hesford, from Literary Contexts of "Life in the Iron-Mills" Janice Milner Lasseter, from The Censored and Uncensored Literary Lives of "Life in the Iron-Mills" Andrew Silver, from "Unnatural Unions": Picturesque Travel, Sexual Politics, and Working-Class Representation in "A Night under Ground" and "Life in the Iron-Mills" Sheila Hassell Hughes, from Between Bodies of Knowledge There Is a Great Gulf Fixed: A Liberationalist Reading of Class and Gender in "Life in the Iron-Mills" Notes and Quotations Final Draft IV. Literary Explorations of Human Nature 12. Obedience and Rebellion FICTION William Dean Howells, "Editha" Shirley Jackson, "The Lottery" Albert Camus, "The Guest" (Translated by Justin O'Brien) John Updike, "A & P" Jamaica Kincaid, "Girl" Amy Tan, "Rules of the Game" Elizabeth McKenzie, "Stop That Girl" POETRY Felicia Dorothea Hemans, "Casabianca" Christina Rossetti, "Goblin Market" Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "The Charge of the Light Brigade" Emily Dickinson, "Much Madness is divinest Sense—" (435) Wilfred Owen, "Dulce et Decorum Est" T.S. Eliot, "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" W.H. Auden, "The Unknown Citizen" Dylan Thomas, "Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night" Gregory Corso, "Marriage" DRAMA Wole Soyinka, Death and the King's Horseman ESSAYS Henry David Thoreau, "Civil Disobedience" George Orwell, "Shooting an Elephant" Sarah Vowell, "Take the Cannoli" CONSIDERING ART: Obedience and Rebellion COMMON CHARACTERS: Icarus Robert Graves, from The Greek Myths Ovid, from Metamorphoses (Translated by Rolfe Humphries) Edith Hamilton, "A Great Adventure" W.H. Auden, "Musee Des Beaux Arts" Joni Mitchell, "Amelia" (song lyric from Hejira) Reginald Shepard, "Icarus on Fire Island" Jack Gilbert, "Failing and Flying" CONSIDERING ART: Icarus 13. Love and Lust FICTION James Joyce, "The Dead" Ryunosuke Akutagawa, "Kesa and Morito" John Updike, "Wife-Wooing" Bharati Mukherjee, "The Tenant" Susan Minot, "Lust " POETRY Christopher Marlowe, "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love" Sir Walter Raleigh, "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" William Shakespeare, "My mistress's eyes are nothing like the sun" (Sonnet 130) William Shakespeare, "My love is a fever longing still" (Sonnet 147) Thomas Carew, "A Rapture" Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress" Aphra Behn, "The Disappointment" John Keats, "And what is Love? It is a doll dressed up" Elizabeth Barrett Browning, "How do I Love Thee? Let Me Count the Ways" Emily Dickinson, "Wild Nights—Wild Nights!" (249) Edna St. Vincent Millay, "What Lips My Lips Have Kissed" Octavio Paz, "Two Bodies" Sharon Olds, "Sex without Love" Rita Dove, "Courtship" DRAMA Tennessee Williams, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof ESSAYS Marie-Henri Beyle de Stendhal, "The Birth of Love" Robert Louis Stevenson, "On Marriage" CONSIDERING ART: Love and Lust COMMON CHARACTERS: Don Juan George Gordon, Lord Byron, from Don Juan, Canto I Gustave Flaubert, "Passion and Virtue: A Philosophical Tale" Dorothy Parker, "The Little Old Lady in Lavender Silk" V.S. Pritchett, "A Story of Don Juan" CONSIDERING ART: Don Juan 14. Honesty and Deception FICTION Charles Chestnutt, "The Wife of His Youth" Salman Rushdie, "The Prophet's Hair" David Long ,"Morphine" Alifa Rifaat, "Another Evening at the Club" (Translated by Denys Johnson-Davies) Ann Beattie, "Weekend" Raymond Carver, "Jerry and Molly and Sam" Mori Yoko, "Spring Storm" (Translated by Makoto Ueda) POETRY Sir Walter Raleigh, "The Lie" William Shakespeare, "When my love swears that she is made of truth" (Sonnet 138) Emily Dickinson, "Tell all the Truth but tell it slant" (1129) Paul Laurence Dunbar, "We Wear the Mask" Thomas Hardy, "At Tea" Langston Hughes, "Theme for English B" Louise Glück, "The Mountain" Richard Wilbur, "Lying" Mark Halperin, "The Escape" Jessica Greenbaum, "Sonnets for the Autobiographical Urban Dweller" Melissa Kwasny, "Deception" Nathasha Trethewey, "Letter Home" DRAMA Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest ESSAYS Maxine Hong Kingston, "No Name Woman" CONSIDERING ART: Honesty and Deception COMMON CHARACTERS: The Trickster Figure Algonquin Folk Tale, "Manabozho, The Great Hare" Joseph Jacobs, "Molly Whuppie" Virginia Hamilton, "Little Girl and Buh Rabby" S.E. Schlosser, "Brer Rabbit Meets a Tar Baby" Robert Browning, "The Pied Piper of Hamelin" Mark Twain, from The Adventures of Tom Sawyer CONSIDERING ART: The Trickster Figure 15. Vengeance and Forgiveness FICTION Edgar Allan Poe, "The Cask of Amontillado" Edith Wharton, "Roman Fever" Zora Neale Hurston, "Sweat" F. Scott Fitzgerald, "Babylon Revisited" Sembene Ousmane, "Her Three Days" E. Annie Proulx, "On the Antler" Andre Dubus, "Killings" Fay Weldon, "Inspector Remorse" POETRY Andrew Marvell, "The Mower's Song" Robert Herrick, "The Bubble: A Song" Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" Emily Dickinson, "Mine Enemy is growing old" (1509) Robert Frost, "Fire and Ice" Margaret Walker, "Since 1619" Langston Hughes, "Harlem" Nellie Wong, "Mama Come Back" Marilyn Nelson, "Minor Miracle" Galway Kinnell, "It All Comes Back" DRAMA Euripedes, Medea (Translated by E.P. Coleridge) ESSAYS Sir Francis Bacon, "On Revenge" Martin Luther King, Jr., "Letter from Birmingham Jail" CONSIDERING ART: Vengeance and Forgiveness COMMON CHARACTERS: The Prodigal Son Luke, The Parable of the Lost Son James Baldwin, "Sonny's Blues" Alice Walker, "Everyday Use" CONSIDERING ART: The Prodigal Son 16. Industry and Idleness FICTION Washington Irving, "Rip Van Winkle: A Posthumous Writing of Diedrich Knickerbocker" Rebecca Harding Davis, "Life in the Iron-Mills" Herman Melville, "Bartleby the Scrivener: A Tale of Wall-street" Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, "The Interview" Ann Cummins, "Where I Work" POETRY Stephen Duck, "The Thresher's Labour" Mary Collier, "The Woman's Labour: To Mr. Stephen Duck" Joanna Baillie, "Hay Making" William Wordsworth, "The Solitary Reaper" Walt Whitman, "Sparkles from the Wheel" Alfred, Lord Tennyson, "Ulysses" Robert Frost, "The Tuft of Flowers" Philip Larkin, "Toads" and "Toads Revisited" Theodore Roethke, "Dolor" Marge Piercy, "The Secretary Chant" Philip Levine, "What Work Is" Seamus Heaney, "Digging" Elizabeth Alexander, "Blues" DRAMA Shakespeare, The First Part of Henry the Fourth ESSAYS Virginia Woolf, "Professions for Women" Aristides, "Work and Its Contents" CONSIDERING ART: Industry and Idleness COMMON CHARACTERS: The Rags-to-Riches Figure Edward Arlington Robinson, "Richard Cory" Thomas Hardy, "The Ruined Maid" Anne Sexton, "Cinderella" Russell Banks, "Success Story" CONSIDERING ART: The Rags-to-Riches Figure 17. Greed, Gluttony, and Generosity FICTION W.W. Jacobs, "The Monkey's Paw" O. Henry, "The Gift of the Magi" D.H. Lawrence, "The Rocking Horse Winner" Tobias Wolff, "The Rich Brother" Gish Jen, "In the American Society" POETRY William Wordsworth, "The World Is Too Much with Us" Arthur Hugh Clough, "Le Dîner" William Carlos Williams, "This Is Just to Say" Cesar Vallejo, "Our Daily Bread" (Translated by James Wright) Pablo Neruda, "The Beggars" (Translated by Ben Belitt) Diane Wakoski, "The Greed That Is Not Greed" Barbara Ras, "You Can't Have It All" Allen Ginsberg, "C'mon Pigs of Western Civilization Eat More Grease" Ai, "Greed" William Matthews, "The Bear at the Dump" DRAMA Molière, The Miser (Translated by Charles Heron Wall) ESSAYS Abraham Cowley, "Of Avarice" M.F.K. Fisher, "Young Hunger" Natalia Ginzburg, "The Little Virtues" (Translated by Dick Davis) CONSIDERING ART: Greed, Gluttony, and Generosity COMMON CHARACTERS: The Gambler Charles Baudelaire, "The Gamblers" (Translated by Richard Howard) Stuart Dischell, "Days of Me" Louise Erdrich, "Raspberry Sun (Fleur)" CONSIDERING ART: The Gambler Glossary Credits Index of Terms Index of Authors, and Titles