Conroversies in Science and Technology: From Maize to Menopause

Hardcover (Print)
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Overview

Written for general readers, teachers, journalists, and policymakers, this volume explores four controversial topics in science and technology, with commentaries from experts in such fields as sociology, religion, law, ethics, and politics:

* Antibiotics and Resistance: the science, the policy debates, and perspectives from a microbiologist, a veterinarian, and an M.D.

* Genetically Modified Maize and Gene Flow: the science of genetic modification, protecting genetic diversity, agricultural biotech vesus the environment, corporate patents versus farmers' rights

* Hormone Replacement Theory and Menopause: overview of the Women's Health Initiative, history of hormone replacement therapy, the medicalization of menopause, hormone replacement therapy and clinical trials

* Smallpox: historical and medical overview of smallpox, government policies for public health, the Emergency Health Powers Act, public resistance vs. cooperation.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Daniel Lee Kleinman is associate professor of rural sociology at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and author of Impure Cultures: University Biology and the World of Commerce. Abby J. Kinchy is research assistant in rural sociology at UW–Madison. Jo Handelsman is the Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor in the Department of Plant Pathology and codirector of the Women in Science and Engineering Leadership Institute at UW–Madison.
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Table of Contents

Introduction : from maize to menopause 23
1 Antibiotic resistance : the agricultural connection 23
2 Agricultural antibiotics : features of a controversy 37
3 Agricultural uses of antibiotics : evaluating possible safety concerns 52
4 Antibiotics in animal agriculture : an ecosystem dilemma 67
5 The impact of antibiotic use in agriculture on human health and the appropriate public policy response 83
6 Genetic modification and gene flow : an overview 107
7 Introduction of transgenic crops in centers of origin and domestication 119
8 Agricultural biotechnology science compromised : the case of Quist and Chapela 135
9 Hard red spring wheat at a genetic crossroad : rural prosperity or corporate hegemony? 150
10 Agricultural biotechnology and the environmental challenge 169
11 Postmenopausal hormones : an overview 181
12 The medicalization of menopause in America, 1897-2000 : mapping the terrain 198
13 The history of hormone replacement therapy : a timeline 219
14 Symptom reporting at the end of menstruation : biological variation and cultural difference 236
15 Evidence-based medicine and clinical practice 254
16 Smallpox : the disease, the virus, and the vaccine 273
17 The Model State Emergency Health Powers Act : a tool for public health preparedness 283
18 The states and the war against bioterrorism : reactions to the federal smallpox campaign and the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act 297
19 Public resistance or cooperation? : a tale of smallpox in two cities 311
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