Consciousness and Society / Edition 1

Consciousness and Society / Edition 1

by H. Stuart Hughes
     
 

ISBN-10: 0765809184

ISBN-13: 9780765809186

Pub. Date: 06/11/2002

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

H. Stuart Hughes was perhaps the greatest chronicler of the modern intellectual history of Europe. His monumental work, Consciousness and Society, was a benchmark. The original publication of the book marks the first time an author undertook with such power or so broad a scope the canvas used by the generation of 1890's Europe. When it was first

Overview

H. Stuart Hughes was perhaps the greatest chronicler of the modern intellectual history of Europe. His monumental work, Consciousness and Society, was a benchmark. The original publication of the book marks the first time an author undertook with such power or so broad a scope the canvas used by the generation of 1890's Europe. When it was first published, Consciousness and Society was greeted with much respect and admiration. It still affects the way historians and political theorists approach their work.

Hughes' ideas, and the way they are expressed in Consciousness and Society, have become paradigms of twentieth-century scholarship. In dealing with the changing social thought after 1890 in Europe, Hughes covers a wide array of thinkers and issues in a scholarly, yet graceful manner. His is a study of the "cluster of genius" of Europe at that time: Croce, Durkheim, Freud, Weber, and Nietzsche, as well as other great European minds. The book explores questions that are still relevant in today's society: Is the separation of facts and values tenable, or even desirable? Can rationality accommodate the ideas of a Bergson or a Freud? Is there, or should there be, a relationship between science and religion? And does history have any ultimate meaning for later generations?

Consciousness and Society was the first of a trilogy, the latter two being The Obstructed Path and The Sea Change. While the subsequent studies are also groundbreaking and significant works, it was Consciousness and Society that established Hughes' rank in the field of intellectual history. Hughes approaches his subjects, as he later did with pertinent issues of the twentieth-century, with both reason and compassion. This edition includes an elegant new introduction by the distinguished political scientist Stanley Hoffmann.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780765809186
Publisher:
Transaction Publishers
Publication date:
06/11/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
449
Sales rank:
861,065
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.04(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Editionxi
Acknowledgmentsxv
1.Some Preliminary Observations3
2.The Decade of the 1890's: The Revolt against Positivism33
3.The Critique of Marxism67
I.Durkheim and Marxism as Moral Passion75
II.Pareto and the Theory of the Elite78
III.Croce and Historical Materialism as a Canon of Interpretation82
IV.Sorel and Marxism as "Social Poetry"90
Postscript: Gramsci and Marxist Humanism96
4.The Recovery of the Unconscious105
I.The Philosophical and Scientific Setting105
II.Bergson and the Uses of Intuition113
III.Sigmund Freud: Epistemology and Metaphysics125
IV.Sigmund Freud: Social Philosophy136
V.Jung and the "Collective Unconscious"153
5.Georges Sorel's Search for Reality161
6.Neo-Idealism in History183
I.The German Idealist Tradition183
II.Dilthey and the Definition of the "Cultural Sciences"192
III.Benedetto Croce: From the "First Essays" to the "Historiography"200
IV.Benedetto Croce: The Concept of Ethico-Political History213
V.Troeltsch, Meinecke, and the Crisis in German Values229
7.The Heirs of Machiavelli: Pareto, Mosca, Michels249
Postscript: Alain and the Restatement of Radicalism274
8.Max Weber and the Transcending of Positivism and Idealism278
Preamble: Durkheim and the Positivist Remainder278
I.Intellectual Origins and Early Production287
II.The Methodological Phase296
III.The Studies of Religion314
IV.Sociology and History323
9.The European Imagination and the First World War336
I.The Generation of 1905337
II.Peguy and Alain-Fournier345
III.The Novelist and the Bourgeois World: Gide and Mann358
IV.The Moral Legacy of the War: Spengler and the "Elders"368
V.The Literary Sensations of the Postwar Years: Hesse, Proust, Pirandello378
10.The Decade of the 1920's: The Intellectuals at the Point of Cleavage392
I.The New Philosophical Interests395
II.The Social Question401
III.The Role of the Intellectuals: Mann, Benda, Mannheim404
IV.A Generation in Retrospect427
Bibliographical Note432
Index435

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