Consciousness & Society (Ppr) / Edition 1

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H. Stuart Hughes was perhaps the greatest chronicler of the modern intellectual history of Europe. His monumental work, Consciousness and Society, was a benchmark. The original publication of the book marks the first time an author undertook with such power or so broad a scope the canvas used by the generation of 1890's Europe. When it was first published, Consciousness and Society was greeted with much respect and admiration. It still affects the way historians and political theorists approach their work.

Hughes' ideas, and the way they are expressed in Consciousness and Society, have become paradigms of twentieth-century scholarship. In dealing with the changing social thought after 1890 in Europe, Hughes covers a wide array of thinkers and issues in a scholarly, yet graceful manner. His is a study of the "cluster of genius" of Europe at that time: Croce, Durkheim, Freud, Weber, and Nietzsche, as well as other great European minds. The book explores questions that are still relevant in today's society: Is the separation of facts and values tenable, or even desirable? Can rationality accommodate the ideas of a Bergson or a Freud? Is there, or should there be, a relationship between science and religion? And does history have any ultimate meaning for later generations? Consciousness and Society was the first of a trilogy, the latter two being The Obstructed Path and The Sea Change. While the subsequent studies are also groundbreaking and significant works, it was Consciousness and Society that established Hughes' rank in the field of intellectual history. Hughes approaches his subjects, as he later did with pertinent issues of the twentieth-century, with both reason and compassion. This edition includes an elegant new introduction by the distinguished political scientist Stanley Hoffmann.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780765809186
  • Publisher: Transaction Publishers
  • Publication date: 6/11/2002
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 468
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.04 (d)

Meet the Author

H. Stuart Hughes is emeritus professor of history at the University of California at San Diego. He was formerly professor of history at Harvard University. Among his many books are Prisoners of Hope: The Silver Age of the Italian Jews, Consciousness and Society, Between Commitment and Disillusion, and Sophisticated Rebels.

Stanley Hoffmann is Buttenwieser University Professor at Harvard University's Center for European Studies. He is the author of Primacy or World Order: American Foreign Policy since the Cold War, World Disorder: Troubled Peace in the Post-Cold War Era, and In Search of France, among others.

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Table of Contents

Introduction to the Transaction Edition
1 Some Preliminary Observations 3
2 The Decade of the 1890's: The Revolt against Positivism 33
3 The Critique of Marxism 67
I Durkheim and Marxism as Moral Passion 75
II Pareto and the Theory of the Elite 78
III Croce and Historical Materialism as a Canon of Interpretation 82
IV Sorel and Marxism as "Social Poetry" 90
Postscript: Gramsci and Marxist Humanism 96
4 The Recovery of the Unconscious 105
I The Philosophical and Scientific Setting 105
II Bergson and the Uses of Intuition 113
III Sigmund Freud: Epistemology and Metaphysics 125
IV Sigmund Freud: Social Philosophy 136
V Jung and the "Collective Unconscious" 153
5 Georges Sorel's Search for Reality 161
6 Neo-Idealism in History 183
I The German Idealist Tradition 183
II Dilthey and the Definition of the "Cultural Sciences" 192
III Benedetto Croce: From the "First Essays" to the "Historiography" 200
IV Benedetto Croce: The Concept of Ethico-Political History 213
V Troeltsch, Meinecke, and the Crisis in German Values 229
7 The Heirs of Machiavelli: Pareto, Mosca, Michels 249
Postscript: Alain and the Restatement of Radicalism 274
8 Max Weber and the Transcending of Positivism and Idealism 278
Preamble: Durkheim and the Positivist Remainder 278
I Intellectual Origins and Early Production 287
II The Methodological Phase 296
III The Studies of Religion 314
IV Sociology and History 323
9 The European Imagination and the First World War 336
I The Generation of 1905 337
II Peguy and Alain-Fournier 345
III The Novelist and the Bourgeois World: Gide and Mann 358
IV The Moral Legacy of the War: Spengler and the "Elders" 368
V The Literary Sensations of the Post-War Years: Hesse, Proust, Pirandello 378
10 The Decade of the 1920's: The Intellectuals at the Point of Cleavage 392
I The New Philosophical Interests 395
II The Social Question 401
III The Role of the Intellectuals: Mann, Benda, Mannheim 404
IV A Generation in Retrospect 427
Bibliographical Note 432
Index 435
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