Conscription and the Attlee Governments: The Politics and Policy of National Service 1945-1951

Overview


In the years immediately following the Second World War, Britain peacetime conscription was practiced for the first time. L.V. Scott examines the military thinking regarding conscription, showing how the 1947 National Service Act came to be regarded by the military as deficient and expensive. The demands of conscription retarded the development of an efficient post-war regular army. Scott explores the policies of both Labour and Conservative parties, tracing the process by which Labour, previously bitterly ...
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Overview


In the years immediately following the Second World War, Britain peacetime conscription was practiced for the first time. L.V. Scott examines the military thinking regarding conscription, showing how the 1947 National Service Act came to be regarded by the military as deficient and expensive. The demands of conscription retarded the development of an efficient post-war regular army. Scott explores the policies of both Labour and Conservative parties, tracing the process by which Labour, previously bitterly opposed to conscription, came to pass the 1947 Act. His book is a valuable analysis of an important political question and of changing assumptions about British defense priorities in the pivotal post-war years.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780198204213
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 12/28/1993
  • Series: Oxford Historical Monographs Series
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 5.75 (w) x 8.81 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 The Coalition Government and Post-war Conscription 15
3 The Continuation of the Call-up 1947-1948 46
4 The Military Argument for Conscription 67
5 The 1947 National Service Act 97
6 The Politics of the National Service Act 120
7 The Convertibility Crisis and its Aftermath 154
8 The Onset of the Cold War 186
9 Defence Policy, National Service, and the Cold War 1949-1951 219
10 Conclusion 260
Appendix 1: Strength of the Armed Forces and Women's Services of the United Kingdom, 1938-1951 276
Appendix 2: Demobilization 278
Appendix 3: Summary of 1947-1948 National Service Scheme 280
Appendix 4: Breakdown of National Service Intake, 1929-1933 281
Appendix 5: Army Organization: Pre-war and Post-war Comparisons 283
Appendix 6: Principal Persons 285
Bibliography 290
Index 297
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