Conservation: Protecting Our Plant Resources

Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present ail sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and ...

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Overview

Green Technology is an eight-volume set that examines the relationship between human activities and their sometimes harmful consequences for the environment and explores new methods of repairing and restoring the Earth. Approaching environmental issues confronting society from a technological perspective has spawned significant controversy, and the books in this set present ail sides of the debate. Designed to complement science curricula, the set also covers relevant history and new green technologies and innovations that will contribute to the field in the future.

Conservation: Protecting Our Plant Resources discusses the careful and controlled use of natural resources for the purpose of extending their availability and retaining global biodiversity. The book focuses on the timely issue of forest and plant conservation-punctuated by the often heated debates between environmentalists and industrialists-and its impact in determining how to best use the world's natural resources. Sidebars citing actual examples and statistics, figures, and case studies enhance fundamental concepts and give the reader a sense of the urgency of the issues related to conservation.

The volume includes information on

consequences of deforestation

desertification

ecoforestry

the history of forest conservation

riparian habitats

soil conservation

temperate, tropical, and boreal forest preservation

threats to forests

wood resources, production, and waste

worldwide forest management

The book contains 50 color photographs and line illustrations, an appendix of forest conservation organizations, a glossary, a detailed list of print and Internet resources, and an index. GreenTechnology is essential for high school students, teachers, and general readers who seek information on the important issues that affect the environment worldwide.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780816071999
  • Publisher: Facts on File, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 12/1/2009
  • Series: Green Technology Series
  • Pages: 216
  • Age range: 14 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 7.50 (w) x 9.30 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Acknowledgments xi

Introduction xiii

1 Forests and the Water Cycle 1

Earth's Most Threatened Biome 2

The Water Cycle 7

Forests and Biodiversity 10

The Forest Canopy 11

Case Study: Conservation in Costa Rica 14

History of Forest Conservation 16

Forest Economics 20

Forest Management Worldwide 23

Conclusion 26

2 Analyzing Threats to Forests 28

The Rate of Deforestation 29

Population Encroachment 33

Case Study: Conserving Nature's Pharmacy 34

Kudzu 36

Agriculture, Logging, and Industry 37

Climate Change 42

Pollution and Pests 44

Consequences of Deforestation 46

Conclusion 47

3 Tropical Forest Preservation 49

Tropical Forest Loss 51

Primary Causes of Tropical Forest Loss 55

Secondary Causes of Tropical Forest Loss 56

Chico Mendes-Activist for the Brazilian Rain Forest 58

Restoration and Sustainable Harvesting 60

Action Plans for Tropical Forests 64

Case Study: Ecotourism in Belize's Rain Forests 66

Challenges in Restoration 66

Conclusion 68

4 Temperate and Boreal Forest Preservation 71

Temperate and Boreal Forest Loss 73

Old-Growth Forest Ecosystems 78

Timber Harvesting 78

Forest Roads 82

Case Study: Boreal-Earth's Northern Woods 84

Fire Management 86

Legal Protections for Forests 89

Ecoforestry 91

John Muir 92

Forest Biotechnology 94

Conclusion 96

5 Desertification 98

Barren Land 100

Reasons for Desertification 102

Threats to Grasslands 104

Irrigation 106

Drought 106

Soil Conservation 109

Conservation Farming 110

Case Study: Lake Chad Is Shrinking 112

Sustainable Livestock Production 114

Desalination of Water 114

Conclusion 117

6 Saving RiparianHabitats 119

Watersheds and Ecology 120

Threats to Waterways 121

Salmon 124

Dams 125

Riparian Ecosystems 127

Three Gorges Dam 128

Value of Riparian Ecosystems 131

Passive Restoration of Riparian Habitat 133

Lawns, Turfgrass, and Erosion 134

Active Restoration of Riparian Habitat 135

Wetlands Restoration 138

Case Study: The World's Barrier Islands 140

Conclusion 143

7 Reducing Wood Waste 144

The Timber Industry 146

Paper 147

Theodore Roosevelt 148

Sustainable Wood Production 151

Wood Alternatives 152

Tree Nurseries 153

Recycled and Scrap Wood 156

Renewable Wood Resources 157

Case Study: The National Registry of Historic Trees 158

Conclusion 160

8 Future Needs 162

Appendix 165

Glossary 168

Further Resources 176

Index 189

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