Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice

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Overview

Conservation medicine is an emerging discipline, focussing on the intersection of ecosystem health, animal health, and human health. Work in the biomedical and veterinary sciences is now being folded into conservation biology; to explore the connections between animal and human health; trace the environmental sources of pathogens and pollutants; develop an understanding of the ecological causes of changes in human and animal health; and understand the consequences of diseases to populations and ecological communities. Conservation Medicine defines this new discipline. It examines ecological health issues from various standpoints, including the emergence and resurgence of infectious disease agents; the increasing impacts of toxic chemicals and hazardous substances; and the health implications of habitat fragmentation and degradation and loss of biodiversity. It will provide a framework to examine the connections between the health of the planet and the health of all species and challenge practitioners and students in the health sciences and natural sciences to think about new, collaborative ways to address ecological health concerns.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Julia K Whittington, DVM (University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine)
Description: This multiauthored book's 29 chapters are divided into five sections covering ecological health and change, monitoring ecological health, ecological health and humans, implementing conservation medicine, conservation medicine and challenges for the future.
Purpose: It is intended to be a primer for those persons interested in promoting ecological health. This book goes far beyond that goal as it addresses issues critical for all persons, not just the practitioners for whom it is intended. The book provides a wonderful overview of the evolving, broad-reaching discipline of conservation medicine.
Audience: It is written for practitioners and students in the fields of health and ecology, but the potential audience that would benefit is much greater. Any person, scientist or otherwise, interested in ecology, human medicine, veterinary medicine, public health, conservation biology, or ecosystem health would gain from and thoroughly enjoy the insight and knowledge imparted in this book. The contributing author list is impressive and the information they set forth is the collective fruit of international scholarly work.
Features: At its heart is the central idea that conservation medicine is the discipline that embraces the intertwined fields of ecosystem, animal, and human health. From there, the authors seek to explore the many different ways that all living organisms interact and to illustrate the cause and effect relationships they develop. No one field or discipline is emphasized more than the others because they are all important and related. Especially insightful are the chapters discussing emerging and infectious diseases. The authors and editors have done an excellent job of using ecological models or studies to illustrate important and relevant topics. The only shortcoming of this book is that it ended too soon.
Assessment: This is an extremely valuable tool for practitioners in ecosystem health and management as well as in medicine. The thought-provoking topics are well organized and informative. This book will be instrumental in training future professionals interested in conservation medicine.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195150933
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/26/2002
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 432
  • Lexile: 1530L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 6.40 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Wildlife Trust

Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Wilburforce Foundation

USDA Foreign Animal Disease Diagnostic Lab

Wildlife Trust

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Contributors
Part I: Ecological Health and Change
1. Introduction, James G. Else and Mark A. Pokras
2. Defining Conservation Medicine, Gary M. Tabor
3. Conservation Medicine: The Birth of Another Crisis Discipline, Richard S. Ostfeld, Gary K. Meffe and Mary C. Pearl
4. Biodiversity, Climate Change and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Paul R. Epstein
5. Emerging Infectious Diseases: A Key Role for Conservation Medicine, Peter Daszak and Andrew A. Cunningham
6. Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Human and Wildlife Health, Theo Colborn
Part II: Monitoring Ecological Health
7. Monitoring the Health and Conservation of Marine Mammals, Sea Turtles, and Their Ecosystems, A. Alonso Aguirre, Todd M. O'Hara, Terry R. Spraker and David A. Jessup
8. Disease Monitoring for the Conservation of Terrestrial Animals, Linda Munson and William B. Karesh
9. Emergence of Infectious Diseases in Marine Animals, Carol House, A. Alonso Aguirre and James A. House
10. Viruses as Evolutionary Tools to Monitor Population Dynamics, Mary Poss, Roman Biek and Allen Rodrigo
11. Assessing Stress and Population Genetics Through Noninvasive Means, Samuel K. Wasser, Kathleen E. Hunt and Christine M. Clarke
12. Animal Behavior as a Tool in Conservation Biology, J. Michael Reed
Part III: Ecological Health and Humans
13. Global Ecological Change and Human Health, Jonathan A. Patz and Nathan D. Wolfe
14. Biodiversity and Human Health, Eric Chivian and Sara Sullivan
15. Vector-Borne Infections and Health Related to Landscape Changes, David H. Molyneux
16. Ecological Context of Lyme Disease: Biodiversity, Habitat Fragmentation, and Risk of Infection, Richard S. Ostfeld, Felicia Keesing, Eric M. Schauber and Kenneth A. Schmidt
17. Zoonotic Infections and Conservation, Thaddeus K. Graczyk
18. Chronic Effects of Toxic Microalgae on Finfish, Shellfish and Human Health, JoAnn M. Burkholder
Part IV: Implementing Conservation Medicine
19. Ecological Health and Wildlife Disease Management in National Parks, Colin M. Gillin, Gary M. Tabor and A. Alonso Aguirre
20. Wildlife Health, Ecosystems and Rural Livelihoods in Botswana, Michael D. Kock, Gary R. Mullins and Jeremy S. Perkins
21. Zoological Parks in Endangered Species Recovery and Conservation, Anthony Allchurch
22. The Mountain Gorilla and Conservation Medicine, Michael Cranfield, Lynne Gaffikin, Jonathan Sleeman and Matthew Rooney
23. Linking Human and Ecosystem Health on the Amazon Frontier, Tamsyn P. Murray, James J. Kay, David Waltner-Toews and Ernesto Ráez-Luna
24. Deer Tick-Transmitted Zoonoses in the Eastern United States, Sam R. Telford III
Part V: Conservation Medicine and Challenges for the Future
25. Biodiversity in Biomedical Research, Joshua P. Rosenthal and Trent Preszler
26. Introducing Ecosystem Health Into Undergraduate Medical Education, David J. Rapport, John Howard, Robert Lannigan, Robert McMurtry, Douglas L. Jones, Christopher M. Anjema and John R. Bend
27. Ecotourism: Unforseen Effects on Health, Mary E. Wilson
28. Global Ecological Integrity, Global Change and Public Health, Colin L. Soskolne and Roberto Bertollini
29. Wildlife Health and Environmental Security: New Challenges and Opportunities, Jamie K. Reaser, Edward J. Gentz and Edward E. Clark, Jr.

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