Conservation of Medicinal Plantsby Olayiwola Akerele
Pub. Date: 06/11/2009
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Nearly all cultures, from ancient times to today, have used plants as a source of medicine. In many developing countries, traditional medicine is still the mainstay of health care and most of the drugs and cures used come from plants. In developed countries many people are turning to herbal remedies. With this widespread use has come the assumption that plants identified as having medicinal qualities will be available on a continuing basis. However no concerted effort has been made to ensure this and in the face of the threats of increasing demand, a vastly increasing human population and extensive forest destruction, there can be no guarantee that we will continue to benefit indefinitely from this valuable resource. In light of this situation the World Health Organisation held a meeting in 1988. This book is the outcome of that meeting, detailing in a series of papers by leading experts the problems of which need to be addressed, the existing experiences from a range of countries and the future direction which must be taken to ensure the conservation of the world's medicinal plants.
- Cambridge University Press
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Table of ContentsContributors; Preface; Acknowledgements; The Chiang Mai Declaration; Part I. Introduction: 1. Medicinal plants: policies and priorities O. Akerele; 2. The joint IUCN-WWF plants conservation programme and its interest in medicinal plants O. Hamann; Part II. The Issue of Medicinal Plants: 3. Global importance of medicinal plants N. R. Farnsworth and D. D. Soejarto; 4. Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants - the search for new jungle medicines M. J. Plotkin; 5. The reason for ethnobotanical conservation R. E. Schultes; Part III. Science, Industry and Medicinal Plants: 6. Valuing the biodiversity of medicinal plants P. P. Principe; 7. Economic aspects of exploitation of medicinal plants A. Husain; 8. Industry and the conservation of medicinal plants A. Bonati; 9. Information systems and databases for the conservation of medicinal plants H. Synge and V. Heywood; Part IV. Techniques to Conserve Medicinal Plants: 10. Agronomy applied to medicinal plant conservation D. Palevitch; 11. Biotechnology in the production and conservation of medicinal plants H. M. Schumacher; 12. Enhancing the role of protected areas in conserving medicinal plants J. A. McNeely and J. W. Thorsell; 13. Botanic gardens and the conservation of medicinal plants V. Heywood; 14. The role of Chinese botanical gardens in conservation of medicinal plants He Shan-an and Cheng Zhong-ming; Part V. Policies to Conserve Medicinal Plants: 15. Policies and organisation for medicinal plant conservation in Sri Lanka W. J. M. Lokubandara; 16. Experience in the conservation of medicinal plants in Sri Lanka L. de Alwis; 17. The conservation of medicinal plants used in primary health care in Thailand Pricha Desawadi; 18. Medicinal plants and the law C. de Klemm; 19. Let's stop talking to ourselves: the need for public awareness P. S. Wachtel; 20. Germplasm, genetic erosion and the conservation of Indonesian medicinal plants M. A. Rifai and K. Kartawinata; Part VI. Experiences from Programmes to Conserve Medicinal Plants: 21. Medicinal plants in India: approaches to exploitation and conservation S. K. Alok; 22. The Chinese approach to medicinal plants - their utilisation and conservation Xiao Pei-gen; 23. Conservation of medicinal plants in Kenya J. O. Kokwaro; 24. Complexity and conservation of medicinal plants: anthropological cases from Peru and Indonesia C. Padoch, T. C. Jessup, H. Soedjito and K. Kartawinata; 25. Utilisation of indigenous medicinal plants and their conservation in Bangladesh A. S. Islam; 26. Development of a conservation policy on commercially exploited medicinal plants: a case study from Southern Africa A. B. Cunningham; 27. Proposals for international collaboration O. Akerele.
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