Conservation of Wildlife Populations: Demography, Genetics, and Management

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Overview

Conservation of Wildlife Populations provides an accessible introduction to the most relevant concepts and principles for solving real-world management problems in wildlife and conservation biology. Bringing together insights from traditionally disparate disciplines, the book shows how population biology addresses important questions involving the harvest, monitoring, and conservation of wildlife populations. The most up-to-date approaches for assessing factors that affect both population growth and interactions ...
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Conservation of Wildlife Populations: Demography, Genetics, and Management

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Overview

Conservation of Wildlife Populations provides an accessible introduction to the most relevant concepts and principles for solving real-world management problems in wildlife and conservation biology. Bringing together insights from traditionally disparate disciplines, the book shows how population biology addresses important questions involving the harvest, monitoring, and conservation of wildlife populations. The most up-to-date approaches for assessing factors that affect both population growth and interactions with other species are covered in detail, including predation, genetic changes, harvest, introduced species, viability analysis, and habitat loss and fragmentation.

Conservation of Wildlife Populations is an essential guide for undergraduates and postgraduate students of wildlife biology, conservation biology, ecology, and environmental studies; and will be invaluable for practicing managers requiring an up-to-date assessment of how population biology can be applied to wildlife conservation and management.

About the Author:
L. Scott Mills is a Professor in the Wildlife Biology Program at the University of Montana

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“As a class text it offers an extremely useful and stimulating comprehensive integration of conservation and population biology, including clear, readable scientific basics.” (Austral Ecology, 19 May 2014)

“Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty. (Choice, 1 November 2013)

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470671504
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 12/26/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 342
  • Product dimensions: 6.28 (w) x 10.96 (h) x 0.81 (d)

Table of Contents


List of boxes     ix
List of symbols     xii
Preface     xiii
Acknowledgments     xv
Background to applied population biology     1
The big picture: human population dynamics meets applied population biology     3
Introduction     3
Population ecology of humans     5
Extinction rates of other species     10
Humans and sustainable harvest     14
The big picture     16
Further reading     16
Designing studies and interpreting population biology data: how do we know what we know?     17
Introduction     17
Obtaining reliable facts through sampling     19
Linking observed facts to ideas[subscript mind] leads to understanding     24
Ethics and the wildlife population biologist     33
Summary     36
Further reading     37
Genetic concepts and tools to support wildlife population biology     38
Introduction     38
What is genetic variation?     38
Genetic markers used in wildlife population biology     41
Insights into wildlife population biology using genetic tools     47
Summary     57
Further reading     58
Estimating population vital rates     59
Introduction     59
Estimating abundance and density     59
Survival estimation     76
Estimation of reproduction     81
Sex ratio     83
Summary     86
Further reading     87
Population processes: the basis for management     89
The simplest way to describe and project population growth: exponential and geometric change     91
Introduction     91
Fundamentals of geometric or exponential growth     93
Causes and consequences of variation in population growth     99
Quantifying population growth in a stochastic environment     108
Summary     112
Further reading     113
Density-dependent population change     114
Introduction     114
Negative density dependence     115
Positive density dependence     116
The logistic: one simple model of negative density-dependent population growth     119
Some counterintuitive dynamics: limit cycles and chaos     126
Summary     128
Further reading     131
Accounting for age- and sex-specific differences: population-projection models     132
Introduction     132
Anatomy of a population-projection matrix     133
How timing of sampling affects the matrix     135
Projecting a matrix through time     137
Adding stochasticity to a matrix model     143
Sensitivity analysis     143
Case studies     150
Summary     157
Further reading     158
Predation and wildlife populations     159
Introduction     159
Does predation affect prey numbers?     160
Factors affecting how predation impacts prey numbers     163
Summary     174
Further reading     175
Genetic variation and fitness of wildlife populations     176
Introduction     176
Long-term benefits of genetic variation     176
What determines levels of genetic variation in populations?     178
Quantifying the loss of heterozygosity: the inbreeding coefficient     182
When does inbreeding lead to inbreeding depression?     185
What to do when faced with inbreeding depression?     192
General rules     197
Summary     198
Further reading     198
Dynamics of multiple populations     199
Introduction     199
Connectivity among populations     201
Measuring connectivity among wildlife populations     202
Multiple populations are not all equal     211
Options for restoring connectivity     217
Summary     221
Further reading     222
Applying knowledge of population processes to problems of declining, small, or harvestable populations     223
Human perturbations: deterministic factors leading to population decline     225
Introduction     225
General effects of deterministic stressors on populations     226
Habitat loss and fragmentation     226
Introduced and invasive species     233
Pollution     239
Overharvest     241
Global climate change     242
Synergistic effects among deterministic stressors     244
Summary     245
Further reading     247
Predicting the dynamics of small and declining populations     248
Introduction     248
Ecological characteristics predicting risk     249
The extinction vortex     250
Predicting risks in small populations     252
Population viability analysis: quantitative methods of assessing viability     254
Other approaches to assessing viability     265
Some closing thoughts about assessing viability     270
Summary     274
Further reading     275
Bridging applied population and ecosystem ecology with focal species concepts     276
Introduction     276
Flagship species     277
Umbrella species     277
Indicator species     279
Keystone species and strong interactors     281
Summary     284
Further reading     285
Population biology of harvested populations     286
Introduction     286
Effects of hunting on population dynamics     287
Long-term effects: hunting as a selective force     293
Models to guide sustainable harvest     295
Waterfowl harvest and adaptive harvest management     303
Management of overabundant and pest populations     305
Summary     306
Further reading     307
Epilogue     308
References     311
Species lists     348
Subject index     360
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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 24, 2013

    Numerous books have been written on wildlife population biology

    Numerous books have been written on wildlife population biology over the past several decades. This is the finest to date. I summarizes the old literature -- much of which is still quite valid -- and integrates it thorough with modern research on modeling, genetics, and other cutting edge branches of the discipline. An invaluable resource.

    Stephen F. Stringham, PhD

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