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People are often cast as villains in the story of environmental degradation, seen primarily as a threat to healthy ecosystems and an obstacle to conservation. But humans are inseparable from natural ecosystems. Understanding how people think about,...
People are often cast as villains in the story of environmental degradation, seen primarily as a threat to healthy ecosystems and an obstacle to conservation. But humans are inseparable from natural ecosystems. Understanding how people think about, experience, and interact with nature is crucial for promoting environmental sustainability as well as human well-being.
The book first summarizes theory and research on human cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses to nature and goes on to review research on people's experience of nature in wild, managed, and urban settings. Finally, it examines ways to encourage conservation-oriented behavior at both individual and societal levels. Throughout, the authors integrate a wide body of published literature to demonstrate how and why psychology is relevant to promoting a more sustainable relationship between humans and nature.
1. Introducing the Field of Conservation Psychology.
Human care for nature.
The roots of conservation psychology.
The potential of conservation psychology.
The organization of the book.
Part I: Thinking about Nature.
2. Attitudes, Values, and Perceptions.
Core Understandings of Nature.
Biases in Information Processing.
Language and Discourse.
Attributions of Responsibility.
Linking Perceptions to Behavior.
3. Moral Psychology and the Environment.
Background in Ethical Concepts.
A Virtue Ethics of the Environment.
The Deontic Tradition and Psychological Research.
Contextual Differences in Moral Duties.
Consequentialism, Emotion, and Socialization.
Psychological Dynamics of Moral Functioning.
4. Environment and Identity.
The Concept of Identity.
Developing an Affiliation with Nature.
Measuring Environmental Identity.
Animals and Identity.
Environmental Social Identity.
Identity and Behavior.
Putting Identity to Work.
5. Theoretical Foundations for the Human Response to Nature.
The Heritage of Environmental Psychology.
Ecological Perception and Psychology.
Evolutionary Psychology and Biological Thinking.
Combining Nature and Nurture.
Part II: Interactions with Nature.
6. Domestic nature: Cohabiting with Animals and Plants.
Animals in the Home.
Plants in the Domestic Sphere.
7. Managed Nature: Zoos, Aquariums, and Public Parks.
Zoos and Aquariums.
Urban Parks and Green Spaces.
8. Wild Nature: Encounters with Wilderness.
Defining Wilderness and Wild Nature.
Wilderness Use and Wilderness Values.
Natural Forces and Features.
The Edge of Control: Wilderness Remoteness and Challenge.
Activity in Wild Nature, Connection, and Caring.
Wild Nature and Spiritual Experience.
Part III: Promoting Conservation.
9. Promoting Sustainable Behavior.
Identifying Target Behaviors.
Influences on Behavior.
Models for Changing Behavior.
Changing the Ideology of Consumerism.
10. Community Psychology and International Biodiversity Conservation.
International Biodiversity Conservation.
Common Pool Resources and Models of Governance.
Psychology, Culture, and Local Knowledge.
Accounting for the Costs and Benefits of Conservation.
Conservation and All-too-human Psychology.
11. Environmental Education.
The Need for Environmental Education.
Examples of Contemporary Environmental Education.
Psychological Foundations of Environmental Education.
Lessons for Effective Practice.
12. The Psychology of Hope.
Human Response to Threatening Circumstances.
Optimism and Pessimism.
An Alternative to a Focus on Outcomes: Creating Meaning.