Conservatism and American Political Development

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Overview

"This book is the first to offer a comprehensive overview of the impact of conservatism on twentieth century American political development, locating its origins in the New Deal and then focusing on how conservatives acted within government once they began to achieve power in the late 1960s. The book is divided into three eras, and in each it focuses on three core issues: social security, the environment, and education. Throughout they emphasize the ironic role of conservatism in the expansion of the American state." Scholars of the state have long focused on liberalism because liberals were the architects of state expansion. However, as conservatives increased their presence in the federal apparatus, they were frequently co-opted into maintaining or even expanding public fiscal and regulatory power. At times, conservatives also came to accept the existence of the liberal state, but attempted to use it to achieve conservative policy ends. Despite conservatives' power in U.S. politics and governance, the American state remains gargantuan. As Conservatism and American Political Development shows, the new right has not only helped shape the state, but has been shaped by it as well.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"The study of APD has for too long been preoccupied with liberalism. This book makes a critical contribution to APD by brilliantly addressing the impact of conservatism. It is comprehensive in scope and displays a keen grasp of the critical, theoretical, historical, and institutional questions at stake. It is a must read for all serious students of APD."--Marc Landy, Professor of Political Science, Boston College

"In the able hands of editors Brian Glenn and Steve Teles, Conservatism and American Political Development shows exactly how crucial conservatives have been in shaping the modern state. In careful studies of three central policy areas, conservatives appear no longer as the "cardboard-cutout villains" but rather as the leading characters. Smart and fresh, this volume is a must read for understanding the character, transformation, and persistent influence of contemporary conservatism."--Meg Jacobs, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

"Glenn and Teles have compiled a highly instructive volume on the post-New Deal trajectory of public policy and political development in crucial political arenas. The authors' careful micro-studies provide an important corrective to standard accounts of liberal dominance and subsequent retrenchment--without giving conservative triumphalists much to cheer about."--Michael Greve, American Enterprise Institute

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195373936
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 2/26/2009
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 392
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.90 (d)

Meet the Author

Brian J. Glenn is an American Political Development scholar and Assistant Professor of Political Science at Emerson College. He previously taught at the University of Pennsylvania and Hamilton College, and has received awards from the New England Political Science Association, the Law & Society Association, and the American Risk and Insurance Association.

Steven Teles is Associate Professor of Politics at the University of Maryland. He is the author of The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement: The Battle for Control of the Law, and Whose Welfare?: AFDC and Elite Politics. He is currently writing a book on the role of political and historical factors in public policy analysis. He has also written articles and book chapters on Michael Oakeshott, Social Security, the international diffusion of libertarianism, federalism, and US-China policy.

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Table of Contents

Introduction Studying the Role of Conservatives in American Political Development Brian J. Glenn Glenn, Brian J. Steven M. Teles Teles, Steven M. 3

Pt. I The New Deal to the Great Society

1 Environmental Policy from the New Deal to the Great Society:The Lagged Emergence of an Ideological Dividing Line Marc Allen Eisner Eisner, Marc Allen 21

2 Social Security from the New Deal to the Great Society: Expanding the Public Domain Edward Berkowitz Berkowitz, Edward Larry DeWitt DeWitt, Larry 53

3 Education Policy from the New Deal to the Great Society: The Three Rs - Race, Religion, and Reds Gareth Davies Davies, Gareth 86

Pt. II The Great Society to 1980

4 Environmental Policy from the Great Society to 1980: A Coalition Comes Unglued Richard Harris Harris, Richard 119

5 Social Security from the Great Society to 1980: Further Expansion and Rekindled Controversy Nancy Altman Altman, Nancy Ted Marmor Marmor, Ted 154

6 Education Policy from the Great Society to 1980: The Expansion and Institutionalization of the Federal Role in Schools Patrick McGuinn McGuinn, Patrick 188

Pt. III 1980 to 2008

7 Environmental Policy from 1980 to 2008: The Politics of Prevention Judith A. Layzer Layzer, Judith A. 223

8 Social Security from 1980 to the Present: From Third Rail to Presidential commitment - and Back? Steven M. Teles Teles, Steven M. Martha Derthick Derthick, Martha 261

9 Education Policy from 1980 to the Present: The Politics of Privatization Jeffrey Henig Henig, Jeffrey 291

Conclusion: Conservatism and American Political Development Brian J. Glenn Glenn, Brian J. Steven M. Teles Teles, Steven M. 324

Afterword: An AttenuatedReconstruction: The Conservative Turn in American Political Development Stephen Skowronek Skowronek, Stephen 348

Index 365

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