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Ethics and Critical Thinking.
God's Commandments and Ethics.
Religion and Ethics.
Reading: Plato, Euthyphro.
2. Ethics and Reason.
Reasoning about Ethics.
Elements of Kantian Ethics.
Criticisms of Kantian Ethics.
Reading: Kant, Foundations of Morals, Critique of Practical Reason.
3. Ethics and Emotions.
Follow Your Reason or Follow Your Heart?
Objective and Subjective Feelings.
Reading: Hume, A Treatise of Human Nature.
4. Utilitarian Ethics.
Act- vs. Rule-Utilitarians.
Utiliatarians and the Quality of Pleasures.
Criticisms of Utilitarian Ethics.
The Uses of Utilitarian Ethics.
Opposition to Utilitarianism.
Reading: Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.
5. Social Contract Ethics.
Framing the Social Contract.
Fairness and Social Contract Theory: John Rawls.
Gauthier's Contractarian Ethics.
The Social Contract Myth and its Underlying Assumptions.
Reading: Hobbes, Leviathan.
6. Egoism, Relativism, and Pragmatism.
Readings: Rorty, Philosophy and Social Hope.
7. Virtue Ethics.
The Distinctive Focus of Virtue Ethics.
The Strengths of Virtue Ethics.
Criticisms of Virtue Theory.
Are ThereMultiple Sets of Virtues?
Virtue Theory and Medicine.
Reading: Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics.
8. Care Ethics.
The Neglect of Women's Ethical Views.
The Care Perspectives on Ethics.
Women and Ethics.
Reading: Baier, The Need for More than Justice.
9. The Scope of Mortality.
Who is Due Moral Consideration?
Darwin and the Moral Status of Nonhuman Animals.
Reading: Darwin, The Descent of Man.
10. Ethical NonObjectivism.
The Nature of Ethical Nonobjectivism.
Arguments for Ethical Nonobjectivism.
The Continuing Struggle Between Objectivists and Nonobjectivists.
Reading: Ayer, Language, Truth, and Logic.
11. Moral Realism.
Contemporary Moral Realism.
Moral Realism and the Argument from Simplicity.
Moral Facts and Scientific Revolutions.
Two Ways that Moral Realism Might Fail.
Reading: Smith, Realism.
12. How Hard is Ethics?
The Demands of Ethical Living.
Comparing Ethical Systems on the Basis of Difficulty.
Duty and Feelings.
Reading: Mencius, Book of Mencius.
13. Free Will.
Determinism and Free Will.
Libertarian Free Will and the Rejection of Determinism.
Reading: Wolf, Asymmetrical Freedom.
14. Freedom, Moral Responsibility, and Ethics.
Types of Responsibility.
Moral Responsibility and the Utility of Punishment.
Conditions for Moral Responsibility.
Moral Responsibility and Ethics.
Reading: Nagel, Moral Luck.
15. Current Ethical Debates.
The Ethics of War.
"The Road To Basra"-Martin L. Cook and Phillip A. Hamann.
"White Flags On The Road To Basra"-Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez.
"Capital Punishment"-Robert S. Gerstein.
"Dissenting Opinion In Gregg vs. Georgia"-Thurgood Marshall.
"Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Tragic View"-John D. Arras.
"Euthanasia: The Way We Do It, The Way They Do It"-Margaret P. Battin.
Just Distribution of Scarce Medical Resources.
"Should Alcoholics Compete Equally For Liver.
Transplantation?"-Alvin H. Moss and Mark Siegler.
"Alcoholics And Liver Transplantation"-Carl Cohen and Martin Benjamin.
"The Immortality of Abortion"-John T. Noonan.
"Abortion And The Concept OF A Person"-Jane English.
"Against Affirmative Action"-Lisa H. Newton.
"The Justice Of Affirmative Action"-Ronald Dworkin.