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Winner of the 2001 Edgar Award for Best First Novel.
“THE PLOT DRAWS YOU IN FROM PAGE TO PAGE. . . . An evocation of English history that you can happily get lost in for days.”
The New York Times
“REMARKABLE . . . ENGAGING . . . The first stock market crash in the English-speaking world is about to burst, and a whole way of life is about to burst with it.”
—The New York Times Book Review
“A VORTEX OF STOCK FRAUD AND MURDER . . . [A] GENRE-STRETCHING FIRST NOVEL.”
“HIGHLY ENTERTAINING . . . FIENDISHLY INTRICATE . . . Compares favorably with An Instance of the Fingerpost.”
—Kirkus Reviews (starred review)
“A tale of eighteenth-century finance, murder, and religion that is a remarkable debut and a thoroughly satisfying novel.”
Author of Memoirs of a Geisha
“An old-fashioned detective story, with London’s teeming streets and taverns as its backdrop. . . . An artfully constructed potboiler: the sort of thing that would make a good ‘Mystery!’ series on PBS.”
—The New Yorker
“A Conspiracy of Paper is exciting, intelligent, and witty—a rare combination in historical novels. It is rich in intriguing detail and peopled with fascinating characters. Recommended enthusiastically.”
Author of American Dreams
“A well-researched and highly entertaining historical mystery . . . [A] tale of financial skullduggery and multiple murder . . . Conveyed in vivid extended scenes characterized by crisp dialogue and a keen sense of the ways in which character reveals itself . . . The very model of a modern historical mystery.”
—Kirkus Reviews (starred review)
“Terrific . . . Set in a vividly realized eighteenth-century London . . . Although a financial boom fueled by a new economy or a personal struggle with ethnic identity may seem awfully contemporary, Liss keeps us firmly in another time. . . . The book crackles with period detail, yet the immense research never shows. . . . One can only hope that Liss isn’t finished with Benjamin Weaver.”
For some years now, the gentlemen of the book trade have pressed me in the most urgent fashion to commit my memoirs to paper; for, these men have argued, there are many who would gladly pay a few shillings to learn of the true and surprising adventures of my life. While it has been my practice to dismiss this idea with a casual wave of the hand, I cannot claim to have never seriously thought on it, for I have often been the first to congratulate myself on having seen and experienced so much, and many times have I gladly shared my stories with good company around a cleared dinner table. Nevertheless, there is a difference between tales told over a late-night bottle of claret and a book that any man anywhere can pick up and examine. Certainly I have taken pleasure from the idea of recounting my history, but I have also recognized that to publish would be a ticklish endeavor -- the names and specifics of my adventures would touch nearly on so many people still living that any such book would be actionable to say the least. Yet the idea has intrigued -- even plagued me, no doubt due to the vanity that breeds within all men's breasts, and perhaps within mine more than most. I have therefore decided to write this book as I see fit. If the gentlemen of Grub Street wish to dash out names of obscure connections, then they may do so. For my part, I shall retain the manuscript so that there can be some true record of these events, if not for this age, then for posterity.
I have been at some pains to decide how to begin, for I have seen many things of interest to the general public. Shall I begin like the novelists, with my birth, or like the poets, in the midst of the action? Perhaps neither. I think I shall begin my tale with the day -- now more than thirty-five years ago -- when I met William Balfour, for it is the matter regarding his father's death that brought me some small measure of success and recognition with the public. Until now, however, few men have known the whole truth behind that affair.
Mr. Balfour first called on me late one morning in October of 1719, a year of much turmoil upon this island -- the nation lived in constant fear of the French and their support for the heir to the deposed King James, whose Jacobitical followers threatened continually to retake the British monarchy. Our German King was but four years upon the throne, and the power struggles within his ministry created a feeling of chaos throughout the capital. All the newspapers decried the burden of the nation's debt, which they said could never be paid, but that debt showed no sign of decreasing. This era was one of exuberance as well as turmoil, doom, and possibility. It was a fine time for a man whose livelihood depended upon crime and confusion.
Matters of national politics held little interest for me, however, and the only debt I cared for was my own. And the day I begin my tale I had even more pressing cares than my precarious finances. I had been long awake, but only recently out of bed and dressed, when my landlady, Mrs. Garrison, informed me that there was a Christian gentleman below who wished to see me. My good landlady always felt the need to specify that it was a Christian gentleman come to visit, though in the months I had resided with her, no Jew but myself had ever entered her premises.
That morning I found myself disordered and in no condition to receive visitors, let alone strangers, so I asked Mrs. Garrison to send him away, but in her intrepid manner -- for Mrs. Garrison was a stalwart creature -- she returned, informing me that the gentleman's business was urgent. "He says it relates to a murder," she told me in the same dull tone she used to announce increases in my rent. Her pallid and beveined face hardened to show her displeasure. "That's what he said -- murder -- plain as anything. I cannot say it pleases me, Mr. Weaver, to have men come to my house talking of murder."
I could not fully comprehend why, if the word was so distasteful to her ears, she should pronounce it quite so loudly within the halls, but I saw my task was to comfort her. "I quite understand, madam. The gentleman surely said 'mercer' and not 'murder,' " I lied, "for I am engaged in a concern of textiles at this moment. Please send him up."
The word murder had caught my attention as well as Mrs. Garrison's. Having been involved in a murder of sorts not twelve hours earlier, I thought this matter might concern me indeed. This Balfour would certainly be a scavenger of some kind -- the sort of desperate renegade with which London seethed, a creature who combed the dank and filthy streets near the river, hunting for anything he might pawn, including information. No doubt he had heard something of the unfortunate adventure with which I had met and had come to ask me to pay for his silence. I knew well how to dispose of a man of this stripe. Not with money, certainly, for to give a rascal any silver at all was to encourage him to return for more. No, I had found that in these cases violence usually did my business. I would think of something bloodless -- something that would not attract Mrs. Garrison's attention when I escorted the blackguard out. A woman with no taste for the talk of murder under her roof should hardly countenance an act of mutilation paraded down her staircase.
I took a moment to order my receiving room, as I called it. I took two rooms of Mrs. Garrison, one private, the other in which I conducted my business. Like many businessmen -- for so I fancied myself, even then -- I had been used to order my affairs in a local coffeehouse, but the delicate nature of my work had made such public venues unacceptable to the men I served. Instead, I had set up a room with several comfortable chairs, a table around which to sit, and a handsome set of shelves that I used to store wine and cheese rather than the books for which they were designed. Mrs. Garrison had done the decorating, and while she had given the room an inappropriately cheery tone with its pinkish-white paint and light blue curtains, I found that a few swords and martial prints about the walls helped to add a sufficiently manly corrective.
I took pride in these rooms being so very proper, for the genteel tone put the gentlemen who came to seek my services at ease. My trade frequently involved the unsavory, and gentlemen, I had learned, preferred the illusion that they dealt in simple business -- nothing more.
I should like to add, though I risk accusations of vanity, I took pride in my own appearance as well. I had escaped my years as a pugilist with few of the badges that gave fellow-veterans of the ring the appearance of ruffians -- missing eyes, mashed noses, or suchlike disfigurements -- and had no more to show for my beatings than some small scars about my face and a nose that bore only the mild bumps and jagged edges that come with several breakings. Indeed, I fancied myself a well-enough-looking man, and I made a point of always dressing neatly, if modestly. I wore upon my body only clean shirts, and none of my coats and waistcoats were more than a year old. Yet, though I minded my clothing, I was none of your sprightly popinjays who wore the latest bright colors and frills; a man of my trade always prefers simple fashions that draw to himself no particular attention.
I seated myself at my large oaken writing desk, which faced the door. I used this desk when I ordered my affairs, but I had discovered that it served to make clear my authority. I thus picked up a pen and contorted the muscles in my face to resemble something like a man both busy and irritated.
When Mrs. Garrison showed this visitor in, however, I was at pains to conceal my surprise. William Balfour was no prig -- as we called thieves in those days -- but a gentleman of fine dress and appearance. He was perhaps five years younger than myself. I gauged him at two- or three-and-twenty. He was a tall, gaunt, stooped man with something of a sunken look on a wide, handsome face that was only slightly marred by the scars of smallpox. He wore a wig of the first quality, but it showed its age and wear in its stains and a dingy sallow color poorly hidden by powder. Similarly, his clothes bore the signs of fine tailoring, but they looked a bit overused, covered with the dust of road and panic and cheap lodgings. His waistcoat in particular, once laced with fine silver stuff, was now tattered and threadbare. There was, too, something in his eyes. I could not tell if it was suspicion or fatigue or defeat, and he observed me with a skepticism to which I was all too accustomed. Most men who walk through that door, you understand, had a look prepared for me -- scorn, doubt, superiority. A few even had admiration. Men of this last category had seen me in my prime as a pugilist, and their love of sport overcame their embarrassment at seeking the aid of a Jew who meddled in other men's unpleasantries. This Balfour looked at me as neither Jew nor pugilist, but as something else -- something of no consequence whatsoever, almost as though I were the servant who should take him to the man he sought.
"Sir," I said, standing up as Mrs. Garrison closed the door behind her. I gave Balfour a short bow, which he returned with a wooden resignation. After offering him a seat before my desk, I returned to my chair and informed him I awaited his commands.
He hesitated before stating his business, taking a moment to study my features -- I should say gawk at my features, for he regarded me as more spectacle than man. His eye roamed with clear disapproval at my face and clothing (though both were cleaner and neater than his own), and squinted at my hair; for, unlike a proper gentleman, I wore no peruke, and instead pulled my locks back in the style of a tie-periwig.
"You, I presume, are Benjamin Weaver," he began at last in a voice that cracked with uncertainty. He hardly noticed my nod of acknowledgment. "I come on a serious matter. I am not pleased to be forced to seek your peculiar skills, but I require the assistance that only a man such as yourself can provide." He shifted uneasily in his chair, and I wondered if Mr. Balfour was not what he claimed -- if he were perhaps a man of a much lower order than he affected, masquerading as a gentleman. There was, after all, the murder he had spoken of to Mrs. Garrison, but I now could not but wonder if the murder he mentioned was the one that so plagued my own thoughts.
"I hope I am able to be of some assistance to you," I said, with practiced civility. I laid down my pen and cocked my head slightly to show him that I put my full attention at his disposal.
His hands shook distractingly while he studied his fingernails with unconvincing indifference. "Yes, it is an unpleasant business, so I am sure you are quite equal to the task."
I offered him a brief bow from my chair and told him he was too kind or some other like platitude, but he hardly noticed what I said. Despite his attempts to perform a sort of fashionable lassitude, he appeared for all the world like a man on the brink of choking, as though his collar tightened about his throat. He bit his lip. He looked about the room, eyes darting here and there.
"Sir," I said, "you will forgive me if I note that you appear a little discomposed. Can I offer you a glass of port?"
My words all but slapped him in the face, and he collected himself once again to the posture of an insouciant buck. "I must imagine that there are less presumptuous ways for you to inquire into a gentleman's distresses. Nevertheless, I shall take a drink of whatever quality you have upon you."
It was not out of deference that I allowed Balfour to insult me freely. Once I had established myself in my trade, it took no great amount of time to learn that men of birth or standing had a profound need to demonstrate their superiority -- not to the man they hired to meddle in their private business, but to the business itself. I could not take Balfour's freedoms personally, for they were not directed at me. I also knew that once I had effectively served such a man, the memory of his discourteous behavior often inspired him to pay promptly and to recommend my skills to his acquaintances. I therefore tossed off Mr. Balfour's insults as a bear tosses off the dogs sent to bait it in Hockley-in-the-Hole. I poured his wine and returned to my desk.
He took a sip. "I am not discomposed," he assured me. If the quality of my drink pleasantly surprised my guest, as I expected it should, he thought this fact not worth mentioning. "I am certainly tired from a poor night's rest, and indeed" -- he paused to look at me pointedly -- "I am in mourning for my father, who died not two months ago."
I offered my apologies and then surprised myself by telling him that I too had recently lost a father.
Balfour astonished me in return by telling me that he knew of my father's death. "Your father, sir, and my own were acquaintances. They did business together, you know, at times when my father had the need to call on a man of your father's...sort."
I would like to believe that I showed no surprise, but I doubt it was so. My given name is not Weaver, but Lienzo. Few men were familiar with my true name, so I could not have anticipated that this man would know the identity of my father. I wished to know more about what Balfour knew of me, but my stubbornness intervened, and I asked no questions. I only nodded slowly.
I was now thoroughly confused as to what this man wanted, for it was perfectly plain that he had not come regarding my unfortunate affair of the previous night. As I mulled over my many uncertainties, it occurred to me that I vaguely recalled Balfour's father. I remembered hearing my father speak of him -- he had said only good things of the man, for they had been closer, I think, than simple acquaintances, though to call them friends would have been exaggerating the possibilities of their interaction. I remembered Balfour's father, where I might have forgotten the numerous other men with whom my own father did business, for it was unusual for him to have been on such familiar terms with a Christian gentleman. I had not recalled, however, my father's association with this man when I read in the papers of Michael Balfour's self-murder. He had been a wealthy merchant, and, like many men of business who took risks, he had suffered drastic financial reversals. His particular reversals had been severe; he had lost more than everything on a series of bad ventures, and unable to face his creditors with his insolvency, or his family with the shame of his ruin, he had hanged himself in his stables. This act he had committed not twenty-four hours before my father's own death.
"Is it then through your father that you learned of my services?" I asked Balfour. It was an irrelevant question -- at least to Mr. Balfour's concerns. I wished to know if my father had spoken of me -- indeed if he had spoken approvingly of me -- to his colleagues and business associates. Much to my own astonishment, I felt myself hoping that Balfour had knowledge that my father had, in some way, respected the life I had made for myself.
Balfour quickly disabused me of these fictions. "The recommendation comes not so directly. I had certainly heard your name in the past -- in the same connotation, you understand, as one hears of ropedancers and raree-shows and that sort of thing -- but recently I found myself in a coffeehouse, when I heard a gentleman mention your name. A friend of his, a Sir Owen Nettleton, had engaged you in a matter of business and believed you to be competent -- a rating of sufficient merit in this age. I then conceived of the idea that your services might be of some use to me."
I often marveled that London, for so enormous a city, is sometimes astonishingly small. Among countless thousands, these kinds of interactions occur almost daily, for men of like nature and like concerns congregated inevitably at the same clubs and taverns and coffeehouse and tea gardens. I had indeed served Sir Owen Nettleton, and his concerns very much occupied my thoughts that morning, but I shall discuss more of him below.
Balfour finished his port with a mighty gulp and looked straight into my eyes with an intensity that suggested a mustering of forces. "Mr. Weaver, I shall be direct with you. My father, sir, was murdered. I believe by the same person or persons who murdered your father."
I could not even think how to react. My father had been killed certainly, but not murdered, some two months earlier -- a drunken coachman had run him down as he crossed Threadneedle Street. The business had been shrouded with a kind of uncertainty. How reckless had the coachman been? Had my father stepped blindly in his way? Could it have been avoided? All answerless questions, the magistrate determined. The coachman, while negligent, had acted without malicious intention, and could have had no reason to want to do harm to my father. The same act perpetrated against an earl or a Parliamentarian might have earned the coachman, at the very least, seven years of transportation to the colonies, but the careless trampling of a Jewish stock-jobber was hardly a matter over which to unfurl the full majesty of the law. The magistrate released the coachman with a stern warning, and that had proved the legal end of the matter.
At that time I had not spoken to my father for close to ten years. I knew nearly nothing of his affairs, and it had hardly occurred to me that his death might have been anything as horrid as murder. This thought had, however, occurred to my father's kinsman, my Uncle Miguel, who had written to inform me of his suspicions. I blush to own I rewarded his efforts to seek my opinion with only a formal reply in which I dismissed his ideas as nonsensical. I did so in part because I did not wish to involve myself with my family and in part because I knew that my uncle, for reasons that eluded me, had loved my father and could not accept the senselessness of so random a death. Yet now, once again, I was confronted with the suggestion that my father had been the victim of a malicious crime, and once again I found that my self-imposed exile from my family made me wish to disbelieve it.
I forced my face to conform to the rigid angles of impartiality. "My father's death was an unfortunate accident." Balfour knew more about my family than I knew about his, and I saw that as a disadvantage, so, already in an agitated state of mind, I proceeded at the slowest of paces. "And if I may be so indelicate, the papers reported your father's death as something other than murder."
Balfour held up his hand, as though the idea of self-murder might be ordered away. I know what the papers reported," he snapped, spittle flying from his mouth, "and I know what the coroner said, yet I promise you something is amiss here. At the time of my father's death, his estate was revealed to be quite broken, yet only weeks before he told me himself that he had been profiting in his speculation, taking advantage of the fluctuation in the markets caused by the rivalries between the Bank of England and the South Sea Company. I had no desire to see him meddling in the affairs of 'Change Alley, buying and selling stocks in the manner of -- well, in the manner of your people, Weaver -- but he believed there were ample opportunities for a man who kept his wits about him. So how can it be that his finances were so" -- he paused briefly to choose his terms -- "ill ordered. Do you think it any coincidence that both our fathers, very rich men of acquaintance, should have died suddenly and mysteriously within the span of a single day, and my father's holdings reveal themselves to be in chaos?"
As he spoke, Balfour's face revealed no small number of passions: indignity, disgust, discomfort, even, I believe, shame. I thought it passing strange that a man out to expose so terrible a crime displayed no attitudes of outrage.
The claims he made, however, sparked within me an agitation, which I sought to contain by setting my mind to the facts before me. "What you present does not offer any kind of evidence of murder," I said after a moment. "I cannot see how you have reached this conclusion."
"My father's death was made to look like self-murder so that a villain or villains could take his money with impunity," he pronounced, as though he unveiled a discovery of natural philosophy.
"You believe his estate to have been robbed, and your father to have been murdered to hide this robbery?"
"In a word, sir, yes. That is what I believe." Balfour's features settled, for a brief moment, into a look of languid contentment. Then he eyed his empty wineglass with nervous longing. I obliged him by refilling.
I paced about the room, despite the distracting ache of an old wound in my leg -- a wound that had ended my days as a pugilist. "What is the connection between these deaths, then, sir? My father's estate is solvent."
"But is anything missing? Do you even know, sir?"
I did not, so I ignored what I considered a presumptuous question. "It is in your best interest that I be blunt. Your father has died recently, under terrible conditions, and unable to leave a legacy. You have grown up with the expectation of wealth and privilege, with every reason to believe you would live a gentleman's life of ease. Now you find your dreams dashed, and you look for ways to believe it is not so."
Balfour reddened dramatically. I suspect he was unused to challenges, particularly challenges from men such as myself. "I resent your words, Weaver. My family may be under disabilities at this moment, but you would do well to remember that I am a gentleman born."
"As I am," I said, looking directly into his reddish eyes. It was a harsh blow. His family was an upstart, and he knew it. He had earned that most ambiguous title of gentleman through his father's aggressive dealings as a tobacco merchant, not through the majesty of his bloodlines. Indeed, I recalled that old Balfour had made a bit of a stir among the more established tobacco merchants by angering the men he hired to unload his vessels. Dock laborers have, by custom, always been given scant wages, and they have evened out their earnings through a kind of quiet redistribution of the goods they handled. For vessels carrying tobacco, the process is known as "socking"; the laborers merely plunge their hands into the bales of tobacco, sock away as much as they can hold and then resell it on their own. True enough it was a kind of sanctioned theft, but years ago tobacco merchants had realized that their porters were helping themselves to the cargo, so they simply cut the wages and looked the other way.
Old Balfour, however, had taken the unhappy step of hiring men to inspect the workers and make sure no one socked his goods, but he refused to raise wages proportionately. The laborers had grown violent, smashing open several bales of sot weed and boldly liberating its contents. Old Balfour only relented once his brother merchants convinced him that to pursue this mad course was to risk riot and destruction of all their trades.
That this merchant's son should assert that his was an old family was patently absurd -- it was not even an old trading family. And while in those days there was, as there is now, something decidedly English about a wealthy merchant, it was a relatively new and uncertain assertion that the son of such a man could claim the status of gentleman. My declaration that our families were of a piece sent him into a kind of fit. He blinked as though trying to dispel a vision, and twitched irritably until he regained himself.
"I think it no coincidence that my father's killers made his death appear self-murder, for it makes all ashamed to discuss it. But I am not ashamed. You think me now penniless, and you think I come to you begging for your help like a pauper, but you know nothing of me. I shall pay you twenty pounds to look into this matter for one week." He paused so I might have time to reflect on so large a sum. "That I should have to pay you anything to uncover the truth behind your own father's murder is the more shame for you, but I cannot answer for your sentiments."
I studied his face, looking for signs of I'm not sure what -- deceit, self-doubt, fear? I saw only an anxious determination. I no longer questioned that he was who he claimed to be. He was an unpleasant man; I knew that I disliked him immensely, and I was certain that he felt no love for me, yet I could not deny my interest in what he claimed about my father's death. "Mr. Balfour, did anyone see what you claim to be this falsification of self-murder?"
He waved his hands in the air to demonstrate the foolishness of my question. "I do not know that anyone did."
I pressed on. "Have you heard talk, sir?"
He stared at me in astonishment, as though I had spoken gibberish. "From whom would I? Do you think me the sort to correspond with men who would talk of such things?"
I sighed. "Then I am confused. How can I find the man who committed a crime if you have no witnesses and no contacts? Into what, precisely, am I to look?"
"I do not know your business, Weaver. It seems to me that you are being damnably obtuse. You have brought men to justice before -- how you have done it then, you are to do it now."
I attempted a polite, and I admit, condescending smile. "When I have brought men to justice in the past, sir, it has been in instances wherein someone knew the villain's identity, and the task lay before me to locate him. Or perhaps there has been a crime in which the scoundrel is unknown, but witnesses saw that he had some very distinctive features -- let us say a scar above his right eye and a missing thumb. With information of this nature, I can ask questions of the sort of people who might know this man and thus learn his name, his habits, and finally his whereabouts. But if the first step is your belief, what is the second step? Who are the right people to inquire of next?"
"I am shocked to hear of your methods, Weaver." He paused for a moment, perhaps to drive home his distaste. "I cannot tell you of second steps nor of which rascals are appropriate for you to speak with regarding my father's murder. Your business is your own, but I should think you would consider the matter of sufficient interest to take of me twenty pounds."
I was silent for some time. I wanted nothing so much as to send the man away, for I had always been willing to go considerable lengths to avoid contact with my family. Yet twenty pounds was no small amount to me, and while I dreaded the terrible day of reckoning, I knew I needed some external force to push me toward reestablishing contact with those who I had long neglected. And there was more: though I could not then have explained why, the idea of looking into a matter so opaque intrigued me, for it occurred to me that Balfour, despite the bluster with which he presented his notions, was right. Had there been a crime committed, it seemed only reasonable that it could be uncovered, and I liked the thought of what a success in an inquiry of this nature could do for my reputation.
I expect soon another visitor," I said at last. And I am very busy." He started to speak, but I would not let him. "I shall look into this matter, Mr. Balfour. How could I not? But I have not the time to look into this matter right away. If your father has been killed, then there must be some reason why. If it is theft, we must know more details of the theft. I wish you to go inquire as nearly as you can into his matters. Speak to his friends, relatives, employees, and whomever else you think might perhaps harbor some of the same suspicions. Let me know where I can find you, and in a few days time I shall call on you."
"For what shall I pay you, Weaver, if I am to do your work for you?"
My smile this time was less benign. "You are, of course, right. When I am at liberty, I shall speak to your father's family, friends, and employees. That they do not dismiss me, I shall be certain to tell them that you have sent me to ask questions of them. You might wish to inform them in advance to expect a Jew by the name of Weaver to inquire closely into family matters."
I cannot have you bothering these people," he stammered. "Gad, to have you asking questions of my mother..."
"Then perhaps, as I suggested, you would like to look into this yourself. "
Balfour stood up, performing gentlemanly composure. "I see you are a clever maneuverer. I shall make some discreet inquiries. But I expect to hear from you shortly."
I neither spoke nor moved, but Balfour took no notice, and within an instant he was gone from my rooms. For some time I remained motionless. I thought on what had transpired and what it might mean, and then I reached for the bottle of port.
Excerpted from A Conspiracy of Paper by David Liss. Copyright © 2000 by David Liss. Excerpted by permission of Random House, a division of Random House, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.
1. Do you think Weaver should have constantly bailed Miriam out of trouble? What do you think about him not getting the girl in the end? Did you want to see them together or was the books' ending more believable?
2. Did this novel make you change your sentiments about the current stock market? Did it make you want to become more cautious in your own investments? Did you read it as a cautionary tale?
3. For many centuries orthodox Jewish communities have lived inside European societies but also outside of them. In what ways did Lienzo's fear harm his son? In what ways did it protect him? Do you think the Jews of the eighteenth-century London did themselves a service or disservice by closing themselves off?
4. The "gentlemen" at Sir Owen's club put Weaver in the uncomfortable position of having to speak for his entire culture. Have you ever been in a situation where you were the only minority (religious, racial, economic, etc.)? How did it feel to have a group looking at you as the spokesperson for your community? Can you think of any modern parallels?
5. Instead of praising his son, Benjamin, for defending the elderly Mrs. Cantas from anti-Semites, Lienzo strikes him? What did you think of Lienzo's behavior? What would it be like to live in constant fear of drawing attention to your community? Can you think of any modern parallels?
6. Who do you think was more honorable in his ways of doing business: the criminal Jonathan Wild, or Nathan Adelman? Why?
7. Near the end of the book, Adelman says to Weaver about the murder of Sir Owen, "You need only to believe, Mr. Weaver." And Benjamin answers, "Like the newfinance . . . it is true only so long as we believe it is true." What do you think the author is trying to say about the future of the stock market by letting Weaver believe someone he knows is unreliable?
8. Have you ever been caught up in a mania like the South Sea Bubble? What did it teach you about fads? Would you allow it to happen again?
9. As a child, Benjamin idolized boxers for their ability to fight. Compare his physicality to his relatives' intellectual and financial pursuits. Do you think Weaver's attraction to boxing was a response to the precariousness of his community?
10. At the end of the book the powerful Adelman comes out on top. Yet he is a member of a disempowered group. Do the many conspiracies in this book ultimately benefit the disenfranchised, or the powerful?
11. Discuss the title A Conspiracy of Paper. Do you think the author used the word "paper" to evoke written histories and novels as well as money? Do you believe that history is written by those who come out on top? How do you think "paper" will fare in our increasingly electronic age?
Posted July 7, 2005
David Liss has set his story in the year before the South Sea Bubble caused stocks to fall 98%. Unlike precipitous market declines in later years, the trouble then was was widespread corruption, short selling, dishonesty and, in the novel, murder. David Liss has invented wonderful characters whose flaws, unlike the flaws of characters in contemporary fiction, are flaws of strength and arrogant self confidence: no wimps in this story. To understand the investment climate of our own times we need to know more about the dawn of the investment era, and it is all in this book. There is no preaching nor academic asides in this fast-told adventure, only muscular action. I immediately read more books about the period, but enjoyed this one the most.
6 out of 6 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted July 1, 2013
Benjamin Weaver is self-professed "protector, guardian, bailiff, constable-for-hire, and thief-taker." He’s tough and masculine and sexy to the reader. The other characters in the book are well developed and humorous. Learning about 17th-century finance is also very fascinating.
3 out of 3 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted March 2, 2008
This book by David Liss was an excellent read, the main character Benjamin weaver is a thief taker in 18th century england who is hired to investigate the mysterious circumstances of his fathers and another mans murder. Liss then takes you down into a world where the good are bad and the bad are good depending on the situation.
3 out of 3 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted September 14, 2012
A Conspiracy of Paper by David Liss is an excellent read for anyone who enjoys history and mystery. The character, Benjamin Weaver, is a wonderfully flawed man whose life experiences have given him his own brand of morality. The plot line is complicated with several twists. But what especially held my interest is the parallel drawn between the South Sea Company of early 18th century England and today's Wall Street. The contrast is eerie. I guess it is true that the more things change, the more things stay the same.
2 out of 2 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted January 4, 2012
excellent book. Complex plot ,well worked out. Book moves along very fast, very well written.An enjoyable read,the first in a series with Benjamin Weaver ex pugilist as the hero.
1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted June 25, 2007
The title of the book I am writing a review on is a conspiracy of paper. The author of this fiction mystery is David Liss. This book targets an audience that likes a good mystery. David Liss is showing in this book that while writing you can still keep the attention of your audience by exciting word and informative scene writing. Compared to many mystery books David Liss gives detail by detail of the scene and what is going on. In conclusion the mystery in this story was just that a mystery. David Liss has a wonderful way of putting you into the crime scene and making you feel as if you are apart of the mystery solving process. I really enjoyed following this murder mystery and give this book 41/2 water droplet.
1 out of 2 people found this review helpful.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted June 17, 2012
Posted August 30, 2004
Posted August 27, 2002
Posted January 1, 2002
In A Conspiracy of Paper, David Liss describes how money and murder changed the financial face of the world as he focuses on white collar crime in 1719 London. A Conspiracy of Paper is not a literal historical novel, however, but a lively, imaginative one that involves the South Sea Bubble, a battle for control of trading rights in South America and the South Seas. The protagonist is Benjamin Weaver, a Jewish ex-boxer known as the Lion of Judah who abandoned the ring to become an eighteenth-century Sam Spade, someone who retrieves stolen property and brings the thieves to justice, a lucrative but dangerous occupation. Weaver, whose real name is Lienzo, has been estranged from his own family for many years and he has no desire to mend any broken fences. Not even his father's death, reportedly an accidental one, can bring Weaver back within the family fold. The plot of this book centers on two crimes. The first involves the pretentious William Balfour. Although Balfour's father's death has been declared a suicide, Balfour, himself, believes it was murder and he engages Weaver to investigate, telling him that Weaver's own father's death might in some mysterious way be linked to that of the elder Balfour's. Weaver finds the large fee Balfour has agreed to pay far more enticing than any link to his own father could ever be. The other crime involves a baronet, Sir Owen Nettleton, who wants Weaver to recover some incriminating letters that were stolen from him during a liaison with a prostitute. An incident that occurs while Weaver is busy tracking down the stolen letters will have repercussions that will haunt Weaver for some time to come. The connection between Nettleton and Balfour, although nebulous at first, becomes clearer as time goes on. So does the connection to Weaver's own father's death. During the course of his investigation, Weaver must interact with his own family once again and this brings two wonderfully-drawn characters into the book: Weaver's uncle and his brother's beautiful and restless widow. It also adds yet another complication to a story that grows ever more complicated by the page. A wonderful character himself, we come to really care about Weaver as he mixes politics with murder and places his life in peril. Liss, himself a doctoral candidate in English at Columbia University, has a fine eye for detail and we really feel as though we are back in eighteenth-century London as Weaver moves from the coffee houses to the brothels to the financial district to the depths of London's rag-and-tatter street life. The absolute division between the Jewish and Christian residents, as well as the overt anti-Semitism is well-detailed as is the corruption existing in the government. Liss also manages to duplicate the speaking and writing style of the period and to reconstruct English history with amazing accuracy. I am sure many readers will compare this novel to Caleb Carr's The Alienist and most will probably prefer the latter. A Conspiracy of Paper, however, is still a wonderful and engrossing undertaking through London of three centuries ago. It is a mix of intrigue, murder and financial shenanigans that almost any reader will find fascinating.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted March 31, 2001
I was so grateful that I started reading A Conspiracy of Paper as I began a long air trip as I would have laid waste to my usual schedule under other circumstances. I could not put this book down as I journeyed back to 1719 London with Mr. Liss. I look forward to his next book.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted March 11, 2001
This is nearly a perfect work of historical fiction!! I loved every page...the plot unfolded masterfully, yet held your suspense until the very end. The amount of historical detail to religious prejudice, the new and emerging financial markets, fashion, classes difference and social mores was vast, yet so beautifully woven into the story line. Plus, you really do love the protagonist!! Do read...you won't be sorry!!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted January 25, 2001
A CONSPIRACY OF PAPER is one of the best novels I've read, and its being a first novel just makes it all the better, as we can now anticipate more from Mr. Liss. Once I got into the novel a bit and realized how very good it was, I began reading with a more critical eye, thinking I might be able to pass on one or two very small suggestions to the author, but I found I had none to give. It's a tour de force. I was impressed with the story, the pacing, the characterization, and the style of writing which so perfectly captured the eighteenth century. The necessary expository passages were handled with real flair; we were never lost in the details of that faraway time. I enjoy historical novels and read a fair number of them, but I must say this novel must now be put in a very small group of nearly flawless works. I have not been this impressed since I read THE YEAR OF THE FRENCH by Thomas Flanagan. I would recommend this book to anyone who likes historical novels--and to anyone who has never tried this particular genre. You're in for a heck of a ride!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted December 15, 2000
What a wonderful trip back in time! David Liss has written an entertaining and informative historical mystery with plenty of twists and turns, fascinating and complex characters, and a setting that resonates today. In many ways, the problems and possibilities that 18th century England experienced as it rushed headlong toward the 'new finance' are eerily similar to what the modern world is facing with the 'new economy.' And Liss explains it all with enough detail to keep the reader up-to-speed but without bogging down the pace of the action.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted July 24, 2000
What a fun way to learn of things past. An intriguing plot and and maze of twists and turns keep you and the protagonist, Ben Weaver, guessing right up to the end; and what an ending it is. The ending's unraveling of the mystery reminded me of The Sting. Through all of the fun, the reader even learns a bit of the history behind the British stock market; a forebearer of our own. Liss has a great sense of time and place. A very fun read!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted May 8, 2000
creative writing, capturing the spirit of early 18th century England (London)business society. A little slow at first, as the author built his main characters with great detail.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted May 14, 2000
Posted April 10, 2000
What an extraordinary novel. As a trial lawyer I try, as best I can to engage in 'pleasure' reading. This book was an absolute pleasure to read. Candy for the mind! I read a great deal and rarely find myself so engaged in a book I find it hard to put down. Actually it's sort of annoying to read a book that is so well written that you don't want to put it down. So this review is a WARNING. If you don't like reading a book that is so good you can't put it down, Don't buy this book. Otherwise...ENJOY!Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted April 18, 2000
This is an exciting historical mystery. The characters are most interesting, the story intricate and the detail of the period is very realistic. The language is intelligent and the major issues are as relevant today as they were nearly 300 years ago. A wonderful book.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.
Posted March 31, 2000
A CONSPIRACY OF PAPER is a sophisticated thriller that effectively transports the reader back to the early 18th century. Selective use of early British grammar, idiomatic expression and slang enhance the realism developed by the author. As an avid whodunit reader I was captivated by the plot twists that culminated in a classic ending. Character development is strong and gives the reader a strong sence of the social and economoic condition of the time. David Liss is a bright, imaginative young author whose future novels I would not hesitate to purchase.Was this review helpful? Yes NoThank you for your feedback. Report this reviewThank you, this review has been flagged.