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Constitutional Federalism In a Nutshell / Edition 2
     

Constitutional Federalism In a Nutshell / Edition 2

by David E. Engdahl
 

ISBN-10: 0314383298

ISBN-13: 9780314383297

Pub. Date: 06/28/1987

Publisher: West Group

Winds of Doctrine and Federalism Law; Starting Point for Federalism Analysis; Doctrine of Enumerated Powers; Necessary and Proper Clause; Enumerated Powers and Extraneous Ends; Preemptive Capability; Congress' Power Over Interstate Commerce; Congress' Power to Tax; Congress' Spending and Borrowing Powers; Exceptions and Qualifications to Enumerated Powers Doctrine:

Overview

Winds of Doctrine and Federalism Law; Starting Point for Federalism Analysis; Doctrine of Enumerated Powers; Necessary and Proper Clause; Enumerated Powers and Extraneous Ends; Preemptive Capability; Congress' Power Over Interstate Commerce; Congress' Power to Tax; Congress' Spending and Borrowing Powers; Exceptions and Qualifications to Enumerated Powers Doctrine: Foreign Affair's and Property Powers; Congress' Enforcement Power; Negative Implications of Federal Power; Preemption; Congressional Enlargement of State Power; Intergovernmental Immunities; Intergovernmental Cooperation.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780314383297
Publisher:
West Group
Publication date:
06/28/1987
Series:
Nutshell Series
Edition description:
2nd ed
Pages:
411
Product dimensions:
4.87(w) x 7.36(h) x 0.72(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xix
Table of Cases
xxxi
The Winds of Doctrine and Federalism Law
1(6)
What Distinguishes Federalism Law?
1(2)
Why Study Federalism Law?
3(4)
The Starting Point for Federalism Analysis: The Doctrine of Enumerated Powers
7(9)
The Concept and Misconceptions of "Enumerated Powers"
7(7)
An Aid to Analysis
14(2)
Figure 1
14(2)
The Necessary and Proper Clause
16(36)
The Concept and Misconceptions of the Clause
16(4)
Figure 2
19(1)
Erroneous Restraints on the Necessary and Proper Clause Power
20(4)
Figure 3
21(3)
Statutes Leaving Telic Determinations to Courts or Agencies
24(3)
The "Particularity" Feature of the Necessary and Proper Clause
27(5)
Figure 4
30(2)
The Class Basis Principle
32(1)
Enforcible Limits of the Necessary and Proper Clause: Introduction
33(1)
The "Substantiality" Requirement
34(1)
The "Rational Basis" Requirement
35(4)
Congressional Determination of Telic Relation
39(4)
The Difficulty of Ascertaining Purpose
43(5)
Change of Circumstances
48(1)
The Dangers of Imprecise Expression
49(1)
Congress Alone Has This Power
50(2)
Enumerated Powers and Extraneous Ends
52(22)
The Mischievous McCulloch Dictum
52(1)
Figure 5
52(1)
Progress Through Confusion: Emergence of the So-Called "Federal Police Power" (a Misnomer)
53(4)
The Dagenhart Error: Taking the McCulloch Dictum Seriously
57(2)
Demise of the McCulloch Dictum and Affirmation of Sound Principle
59(3)
Extraneous Ends of Necessary and Proper Clause Measures
62(3)
Figure 6
63(2)
Avoiding the "Bootstrap" Error
65(9)
Figure 7
66(3)
Figure 8
69(1)
Figure 9
70(1)
Figure 10
71(3)
Preemptive Capability
74(19)
The Concept of Preemptive Capability
74(3)
Preemptive Capability and Matters Within the Circle of Legitimate Federal Concerns
77(1)
Preemptive Capability and the Necessary and Proper Clause
77(1)
Preemptive Capability as to "Matters" Not Touched by Congress
78(1)
No Preemptive Capability With Respect to Extraneous Ends
79(3)
Cases Illustrating the Lack of Preemptive Capability
82(3)
Circuitous Means to Legitimate Ends
85(5)
Figure 11
87(3)
Particularized Analysis for Preemptive Capability
90(3)
Figure 12
90(3)
Congress' Power Over Interstate Commerce
93(45)
The Terms of the Commerce Clause
93(6)
Non-Commercial Interstate "Commerce"
99(3)
Interstate Commerce Without Discernible Line-Crossing
102(6)
The Importance of Caution in Characterization
108(2)
Putting the Old Cases in Their Place
110(4)
Congress and Competition in Interstate Commerce
114(3)
The "Scarlet Letter" Error
117(5)
Confusion From Imprecise Expression
122(5)
Immaterial Predominant Ends
127(1)
Navigable Waters: A Peculiar Case
128(6)
Navigable Waters and Preemptive Capability
134(1)
International Commerce
135(3)
Congress' Power to Tax
138(24)
"Direct" Taxes and "Apportionment"
138(3)
"Indirect" Taxes and "Uniformity"
141(2)
Other Limits On Federal Taxes
143(1)
Taxes and Non-Revenue Objectives
144(3)
Figure 13
145(2)
"Taxes" That Are Not Taxes, and Taxes That Really Are
147(7)
Necessary and Proper Means to Revenue Ends
154(2)
"Provisions Extraneous to Any Tax Need"
156(5)
Preemptive Capability and the Taxing Power
161(1)
Congress' Spending and Borrowing Powers
162(41)
Source of the Power to Spend
162(2)
The "General Welfare" Limitation
164(2)
The Classic Dispute Over the Spending Power: Madison, Hamilton, and Monroe
166(4)
The Dim Dawning of Awareness: Butler and the Social Security Act Cases
170(4)
Modern Use of the Spending Power to Promote Extraneous Ends
174(5)
Preemptive Capability and the Spending Power
179(6)
Congress' Power Over Recipients: The Contractual Character of Spending Conditions
185(4)
Enforcement of Spending Conditions
189(8)
The Necessary and Proper Clause and Spending
197(2)
The Source and Uses of Congress' Borrowing Power
199(4)
Exceptions and Qualifications to Enumerated Powers Doctrine: The Foreign Affairs and Property Powers
203(30)
National Powers and Foreign Affairs
203(4)
Foreign Affairs and the Necessary and Proper Clause
207(3)
Treaties and Federal Laws
210(2)
State Law and Foreign Affairs
212(1)
Classic Doctrine Regarding Federal Enclaves Within States
213(5)
Classic Doctrine Regarding Territory Outside Any State
218(3)
Classic Doctrine Regarding Other Federal Property
221(5)
The Scrambled Egg: Enclave and Property Clause Doctrine in Disarray
226(7)
Congress' Enforcement Power
233(15)
The Enforcement Clauses of Certain Amendments
233(1)
The Necessary and Proper Clause Analogy
234(5)
Much Ado About Nothing: The Furor Over Morgan's Second (or "Substantive") Rationale
239(5)
Enforcement of Rights Not Derived From Amendments
244(4)
Negative Implications of Federal Power
248(86)
Exclusivity Vel Non
248(2)
The Dormant Commerce Clause From 1789 to Cooley
250(7)
Evolution Under Cooley
257(5)
The (Justice) Stone Foundations of the Modern Approach
262(7)
Aside: The Market Participant Doctrine
269(2)
Aside: Alcoholic Beverages
271(1)
The Modern Approach: Preface
272(4)
The Modern Approach: Stage One
276(4)
The Modern Approach: Stage Two
280(7)
The Modern Approach: Stage Three
287(5)
Critique of the Modern Approach
292(6)
Negative Implications for State Taxes: Preface
298(1)
The Tax Cases Before 1977
299(10)
The Tax Cases Since 1977
309(14)
Critique of the Current Approach in Tax Cases
323(3)
State Taxes and International Commerce
326(8)
Preemption
334(23)
Introduction
334(1)
Evolution of Preemption Doctrine
334(7)
Modern Preemption Methodology
341(9)
"Express" Preemptive Intent
350(1)
Preemption and Federal Administrative Agencies
351(2)
Permissive Licensure and Preemption
353(1)
A Reminder About Preemptive Capability
354(3)
Congressional Enlargement of State Power
357(11)
State Actions Contingent Upon Federal Consent
357(1)
Congressional Enlargement of State Power Over Interstate and Foreign Commerce
358(6)
Recent Cases on Congressional Consent to State Regulation and Taxation of Commerce
364(4)
Intergovernmental Immunities
368(23)
Introduction
368(1)
Constitutional Immunity for the United States and Its Instrumentalities: The McCulloch Rational
369(7)
Constitutional Federal Immunity Dehors McCulloch
376(1)
Federal Immunity for Private Entities
377(4)
Federal Immunity Governed by Statute
381(2)
State Immunity Before 1976
383(3)
State Immunity: Usery, Garcia, and Beyond
386(5)
Intergovernmental Cooperation
391(16)
Some Methods of Federal-State Cooperation
391(2)
Miscellaneous Methods of Interstate Cooperation
393(1)
Interstate Agreements and Compacts: The Requirement of Congressional Consent
394(5)
How Congress' "Consent" Is Given
399(1)
The Consequences of Consent, and the "Law of the Union" Doctrine
400(7)
Index 407

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