Constitutional Law and Politics / Edition 4by David M. O'Brien
Pub. Date: 01/28/2000
Publisher: Norton, W. W. & Company, Inc.
With over 300 college and university adoptions since its publication, Constitutional Law and Politics is simply the best package choice for your courses in constitutional law, civil rights and civil liberties, and constitutional history. This new edition of a proven classroom favorite features excerpts from major Supreme Court decisions and adds "In Comparative Perspective" boxes to its array of special-interest boxed material. It thoroughly integrates the historical and political background to legal battles in its discussions and offers up to-the-last term reporting.
Special-interest boxes highlight some of the more interesting legal issues, personalities, and cases.
* The Development of Law boxes show students how current law has evolved by tracing a legal topic over time.
* Constitutional History boxes offer further background on a specific topic.
* Inside the Court boxes give students rare behind-the-scenes views of the Supreme Court.
* Comparative Perspective boxes illustrate how courts around the world have addressed particular constitutional issues. Included are:
"The 'European Model' of Constitutional Courts and Judicial Review"
"Communitarianism, Feminism, and the Canadian Supreme Court's Rulings on Hate Speech and Pornography"
"The Self-Defense Forces Enshrinement Case, the Supreme Court of Japan, and Religious Minorities"
"The Right to Remain Silent and the Exclusion of Incriminating Statements in England, France, Germany, and Italy"
"Capital Punishment around the World"
"The European Court of Justice and the European Union"
"Federalism, Federations, and Confederations"
"Equal Voting Rights and the French Case of Feminine Quotas"
Table of Contents
|The United States Constitution and Amendments||1|
|Chapter 1.||The Supreme Court, Judicial Review, and Constitutional Politics||23|
|A.||Establishing and Contesting the Power of Judicial Review||27|
|B.||The Politics of Constitutional Interpretation||69|
|Chapter 2.||Law and Politics in the Supreme Court: Jurisdiction and Decision-Making Process||100|
|A.||Jurisdiction and Justiciable Controversies||101|
|B.||The Court's Docket and Screening Cases||162|
|C.||The Rule of Four and Agenda Setting||165|
|D.||Summarily Decided Cases||168|
|E.||The Role of Oral Argument||169|
|G.||Postconference Writing and Circulation of Opinions||174|
|H.||Opinion Days and Communicating Decisions||177|
|I.||The Impact of Supreme Court Decisions: Compliance and Implementation||182|
|Chapter 3.||Economic Rights and American Capitalism||218|
|A.||The Contract Clause and Vested Interests in Property||220|
|B.||The Development and Demise of a "Liberty of Contract"||252|
|C.||The "Takings Clause" and Just Compensation||285|
|Chapter 4.||The Nationalization of the Bill of Rights||299|
|A.||The Selective Nationalization of Guarantees of the Bill of Rights Plus Other Fundamental Rights||304|
|B.||The Rise and Retreat of the "Due Process Revolution"||348|
|Chapter 5.||Freedom of Expression and Association||371|
|A.||Judicial Approaches to the First Amendment||381|
|B.||Obscenity, Pornography, and Offensive Speech||421|
|E.||Freedom of the Press||556|
|F.||Regulating the Broadcast and Cable Media, and the Internet||589|
|G.||Fair Trial/Free Press Controversies||604|
|H.||Symbolic Speech and Speech-Plus-Conduct||612|
|I.||Freedom of Association||642|
|Chapter 6.||Freedom from and of Religion||655|
|A.||The (Dis) Establishment of Religion||663|
|B.||Free Exercise of Religion||759|
|Chapter 7.||The Fourth Amendment Guarantee Against Unreasonable Searches and Seizures||814|
|A.||Requirements for a Warrant and Reasonable Searches and Seizures||817|
|B.||Exceptions to the Warrant Requirement||829|
|C.||The Special Problems of Automobiles in a Mobile Society||859|
|D.||Other Governmental Searches in the Administrative State||883|
|E.||Wiretapping, Bugging, and Police Surveillance||906|
|F.||The Exclusionary Rule||931|
|Chapter 8.||The Fifth Amendment Guarantee Against Self-Accusation||970|
|A.||Coerced Confessions and Police Interrogations||979|
|B.||Grants of Immunity||1035|
|C.||Real Versus Testimonial Evidence||1036|
|D.||Required Records, Private Papers, and Custodial Possession||1038|
|Chapter 9.||The Rights to Counsel and Other Procedural Guarantees||1043|
|A.||The Right to Counsel||1043|
|B.||Plea Bargaining and the Right to Effective Counsel||1058|
|C.||Indictment by a Grand Jury||1067|
|D.||The Right to an Impartial Jury Trial||1069|
|E.||A Speedy and Public Trial||1088|
|F.||The Rights to Be Informed of Charges and to Confront Accusers||1089|
|G.||The Guarantee Against Double Jeopardy||1093|
|H.||The Guarantee Against Excessive Bail and Fines||1098|
|I.||Indigents and the Criminal Justice System||1100|
|Chapter 10.||Cruel and Unusual Punishment||1104|
|Chapter 11.||The Right of Privacy||1185|
|A.||Privacy and Reproductive Freedom||1189|
|B.||Privacy and Personal Autonomy||1238|
|Chapter 12.||The Equal Protection of the Laws||1277|
|A.||Racial Discrimination and State Action||1287|
|B.||Racial Discrimination in Education||1333|
|C.||Affirmative Action and Reverse Discrimination||1388|
|D.||Nonracial Classifications and the Equal Protection of the Laws||1449|
|Appendix A||Researching Legal Materials and Law-Related Sources on the Web||1537|
|Appendix B||The How, Why, and What to Briefing and Citing Court Cases||1545|
|Members of the Supreme Court of the United States||1549|
|Biographies of Current Justices||1553|
|Index of Cases||1565|
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