Constitutional Law, for a Changing America: Institutional Powers and Constraints

Constitutional Law, for a Changing America: Institutional Powers and Constraints

by Lee Epstein

Product Details

Congressional Quarterly, Inc.
Publication date:

Table of Contents

IThe U.S. Constitution
An Introduction to the U.S. Constitution3
The Road to the U.S. Constitution3
Underlying Principles of the Constitution7
1.Understanding the U.S. Supreme Court13
Processing Supreme Court Cases13
Supreme Court Decisionmaking: Legally Relevant Approaches24
Supreme Court Decisionmaking: Extralegal Approaches35
Conducting Research on the Supreme Court47
IIInstitutional Authority
Structuring the Federal System55
Origins of the Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances System55
Separation of Powers and the Constitution57
Contemporary Thinking on the Constitutional Scheme: Separation of Powers Games58
2.The Judiciary61
Establishment of the Federal Judiciary62
Judicial Review66
Marbury v. Madison (1803)66
Martin v. Hunter's Lessee (1816)78
Eakin v. Raub (1825)87
Constraints on Judicial Power: Article III91
Ex parte McCardle (1869)92
Baker v. Carr (1962)99
Nixon v. United States (1993)105
Flast v. Cohen (1968)110
Constraints on Judicial Power: The Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances System117
3.The Legislature121
Article I: Historical Overview121
Congressional Authority over Internal Affairs: Institutional Independence and Integrity125
Powell v. McCormack (1969)128
U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton (1995)134
Gravel v. United States (1972)142
Sources and Scope of Legislative Powers147
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)149
McGrain v. Daugherty (1927)157
Watkins v. United States (1957)161
Barenblatt v. United States (1959)166
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936)174
South Carolina v. Katzenbach (1966)179
4.The Executive185
Article II: Basic Considerations185
The Faithful Execution of the Laws: Defining the Contours of Presidential Power194
In re Neagle (1890)194
Domestic Powers of the President200
Clinton v. City of New York (1998)201
Morrison v. Olson (1988)206
Myers v. United States (1926)216
Humphrey's Executor v. United States (1935)220
United States v. Nixon (1974)224
Mississippi v. Johnson (1867)229
Nixon v. Fitzgerald (1982)232
Clinton v. Jones (1997)237
Ex parte Grossman (1925)243
Murphy v. Ford (1975)246
The President and Foreign Policy248
United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. (1936)248
5.The Separation of Powers System in Action252
Domestic Powers252
Mistretta v. United States (1989)257
Immigration and Naturalization Service v. Chadha (1983)262
Bowsher v. Synar (1986)266
Presidential Power During War and National Emergencies271
The Prize Cases (1863)272
Ex parte Milligan (1866)275
Korematsu v. United States (1944)283
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer (1952)288
Dames & Moore v. Regan (1981)293
IIINation-State Relations
Allocating Government Power299
The Framers and Federalism300
The Tenth and Eleventh Amendments301
Nation-State Relations: The Doctrinal Cycle305
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)307
Scott v. Sandford (1857)313
Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)321
United States v. Darby Lumber (1941)325
National League of Cities v. Usery (1976)327
Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985)333
New York v. United States (1992)339
Printz v. United States (1997)344
The Eleventh Amendment350
Alden v. Maine (1999)352
New Judicial Federalism359
Michigan v. Long (1983)361
National Preemption of State Laws369
State of Missouri v. Holland (1920)369
Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council (2000)371
Pennsylvania v. Nelson (1956)376
Pacific Gas and Electric Company v. State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (1983)379
7.The Commerce Power385
Constitutional Foundations of the Commerce Power385
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)387
Defining Interstate Commerce391
United States v. E. C. Knight Co. (1895)393
Stafford v. Wallace (1922)397
The Supreme Court and the New Deal399
A. L. A. Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935)402
Carter v. Carter Coal Company (1936)408
National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937)416
Wickard v. Filburn (1942)423
Modern Limitations on the Commerce Power425
United States v. Lopez (1995)426
United States v. Morrison (2000)431
Regulating Commerce as a Federal Police Power436
Champion v. Ames (1903)438
Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964)442
The Commerce Power of the States444
Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1852)446
Southern Pacific Company v. Arizona (1945)450
Hunt v. Washington State Apple Advertising Commission (1977)454
Maine v. Taylor (1986)457
8.The Power to Tax and Spend462
The Constitutional Power to Tax and Spend462
Direct Taxes and the Power to Tax Income463
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co. (1895)466
Taxation of Exports472
United States v. United States Shoe Corporation (1998)472
Intergovernmental Tax Immunity474
South Carolina v. Baker (1988)476
Davis v. Michigan Department of Treasury (1989)478
Taxation as a Regulatory Power481
McCray v. United States (1904)482
Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Co. (1922)485
Taxing and Spending for the General Welfare488
United States v. Butler (1936)489
Steward Machine Co. v. Davis (1937)494
South Dakota v. Dole (1987)498
Restrictions on the Revenue Powers of the States501
Michelin Tire Corp. v. Wages (1976)502
Complete Auto Transit v. Brady (1977)505
Quill Corp. v. North Dakota (1992)507
Oregon Waste Systems v. Department of Environmental Quality of the State of Oregon (1994)511
IVEconomic Liberties
Economic Liberties and Individual Rights517
9.The Contract Clause521
The Framers and the Contract Clause521
John Marshall and the Contract Clause523
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)523
Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)528
Decline of the Contract Clause: From the Taney Court to the New Deal533
Proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. Proprietors of Warren Bridge (1837)534
Stone v. Mississippi (1880)539
Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934)542
Revitalization of the Contract Clause546
United States Trust Co. v. New Jersey (1977)546
Allied Structural Steel Co. v. Spannaus (1978)550
10.Economic Substantive Due Process554
The Development of Substantive Due Process557
The Slaughterhouse Cases (1873)557
Munn v. Illinois (1877)564
Allgeyer v. Louisiana (1897)570
The Roller Coaster Ride of Substantive Due Process: 1898-1923572
Lochner v. New York (1905)573
Muller v. Oregon (1908)579
The Heyday of Substantive Due Process: 1923-1936585
Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)585
The Depression, the New Deal, and the Decline of Substantive Due Process588
Nebbia v. New York (1934)588
West Coast Hotel v. Parrish (1937)593
Williamson v. Lee Optical Company (1955)597
11.The Takings Clause600
Protecting Private Property from Government Seizure600
What Constitutes a Taking?603
United States v. Causby (1946)603
Penn Central Transportation Company v. City of New York (1978)606
Public Use Requirement610
Berman v. Parker (1954)611
Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff (1984)613
Resurrecting the Takings Clause616
Nollan v. California Coastal Commission (1987)618
Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council (1992)621
Dolan v. City of Tigard (1994)625
Reference Material
Constitution of the United States633
Federalist Paper, No. 78643
Bush v. Gore (2000)647
U.S. Presidents655
Thumbnail Sketch of the Supreme Court's History657
The Justices659
Natural Courts665
Supreme Court Calendar671
Briefing Supreme Court Cases672
Subject Index679
Case Index693
Illustration Credits699

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